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2017 Journals

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 January 2017VOL 57 NO 1
Nurseryweb spider at home on Neoregelia‘Skotak’s Tiger x ‘Rainbow Carcharodon’.
Photo Graeme Barclay
The Society’s January meetingwill be a week later than usual...
on Tuesday January 31st
• Submarine spiders
• ‘FIESTA’ 2017, classes and conditions• 2016 monthly competition winners• Ten new genera established

In November we visited three
excellent gardens on Auckland’s
North Shore.

A great day out for members in the historic
Birkenhead – Beachhaven area to visit gardens
that were kindly opened up for us by Diana and

Ian McPherson; Joy and Bob Doran and Jenny

and Tony Green. Photos by Dave Anderson.

Jenny and Tony Green’s garden.

Joy and Bob Doran’s garden.

Diana and Ian McPherson’s garden.

Bromeliad Society of New Zealand Inc

Bromeliad Journal – January 2017 issue


November garden visits. Photos by Dave Anderson 2
President’s Page – Graeme Barclay 4
Bromeliad Society November meeting news – Bev Ching 5
2016 trophy and monthly competition winners 8
‘Tell the difference’ – Peter Waters 9
‘Special Species Spotlight’ – Graeme Barclay 10
2017 ‘Fiesta’ Show competition classes and rules 12
Changes in nomenclature... ten new genera – Peter Waters 14
Submarine spiders – Graeme Barclay 15
March garden visits coming up 16

Society officers, subs and Journal directory 17

Questions about Vriesea philippo-coburgii – Andrew Wilson 18
‘New from New Zealand’ – Graeme Barclay 20
Group News 21
Ross and Gail Fergusson’s Whakatane garden – photos by Murray Guy 23
‘Fiesta’ 2017 24

The opinions expressed in articles or letters in this Journal are the contributors’ own views and

do not necessarily express the views or the policy of the Bromeliad Society of New Zealand.


Please see the Group News section starting on page 21 for details of group meeting times

and venues.

31st Society monthly meeting at

Greyfriar’s Hall, corner of Mt Eden and
Windmill roads, starting at 7.30pm. The

Monthly Choice competition: Aechmea
orlandiana and hybrids. There will be a
discussion on various aechmea species


5th South Auckland Group bus trip to
Hillsborough and Titirangi
8th Bay of Plenty Group open day
12th Tillandsia Group – Auckland meeting
15th Bay of Plenty Group garden visits

18th – 19th 2017 ‘FIESTA’ - Bromeliad
Show and Sale at Mt Eden War
Memorial Hall, 489 Dominion Road,
Balmoral, Auckland. 9.00am to 3.00pm
both days
19th Eastern Bay of Plenty Group meeting
28th Society monthly meeting at

Greyfriar’s Hall, corner of Mt Eden and
Windmill roads, starting at 7.30pm. The

Monthly Choice competition: bulbous
tillandsias. Talk and photos by Peter Waters
on his current Mexican adventure trip

Front Cover: Graeme Barclay has written an interesting article this month called
‘Submarine spiders’ (see page 15). It seems that when Graeme moved to his native bush-

clad property in Titirangi, west Auckland, just over four years ago, it didn’t take long for

the local spiders to take a liking to many of his broms. They ‘moved in’ too!


Happy New Year everyone...
I hope you’ve had a great festive
season and your broms and
garden are looking resplendent, basking
in the sunshine and warm weather.

Congratulations to Peter Coyle,

for once again scooping the three
trophies in our 2016 monthly meeting
competition – this trend will HAVE

to be rectified this year! So, come

on everyone... bring your best plants
along and give him some competition.
Well done to all the other winners and
place-getters in our individual plant

categories. The full list is in this Journal.
Our major Society award for 2016,
the ‘Bea Hanson Memorial Trophy’,
was presented to a long-standing

committee member, Don Brown.
Don attends every meeting, is always

positively helping behind the scenes
– including tea duty at our meetings –
and he is a plant sales stalwart. Thanks

Don, for all that you do for our Society.

In this issue we have the ‘Schedule of
Classes and Rules’ for entering plants
in our ‘Fiesta’ 2017 Show in February.

I hope we get some great entries,

especially some from members outside
of Auckland. As long as you are a

current member of the BSNZ, have

grown the plant for 6 months or more
prior to the show and can submit it for
entry on Friday 17th between 1pm and

5pm, you are welcome.

This year we are trying new advertising
methods to entice the public to come

along, see the show and buy plants. At
our January meeting we will have the

usual three clip-board lists circulating

for “Sellers”, “Helpers” and the “Tusk
Fiesta Dinner” on Saturday night, Feb

18th. We will also have a fourth list
circulating for those folks able to assist
with placing a ‘Fiesta’ advertisement on
your Local Suburb Facebook Group
Page. Facebook Groups are visited by
many thousands of Aucklanders each
day. Our goal is to cover as much of
Auckland and outlying regions as
possible with this free medium. The
advertisement text and a photo will be
emailed to you in February. All you
have to do is post them to your Local
Facebook Group a week before the
‘Fiesta’. For those who cannot attend

the January meeting, but are possibly
able to help, please email me at gray.
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. and I will be in

We have also managed to arrange an
extensive “bromeliad feature” with
photos in the February issue of the
Kiwi Gardener Magazine. We hope
this article will also inspire people
to try bromeliads in their gardens
and come along and buy broms at
the ‘Fiesta’. Keep an eye out for this
magazine in early February and spread
the word. We really need a great effort
again from everyone to help boost the

Society funds and keep our Journal

rolling along. Please think about how
you can help – even if it’s simply being
a “plant buyer”.

See you all at the ‘Fiesta’.


Graeme Barclay

Bromeliad Society
November Meeting News

– Notes by Bev Ching, photos by Dave Anderson and Peter Coyle
President Graeme Barclay
welcomed 59 members to our
end of year meeting. The late
November garden visits to Birkenhead
had been enjoyed on a glorious Auckland
Sunday and members had been able to
enjoy new gardens and take home ideas.
Many thanks to members who opened
their gardens.

On March 5th the next garden visits
will take place in the West Auckland
area. More details of these visits will

be detailed in following Journals. Don’t

forget our sales table where you can buy

pots, fertiliser and hangers. Remember,

all sales support your Society.

What a great photo of Margaret
Flanagan’s Puya chilensis on the cover

of our November Journal. Do you grow

puyas in your garden? They’re worth

a try, just give them lots of space! Our

editor Murray is always looking for

Vriesea ‘White Line’ (Peter Coyle)
Vriesea ‘Hunua Thundercloud’ – first in
open foliage section and overall ‘Plant ofthe Month’ (Peter Waters)
Tillandsia ‘Uncle Panky’ first in
Tillandsia section (Lynette Nash)
Neoregelia ‘Shark Noodles’ first in
Neoregelia section (Graeme Barclay)
Cont’d P6

Cont’d from P5 – Bromeliad Society Meeting News

photos to put in the journal, so if you
have a colourful or outstanding plant,
send a photo to Murray, his email address
details are in this Journal.

Now is the time to be looking at
your plants for our big annual show
competition to be held at our ‘Fiesta’
in February. Put your ‘candidates’ aside
from others and treat them well. You

never know, you could come away with

a prize or trophy.

The AGM in March signals the end
of President Graeme’s tenure. If you
would like to put your name forward

for President, or to be a member of the
committee, please see Graeme or one of
the committee members. Remember , it’s

your Society and help in these areas is
always welcome.

‘Show and Tell’

Peter Waters took us through plants on the
table. First was Neoregelia fosteriana,
a rare plant from Brazil. First found in
1939 and recently rediscovered. Next
was Neoregelia nivea which has a white

centre (instead of a red), uncommon for

a neoregelia. Dave Anderson brought in
two tillandsias which have been wrongly
named in New Zealand as Tillandsia
pringlei. If you have these plants in your

collection, please change the name to

Tillandsia karwinskyana. Eric Wetting
brought in two sphagnum baskets and
a sphagnum ball bought at ‘Why Not’

store in Harris Road, East Tamaki. He
later donated these for the raffle. If you
would like to buy them from the store,

there are plenty in stock at the moment.

Our auction followed. We had a
collection of many different plants –

some rare. There was fierce bidding,

with some plants reaching over $200.
It was a fun time and something we all
look forward to each year. It would be
good if more members participated in
the auction.

President Graeme handed out the
prizes and trophies of the competition
results taken from the year’s results.
Congratulations to all the winners. A full

list of winners is in this Journal.

Aechmea jungurudoensis –
first equal in open flowering
section (Graeme Barclay)
Aechmea nudicaulis var
aequalis – first equal in open
flowering section (Don Brown)
Quesnelia marmorata ‘Tim
Plowman’ (John Muddiman)

Open Flowering: First equal was
Graeme Barclay with Aechmea
jungurudoensis, a flowering species
from Panama; also first equal was
Don Brown with a flowering Aechmea
nudicaulis var aequalis. Second equal
was John Mitchell with Vriesea ‘Jags
Hunua Fire’, also second equal was
Peter Coyle with Vriesea ‘White Line’,
a lovely red spiked plant with the green
and white stripes. This plant was well
grown and has been in New Zealand
for a number of years. Also on the table
were two other Aechmea nudicaulis var
aequalis, Neoregelia ‘Kings Ransom’
x ‘Gold Fever’, Racinaea crispa, an
interesting rare species from Columbia,
Neoregelia dayvidiana, a species from
Brazil, and one of Andrew Devonshire’s
hybrids, a Dyckia delicata x fosteriana,
and Goudaea ospinae gruberi.

Open Foliage: First was Peter Waters
with Vriesea ‘Hunua Thundercloud’,
second was John Muddiman with

Quesnelia marmorata ‘Tim Plowman’.
Also on the table were Aechmea
orlandiana ‘Reverse Ensign’, Billbergia
‘Totara Paisley’, Vriesea ‘Misty Sunday’
Tillandsia: First was Lynette Nash with

Tillandsia ‘Uncle Panky’, this is another

of Andrew Flower’s quirkily named
plants. Second was Peter Coyle with

Tillandsia streptophylla, also on the table
were Tillandsia tenuifolia, Tillandsia
deppeana, Tillandsia straminea,
Tillandsia paucifolia.

Neoregelia: First was Graeme Barclay
with Neoregelia ‘Shark Noodles’, a
hybrid from Australia, second was

Neoregelia (‘Tasha’ x ‘Clarice’) x
‘Golden Pheasant ‘ another beautiful
hybrid from Andrew Devonshire. Also

on the table were Neorgelia ‘Margarita’,
a red centred neoregelia hybrid,
Neoregelia ‘Jewellery Shop’, Neoregelia
‘Smooth Operator’, Neoregelia ‘Totara
Skidelicious’ hybrid from Peter
Coyle, Neoregelia ‘Hannibal Lector’ x
carcharadon’, Neoregelia ampullacea
x lilliputiana, Neoregelia ‘Wild Tiger’
x ampullacea’, Neoregelia bahiana,
Neoregelia ‘Tiger Prince’.

Monthly Choice: Three Christmas
decorations adorned the table this year.

First was Judy Graham, second was

Betty Goss and third Lynette Nash.

Plant of the month: First was
Peter Waters with Vriesea ‘Hunua
Congratulations to all the winners.

The main raffle prizes went to Bev
Ching. Door prizes went to Tony Thum,
Diane Timmins, Jeanene Barclay, Diane
McPherson, Betty Goss, and Claire


Next meeting: Tuesday January 31st
7.30pm. The plant of the month is
Aechmea orlandiana and hybrids.

Best wishes from your committee for the

summer holiday season and please, drive



Apologies. We incorrectly listed the
Open Foliage winner and ‘Plant of the
Month’ at the October monthly meeting
(Aechmea ‘Roberto Menescal’) as
belonging to Graeme Barclay.
The plant belongs to Peter Coyle.

2016 Trophy Winners

Judged over eleven monthly meetings of the Bromeliad Society.
Bea Hanson TropHy – Most points in Monthly Choice competitions
peter Coyle

CenTennial TropHy – Most points overall for the year
peter Coyle

GreenouGH TropHy – Plant of the month competitions
peter Coyle

Bea Hanson MeMorial TropHy

Awarded to a member who has given outstanding service to the Society

and who typifies the founding spirit and commitment of Bea Hanson.

(Judged by our President and Patron)

Don Brown

2016 Monthly Competition Winners

Judged over eleven monthly meetings of the Bromeliad Society.
Flowering neoregelia
1st peter Coyle 47 points 1st peter Coyle 47 points
2nd John Mitchell 40 Points 2nd Diana Holt 14 Points
3rd Graeme Barclay 24 Points 3rd Chris Paterson 13 Points
Foliage Monthly Choice
1st John Mitchell 53 points 1st peter Coyle 31 points
2nd Peter Coyle 50 Points 2nd John Mitchell 29 Points
3rd Graeme Barclay 14 Points 3rd Lynette Nash 24 Points
1st Lynette Nash 75 Points
2nd Peter Coyle 30 Points
3rd Dave Anderson 17 Points

a regular column from peter Waters
Vriesea simplex and Vriesea scalaris

These two vriesea species have been in
our collections for many years but they
have often been confused with each
other. They both have a distinct arrangement
of the inflorescence whereby they hang
vertically about 30 or 40cms from the rosette.

Both species were described in the late

1800s, scalaris from Venezuela and eastern
Brazil and simplex from Colombia,
Venezuela, Trinidad and eastern Brazil. The

descriptions are remarkably similar with

their pendent yellow and red flowers, and

green leaves which are often purplish-red on
the undersides and agreement in size of most
parts of the plant. Vriesea scalaris does have
a variety described as scalaris var viridis

but this does not apply to the leaves, but
to the whole inflorescence which is totally

Vriesea simplex
green. This variety is known only from the
one collection so must be treated with some

suspicion. Overall, simplex tends to be
slightly larger, although this is not enough

to tell the difference.The only obvious way

to distinguish them comes when they flower
and involves the red floral bracts which clasp
each flower down the stem.

In Vriesea scalaris, the bracts are not over
35mm long and less than half as wide and

overlap little if at all under the flower.

In Vriesea simplex, the bracts are 35-45mm
long, much more than half as wide and

overlap well.

Most plants I have seen flowering in New

Zealand are Vriesea simplex. Vriesea scalaris

is here, but in much smaller numbers.

Vriesea scalaris

By Graeme Barclay
Summer is the season for us to enjoy seeing Aechmea nudicaulis show off

its stuff. I was excited to bloom this stunning new clone for the first time in


Aechmea ‘Rafa’

Aechmea ‘Rafa’ close-up of markings and pup.
Aechmea ‘Rafa’ blooming.


Aechmea ‘Rafa’

Like a number of other registered

Aechmea nudicaulis cultivars,

this plant hails from Rio de

Janeiro state in Brazil, near the town

of Sao Fidelis in the northern part
of the state. It was found in the wild
around 2001 by well known Brazilian

bromeliad expert, Rafael Oliveira,

known as ‘Rafa’ to his friends. This
unique looking clone made its way
into the Florida nursery trade where

it became known as either ‘Brazil’,

‘Rafa’ and ‘variety cuspidata’.

The late Harry Luther identified it as

a form of Aechmea nudicaulis var.
cuspidata, which I have managed
to find out relates to the supposedly

larger than normal ‘cuspidate’ (sharp
pointed) sepals that encircle the yellow

petals. Eventually, it was registered as

Aechmea ‘Rafa’ by Eloise Beach in
2011 in honour of Rafael Oliveira.

Aechmea ‘Rafa’ has long and heavily

spined leaves, with a noticeable kink

above the characteristic Aechmea
nudicaulis ‘knuckle’ in each leaf,

causing the upper part of some of
the leaf blades to droop. It also has

highly visible and defined silver cross
bands, particularly on the undersides

of the bronze coloured leaves.

The inflorescence is very elongated
with a reddish scape, orange-red
scape bracts and yellow flowers, like

most Aechmea nudicaulis clones.
Another botanical feature of Aechmea
nudicaulis var. cuspidata is supposed
to be the scape (stem) bracts which
should be bunched together beneath

the inflorescence. However, as you
can see on the photo on page 10,

they are actually quite evenly spread

apart down the scape, which is also
confirmed in other photographs.
Hence, this feature does not appear
to be a cultural discrepancy, but more

likely an interesting natural variation
in this particular clone.

The real features of this plant are its

unusual form, dark colour and overall
size, all helping to deliver a real
‘WOW” factor. In lower light levels,
the leaves can become almost black,

creating a rather sinister looking plant
enhanced by the silver bandings and
spiny leaf margins. The leaves can

also grow to over 50cm long, making

it highly desirable and unique looking
compared to other Aechmea nudicaulis

Unfortunately, this cultivar is quite

slow growing and still extremely rare
in New Zealand. Like most others in

this species group, it propagates pups
on heavily armoured, short stolons.

It remains to be seen whether Aechmea
‘Rafa’ will be a fully ‘outdoor’ plant

for us year-round in New Zealand,

like most other clones. It is possible it
may need some winter cold protection
like other rare clones of Aechmea
nudicaulis var. cuspidata, such as
the cold-tender Aechmea ‘La Tigra’.

I have a feeling it should be fine, but

when I get spare pups I will certainly
be giving it a try outside. Stay tuned!


2017 Bromeliad



1. Aechmea
3. Billbergia
4. Cryptanthus or Orthophytum
5. Guzmania
6. Bromeliad species (any genus)
7. Neoregelia
8. Neoregelia Midi size
9. Nidularioids
10. Tillandsia Small Blooming
11. Tillandsia Small Foliage
14. Tillandsia Large Blooming
15. Tillandsia Large Foliage
16. Vriesea Blooming
17. Vriesea Foliage

1. Exhibitors must be financial
members of the Bromeliad Society
of N.Z.

2. A maximum of two plants may be
entered in each class.
3. Plants must have been grown by
exhibitor for at least six months
prior to show.
18. Bigeneric or other genus not
listed above
19. Miniature bromeliad
20. Variegated bromeliad
21. Pitcairnioideae
23. Dish or tray garden or
novelty planting
24. Bromeliad arrangement
25. Artistic or floral arrangement
26. Decorative container
27. Hanging container
28. New Zealand hybrid
29. Original Bromeliad Art Work
30. Educational display
4. Plants must be clean and healthy,
free from scale and insects and
drained of water. Pots must be clean
and potting mix free of weeds and
other plant material. Each plant
should be correctly labelled with
name, or if unnamed, with parents,
and with no abbreviations. (ie.
Neoregelia hybrid is unacceptable).

This rule does not apply to classes

16, 17 and 28. Labelling not
necessary in Classes 23 to 25, and

5. Plants may be potted only in
standard clay, terracotta, green or

black plastic pots or unadorned
bonsai pots. They may also be
mounted on any suitable material.

6. No commercial leaf shine, cream
or milk may be used to enhance
the appearance of the plant.

7. A pot may contain single or
multiple plants provided they are
attached to a single rootstock.
This applies to Classes 1 to 9, 16
to 21 and 28.

8. Neoregelia Midi size is for plants
less than 200mm high and 250mm
9. Nidularioids include Nidularium,
Canistropsis, Canistrum,
Wittrockia and Edmundoa.

10. Tillandsias must be firmly
attached to mounts and must look
established. They may be single or
multiple plants of one type only,
within the stated measurements.
Fiji Trophy awarded for Best

11. Tillandsia sizes are: Small (up
to 20cm (8in)), Large (20cm up

(8in plus)). These measurements

exclude inflorescence and mount.

12. Miniature bromeliad may be single
or have multiple heads attached to
a single rootstock, no plant more
than 12.5cm (5in) high excluding
inflorescence. Tillandsias are not
permitted in this class.

13. Variegated bromeliad is a plant
with white, pink or red longitudinal

stripes on leaves.

14. Pitcairnioideae includes Dyckia,
Puya, Pitcairnia, Hechtia, Navia
and Deuterocohnia.

15. Olive Allan Trophy for Best of
Show chosen from Classes 1 to 22
and 28 only.
16. Class 24 Bromeliad Arrangement
uses bromeliads only and can
incorporate only natural materials.
Plastic pots are not allowed.
Ern Bailey Trophy for Best
Arrangement awarded to winner
of this class.
17. Class 25 Artistic or floral
arrangement may use other
types of plant but must include a
significant amount of bromeliad

18. Class 26 Decorative Container
where emphasis is placed on
harmony or contrast between
plant and container, and Class 27
Hanging Container where balance
is sought, may contain more than
one plant but of one type only.

19. Class 29 May be painting,
drawing, photograph, needlework
or other original work of art
executed by the exhibitor.

20. Class 30 May be any collection
of bromeliads and/or other visual
aids designed to educate on any
phase of bromeliad horticulture.
Maximum size is 1 sq. metre.
21. Entries may not be removed from
show until after 3pm. on Sunday
19th February.
22 Unless mentioned above other
rules as BSI standard show. Final
decision rests with Competition

23. Entries will be accepted between
1pm and 5pm only on Friday 17th

Changes in nomenclature...
ten new genera established –

– Notes from Peter Waters
Attendees at the 2013 ‘Cool Broms’ Conference will remember well an entertaining

talk by José Manzanares. We were privileged to get advance notice of a study

involving DNA analysis of the subfamily Tillandsioideae in which it was shown
that certain species were not sufficiently related to be retained in their present genera.
It has taken some time to have the study reviewed and finally published in a recognised
botanical journal, Phytotaxa. The outcome is that ten new genera have been established
and some 49 species of Mezobromelia, Tillandsia and Vriesea have changed their names.
Luckily not too many of these are in New Zealand so we do not have too many to alter.

The name changes are as follows:

Mezobromelia brownii Gregbrownii brownii Tillandsia wagneriana Barfussia wagneriana
Mezobromelia fulgens Gregbrownii fulgens Vriesea ospinae Goudaea ospinae
Mezobromelia hutchisonii Gregbrownii hutchisonii Vriesea amadoi Stigmatodon amadoi
Mezobromelia lyman-smithii Gregbrownii lyman-smithii Vriesea appariciana Stigmatodon apparicianus
Tillandsia acosta-solisii Lemeltonia acosta-solisii Vriesea belloi Stigmatodon belloi
Tillandsia anceps Wallisia anceps Vriesea bi-beatricis Lutheria bi-beatricis
Tillandsia asplundii Josemania asplundii Vriesea bifida Stigmatodon bifidus
Tillandsia cornuta Lemeltonia cornuta Vriesea brassicoides Stigmatodon brassicoides
Tillandsia cyanea Wallisia cyanea Vriesea chrysostachys Goudaea chrysostachys
Tillandsia delicatula Josemania delicatula Vriesea costae Stigmatodon costae
Tillandsia dodsonii Lemeltonia dodsonii Vriesea croceana Stigmatodon croceanus
Tillandsia dyeriana Racinaea dyeriana Vriesea euclidiana Stigmatodon euclidianus
Tillandsia grandis Pseudalcantarea grandis Vriesea fontellana Stigmatodon fontellanus
Tillandsia hamaleana Racinaea hamaleana Vriesea funebris Stigmatodon funebris
Tillandsia laxissima Barfussia laxissima Vriesea gastiniana Stigmatodon gastinianus
Tillandsia lindenii Wallisia lindeniana Vriesea glutinosa Lutheria glutinosa
Tillandsia macropetala Pseudalcantarea macropetala Vriesea goniorachis Stigmatodon goniorachis
Tillandsia monadelpha Lemeltonia monadelpha Vriesea harrylutheri Stigmatodon harrylutheri
Tillandsia narthecioides Lemeltonis narthecioides Vriesea magnibracteata Stigmatodon magnibracteatus
Tillandsia pinnata Josemania pinnata Vriesea monstrum Jagrantia monstrum
Tillandsia platyrhachis Barfussia platyrhachis Vriesea multifoliata Stigmatodon multifoliatus
Tillandsia pretiosa Wallisia pretiosa Vriesea plurifolia Stigmatodon plurifolius
Tillandsia scaligera Lemeltonia scaligera Vriesea rosulatula Stigmatodon rosulatulus
Tillandsia singularis Josemania singularis Vriesea sanctateresensis Stigmatodon sanctateresensis
Tillandsia triglochinoides Lemeltonia triglochinoides Vriesea soderstromii Lutheria soderstromii
Tillandsia truncata Josemania truncate Vriesea splendens Lutheria splendens
Tillandsia venusta Racinaea venusta Vriesea tuerckheimii Zizkaea tuerckheimii
Tillandsia viridiflora Pseudalcantarea viridiflora

The species that will most affect us are Tillandsia cyanea, lindenii, wagneriana and
Vriesea ospinae, glutinosa and splendens. Some growers may also have Tillandsia acostasolisii, dodsonii, laxissima, narthecioides, scaligera, and Vriesea chrysostachys.

I know that changing the names seems quite an imposition, but eventually we will

appreciate the fact that similar plants are grouped together which is what this is all about.

Submarine Spiders
Article and photos by Graeme Barclay
Did you know that some
spiders are swimmers?

After moving to our native bush-clad

property in Titirangi, west Auckland
just over four years ago, I have

observed a number of different spiders
in the bush and how they also have
quickly inhabited the bromeliads that
moved in with me. One of these spiders

is the common Nurseryweb spider,
Dolomedes minor, that is indigenous

to New Zealand. They can grow quite
large with a leg span of 6-7cm and have
a distinctive brown and tan coloured
striped abdomen. They also seem to

love sitting in the throat of bromeliads,

especially the large foliage vrieseas and
Neorergelia carcharodon plants that

have erect leaves, forming a tight vase.

One day when I was attempting to
photograph a large spider up close on

a bromeliad, it promptly shot straight

down into the cup water to escape! She

was obviously a bit camera shy, but the

interesting thing was I waited 5 minutes
and she did not come back up for air.
Somewhat amazed and intrigued by

this, I did some research and learnt

these spiders often catch their prey
by ‘running across water’ and can

Cont’d P16 15

Cont’d from P15 – Submarine Spiders

Nurseryweb Spider under the cup water.
also completely submerge themselves
for short periods. They trap air with
special hairs around their body so they
can breathe underwater. This seems to
suggest these spiders are actually the
similar species Dolomedes aquaticus,
which as the name suggests, lives and

hunts around normally around bush

streams, like we have on our property.

In the photo on previous page you can
clearly see the spider’s white egg sac

Nuseryweb Spider on Neoregelia ‘Skotak’s
Tiger’ x ‘Rainbow Carcharodon’.

clutched tightly in her fangs, that she

carries for at least 5 weeks. She will

then make a nurseryweb, normally

around the twigs or leaves of a tree

or shrub, where she will deposit and

guard the egg sac until the spiderlings
hatch a few days later.

A later photo on another plant showing
a mother spider with her nest of
spiderlings hatched.

Central-West auckland Garden Visits in March
sunDay MarCH 5th • 10am – 2pm

• Graeme Barclay – Green Bay
• Ross and Julia Walker – New Windsor
• Carolle Roberts – Lynfield
Mark your calendars. Addresses and details will follow in the February Journal.


Patron: Patricia Sweeney
President: Graeme Barclay 09-817 4153
Vice Presidents: Jocelyn Coyle 09-416 8272
Chris Paterson 09-625 6707
Secretary: Bev Ching 09-576 4595
Treasurer: Peter Waters 09-534 5616
Life Members: Dave Anderson, Patricia Perratt,
Patricia Sweeney, Peter Waters

Scientific Officer: Peter Waters 09-534 5616
Librarian: Noelene Ritson 09-625 8114
Committee: Dave Anderson 09-638 8671
Don Brown 09-361 6175
Lester Ching 09-576 4595
Alan Cliffe 09-479 1451
David Cowie 09-630 8220
Diane Timmins 09-415 9066
Editor: Murray Mathieson 09-418 0366


New Zealand

Ordinary membership NZ $35.00 ($5.00
discount if paid before the end of February).
Dual membership (same household) NZ $45.00
($5.00 discount also applies as above).


NZD $45.00. Send all payments to the Treasurer,
Peter Waters, 22 Half Moon Rise, Half Moon
Bay, Auckland 2012.


All general correspondence should be sent to the

Secretary, Bromeliad Society of New Zealand,

P.O. Box 108-168, Symonds Street, Auckland,
New Zealand. The opinions expressed in letters

or articles in the Journal are the contributors’

own views and do not necessarily express the
views or policy of the Bromeliad Society of
New Zealand Inc.

Society Website – For past Journal archive –

growing tips – articles – sales information


Editorial Committee

Dave Anderson
Murray Mathieson
Peter Waters


Murray Mathieson


Don Brown

All enquiries and contributions welcome, please

contact any member of the editorial committee

or send to Peter Waters, 22 Half Moon Rise,
Half Moon Bay, Auckland 2012 or email:
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


For all editorial and advertising, the first

Tuesday of publication month

Display Advertising

Rates are:
Full Page $60.00
Half Page $30.00
Quarter Page $15.00

‘Buy & Swap’

Listings in ‘Buy & Swap’ are FREE for
members of the Society (max. 30 words).

For advertising enquiries and material, please

contact Murray Mathieson ph (09) 418 0366
or email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Questions about
Vriesea philippo-coburgii

– Andrew Wilson. Reprinted (abridged) from ‘The Bromeliad Blade’
(San Diego Bromeliad Society), November 2016
Grown by bromeliad enthusiasts
around the world this is
perhaps the most popular of

all vrieseas. It is tough and able tohandle heat and cold, sun or shade
better than other vrieseas. It providesa reliable, tidy appearance with its
iconic red-tipped leaves. It pups freely

but is not invasive. The inflorescence
opens in July and florets continue to

open in mid-October (see image).
Despite those good points about whicheveryone agrees there are two others
that seldom get answered. ‘How is it

that it never flowers?’ Well, this year

it was answered, if only in part. In San

Diego, at least, it did flower. The other,
‘Where does its name come from?’ is

a more straightforward question and

we’ll address it first.

The species was named ‘philippocoburgii’ in 1880 by the Austrian

botanist Dr. Heinrich Wawra von

Fernsee, the man after whom the genus
Fernseea is named. This was in honour
of Crown Prince August Leopold
Philipp Maria Michael Gabriel
Raphael Gonzaga of Saxe-Coburg-
Gotha. Fortunately, those involved
chose to abbreviate the title. Philipp
was a son of Princess Leopoldina, ofthe royal court of Brazil. Saxe-Coburg
was an area of the Austrian empire that
is now part of the Czech Republic.
The discovery of the species occurred

during a trip Wawra made to Brazil

with the two princes of Saxe-Coburg,

August Philipp and Ferdinand,
respectively. Vriesea philippo-coburgii

is listed as the first of many bromeliads

collected on that memorable trip (see J.
Brom. Soc., Nov.–Dec. 1993).

It is found in the Organ mountains
of Brazil at an altitude of about 2000
ft. near Teresopolis, a town about
40 miles north of Rio de Janeiro. As
described by Adda Abendroth in BSI
Journ. 17 (1967) it grows in the tree

tops of a cloud forest. With plants

perched between their upper branches,
trees can look as though they werein bloom, a spectacular sight when it

does occur. A significant statement in
the article deals with the flowering
habit: ‘Periodicity in flowering is a

mystery. The colony always contains
at least one mature shoot which could
be expected to bloom, but years and

years go by without a single spike.’
So, rare flowering of this vriesea is not
confined to San Diego.

Many people have commented on

the unreliable flowering habit. Paul

Isley http://www.therainforestgarden.
oblivious-to.html declares that it
does not bloom for him without a
cold winter. Growers in the Florida
East Coast Bromeliad Society also
claim the need for cold to prompt

flowering; so do enthusiasts in Sydney,

Australia http://forums.gardenweb.

Blooming plants in Andrew’s garden.
for-vriesea-philippo-coburgiis. In our
group, Dan Kinnard says it would

flower regularly for him in Orange

County but not in the milder weather

of San Diego County. This is the first

time I have managed to get it to bloom
and I suspect the same is true for moreof our members.

These facts would seem to confirm

the need for cold winter conditions.
However, last winter in San Diego was
not unusually cold. The gardens of
Dan, Robert Kopfstein and a numberof other members including myself
experienced no frost. In fact, the winter
was very sunny with daytimes warmer
than usual with the warmest February

on record. So, what happened? After

consulting the weather records the
best explanation I can offer is that
November 2015 was notable for
its clear sunny weather with winds
predominantly from the desert areas

Mass bloom of Vriesea philippo-coburgii

in habitat, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

rather than from the ocean. This led
to warmer days and colder nights for
almost the entire month. Temperatures
in my own garden did not fall below
36ºF (2ºC) but they did drop to 40ºF
quite often during the period, anunusual event. Fruit trees such as
apples, apricots, peaches, plums and
pears require chilling to ensure a
good spring bloom. The behaviour

is quantified through the number

of chilling hours in winter. Some
varieties need 1000 hours below 45ºF,
others require much less. Pomologists
say that bud dormancy is required for
bloom buds to form and in the case of
these fruits, the number of hours below
45ºF is what matters, not the presence

of hard freezes. Whether a mechanism

like this is valid for Vriesea philippocoburgii is not known although it is
tempting to propose as the cause of the
wonderful blooms that we have seen
this year.


New from New Zealand
– By Graeme Barclay
Another stunning new Kiwi hybrid to start the new year off. This plant is certain
to become a true ‘classic’ but will soon be undertaking a slight name change.

Vriesea ‘Jags Hunua Gloss’
John Lambert – 2010 | Reg: March 2016

Mature rosette 43cm diameter x 28cm high. Broad, recurving, shiny, garnet leaves

with dark green / red filagree cross-banding. Outer foliage portions are bronzed
lime green. Erect yellow-bracted inflorescence to 117cm. tall with 16 branched
‘paddles’ and yellow flowers with exserted stigmas.

The parentage formula is; Goudaea opsinae var.
gruberi x Vriesea ‘Angela’.

The cross was made by John Lambert (“Jags”
= John and Agatha’s), the seed was grown
and plants were selected by John Mitchell

(‘Hunua’) hence the combination stable name.
As you can see from the formula above this hybrid

has been affected by the recent reclassification of

the species Vriesea ospinae into the new genus
Goudaea. Therefore, it will soon officially become
a bigeneric, with the new name xVriesgoudaea to
be established by the BSI Cultivar Registrar. All
plants from this cross then become xVriesgoudaea,
including the grex-mate Vriesea ‘Jags Hunua Fire’
that was featured in this series in March 2016.

The outstanding feature here is the wide, dark

and very glossy leaves that form into a uniquely
recurved rosette. While we could expect the
deep crimson colouration and high gloss factors
becoming evident from the Vriesea ‘Angela’ pollen

parent, the leaf form and width seems more of a
mystery, considering neither parent overly exhibits

these traits. Sometimes genetics can combine or
arise from the hidden depths of the either parent’s

DNA to produce a pleasing result, as we are
very lucky to enjoy here. On top of that, the very large, orange flower spike is a
delightful sight, really setting off glossy leaves. This amazing plant won ‘Best NZ
Hybrid’ in the 2016 ‘Fiesta’. It should also be a reasonably hardy outdoor plant,

so experimenting with positioning and light intensity will be a must to ensure the
high-gloss feature of the leaves is fully maintained.


Group News

Bay of Plenty Bromeliad Group

– Lynley Breeze
Lynley welcomed members and visitors to

the November meeting, our final one for

the year. Our Christmas luncheon will be
held at Diana and Cam Durrant’s home at

47 Junction Rd, the Minden.

We discussed our sales day on 12th

November at the Matua Hall, and a new

event – our involvement in the Garden
and Arts Festival at the Pavilion 17th – 20th

It was wonderful to have Graeme Barclay,
president of the BSNZ, speak and show

slides of his recent visit to the world
conference in Houston and his further
travels. We found that he added a lot of
detailed information as he discussed our
plants on display.

Competition results:
Plant of the month – miniature
neoregelias: 1st Dean Morman with
Neoregelia ‘Bumble Bee’, 2nd Kevin
Pritchard with Neoregelia ‘Donger,’ and
3rd Marlene Thomson with Neoregelia
‘Cayenne’. Also tabled were Neoregelia
‘Artura’ and ‘Fireball’.
Open: 1st was Kevin Pritchard with
Vriesea scalaris var viridis. 2nd was Dean
Morman with Vriesea ‘Peppermint Slice’
and 3rd Dean Morman with Vriesea ‘Magic
Boogie’. Also on the table were Neoregelia
‘Totara Skidelicious’, Alcantarea farneyi,
Aechmea nudicaulis var aequalis.

Tillandsia: 1st was Gill Keesing with
Tillandsia imperialis, 2nd was Kevin
Pritchard with Tillandsia multicaulis x
lampropoda , and 3rd was Kevin Pritchard
with Tillandsia deppeana. Also tabled
were Tillandsia geminiflora, recurvifolia
var subsecundifolia and seideliana.
Novice: 1st Margaret Lafaele with
Neoregelia ‘Flaming Lovely’.
‘Show and Tell’ Tillandsia hitchcockiana,

Tillandsia’Tuti Fruiti’, Tillandsia humilis,
Neoregelia ‘King of Kings’.

Next meeting: The open day is on
February 8th. Garden visits on the
following Wednesday February 15th.

Tillandsia Group – Auckland

– Nancy Murphy
The Christmas meeting was held at Larry

and Nancy Murphy’s garden joining with

the South Auckland Bromeliad Group. I
was pleased to see the beautiful Tillandsia
ionantha plants brought along for the
display. Graeme Barclay brought along
three terrestrial plants new to this country
and the spotted one certainly looks
extremely promising.

Next meeting: At Diane Timmins’ garden

– Aztec Bromeliads – 381 Sunnyside Rd,
R.D. 2, Albany, Auckland on 12th February
at 1.30 pm. Please bring a cup, tillandsias
starting with ‘J’, and ‘show and tell’ and
plants for identification. New members are

Eastern Bay of Plenty Bromeliad and
Orchid Group – Ross Fergusson

On Sunday 20th November, 37 of our
members met at the Port Ohope store for
our excellent Christmas luncheon. Ross
congratulated the members who received
awards in the district garden competition.
He also reported on the trip we had to
Auckland to ‘Broms in the Park’. Next
year’s programme was discussed including
our March trip to Whangarei.

The raffle of a lovely big box of assorted
flower plants, donated by Whakatane
Garden Supplies, was won by Barbara

Rodgers. A novelty game was played to

Cont’d P22 21

Cont’d from P21 – Group News

‘win your meal’, back courtesy of the Port
Ohope store and Jeanette Mant was the

happy winner.
This was followed by our random gift
giving of a brom in a bag. It was great
watching the bags being opened and
seeing the new plants that members would
be taking home.

Next meeting: February 19th at Ross and
Gail Fergusson’s at 12 noon – a pot luck
lunch. Sam Brierley will speak on bonsai.
For information on our group contact:

Ross Fergusson 07 312-5487, Maureen
Moffat 07 322-2276, Sue Laurent 07 307


Hawke’s Bay Bromeliad Group

– Pieter Franklin
We held our last meeting for the year on
27th November at the St John Hall, Taradale.
It was enjoyable with a floral artist as our

guest speaker. She gave demonstrations
and plenty of ideas on different ways to use
bromeliads artistically in both temporary
and permanent arrangements.
It was good to see a large and varied

display of flowering tillandsias including
a magnificent clump of Tillandsia bulbosa

grown by Bill Young. A good selection
of plants were once again available on
the sales table and the supper table was

enjoyed by us all.

Competition results:
Flowering: 1st Aechmea ‘Mary Hyde’ –
Wade Smith, 2nd Vriesea guttata – Pieter
Franklin, 3rd Aechmea nudicaulis ‘Flava’
(variegated) – Pieter Franklin.
Non Flowering: 1st Billbergia ‘Domingos

Martins’x‘Estrella’ – Pieter Franklin,
2nd Neoregelia ‘Purple Star’ – Wade Smith,
3rd Vriesea Hawaiian hybrid – Wade Smith.
Miniatures: 1st Neoregelia ‘Alley Cat’ –
Wade Smith, 2nd Neoregelia ‘Ed Prince’ –
Pieter Franklin.

Tillandsias: 1st Tillandsia bulbosa –
Bill Young, 2nd Tillandsia ‘Cupcake’ –
Pieter Franklin, 3rd equal Tillandsia ‘No
Animosity’ – Suzanne Hampton and Bill
Young with Tillandsia fuchsii gracilis.

South Auckland Bromeliad Group

– Hawi Winter
Our Christmas meeting, at Larry and

Nancy Murphy’s place in December
was a great success. It was a combined
South Auckland Group and Tillandsia
Auckland Group affair. The turnout was
superb and we had several display tables

as follows: skite plants, tillandsia exhibits

with special emphasis on Tillandsia
ionantha and outstanding ‘installations’

by Lynette Nash, sale plants and auction
plants, not to mention the masses of

food and deserts. The Murphy’s garden
and glasshouse (with an ingeniously
engineered ventilation system designed
by Larry!) was laced with a challenge.
‘A bi-generic of dubious repute’ had to
be found. Nancy had put a Tillandsia
streptophylla flower into a Kalanchoe
beharensis plant. Many spotted the

trick, but our BSNZ president, Graeme
Barclay, got the prize. The sales,
the auction, the food and the good

company made sure that everybody had
a splendid day out. A big’ thank you’

to Larry and Nancy, our perfect hosts!

Winner of the 2016 Skite competition:
Margaret Flanagan.

Events planned for early 2017:

Sunday 5th February bus trip to

Graeme Barclay’s, Titirangi and Chris

Paterson’s place in Hillsborough.
Sunday 5th March Bus trip to Don Brown’s
place in Thames plus 3 other gardens.
Enquiries/bookings for the bus
trips: Margaret Kitcher phone
09-235 7235 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Sunday 9th April SABG Sale day at the
Manurewa BOT Garden.

Ross and Gail Fergusson’s
Whakatane garden...
through the lens of the bus driver

In late November, the Bay of Plenty group made a very successful bus trip

to Whakatane to visit gardens belonging to the Eastern Bay of Plenty group
members. These glimpses of Ross and Gail’s lovely garden were taken

by our driver for the day – Murray Guy. Interestingly, he is not a member of

any bromeliad group – but we’re sure readers will agree he has an excellent
‘photographers eye’ for a well presented garden.


2017 Bromeliad


saturday 18th and
sunday 19th February

Mt eden War Memorial Hall
489 Dominion road,
Balmoral, auckland

9.00am – 3.00pm both days

• We hope you are preparing your plants.
• Plant sellers... if you haven’t already
done so, please contact president

Graeme Barclay to discuss your space
requirements. Phone 09-817 4153.

• For competition rules and classes please
see page 12 in this Journal.

February 2017VOL 57 NO 2
Mexican adventure: Tillandsia eizii.
Photo Jeanette Waters
• World Conference San Diego 2018• March 5th garden visits• ‘Fiesta’ 2017... first photos

Tillandsia ionantha happy at home on a large Mexican cactus.
Photo Jeanette Waters.

Bromeliad Society of New Zealand Inc A

Bromeliad Journal – February 2017 issue


From Mexico. Tillandsia ionantha – Jeanette Waters 2
President’s Page – Graeme Barclay 4
Bromeliad Society January meeting news – Bev Ching 5
Importance of light – Grant Tychonenko 8
‘Tell the difference’ – Peter Waters 9
World Bromeliad Conference in San Diego, 2018 10
Interesting plants from San Diego – Dave Kennedy 11
‘Special Species Spotlight’ – Graeme Barclay 12
Society garden visits in Auckland, March 5th 14
‘New from New Zealand’ – Graeme Barclay 15
From Mexico. Tillandsia carlos-hankeri – Jeanette Waters 16

Society officers, subs and Journal directory 17

Group News 18
How to ‘treat’ a garden shed – Ross Fergusson 19

STOP PRESS ...‘Fiesta’ 2017 photos – Andrew Devonshire 20

The opinions expressed in articles or letters in this Journal are the contributors’ own views and

do not necessarily express the views or the policy of the Bromeliad Society of New Zealand.

26th Northland Group meeting
28th Society monthly meeting at
Greyfriar’s Hall, corner of Mt Eden and

Windmill roads, starting at 7.30pm. The
Monthly Choice competition: bulbous
tillandsias. Talk and photos by Peter

Waters on his just completed Mexican
adventure trip.


5th Central-West Auckland garden
visits (see page 14 for details)
5th South Auckland Group meeting
28th Society AGM and monthly meeting
at Greyfriar’s Hall, corner of Mt Eden

and Windmill roads, starting at 7.30pm.

The Monthly Choice competition:

Neoregelia chlorosticta ‘Marble Throat’
and hybrids. There will also be a short
discussion on ‘Marble Throat’ hybrids,
possibly led by Peter Coyle and Andrew


Front Cover: Peter and Jeanette Waters, together with Nancy and Larry Murphy,
recently returned from their Mexican adventure trip. In Mexico, once they got up

to the higher altitudes they found amazing tillandsias in abundance... growing on
trees, rocks, fences, just about everywhere. Our front cover group of plants features
a flowering Tillandsia eizii . We have included three photos in this Journal to help set
the scene for a couple of articles coming up from Peter Waters. The first of these will

appear in our March Journal.


Hi everyone,

Unusually this year I am writing
this page BEFORE the ‘Fiesta’ on the
18th and 19th, but you won’t be reading
it until a week AFTER the ‘Fiesta’.
It’s quite strange, as I can neither give
you any pep-talk and reminders about
it, nor see into the future and tell you
what happened! So I’ll leave the thank
yous until next month, but what I can
say now is I hope those of you who
attended to either buy, sell or simply
to see the bromeliads on display had
a great time and thoroughly enjoyed
yourselves. I know you would have,
as it’s always a great weekend, with
plenty of excitement and ‘brom
socialising’ going on.

I can also say that our preparation this
year in terms of ‘Fiesta’ advertising

was excellent. We had flyers, posters,

magazine articles, ‘Heroic Garden’
Tour ticket entry vouchers and social
network advertising all put into action

around the Auckland region. It will be
interesting to see if all of that combined
has made a difference to increase both
numbers or people attending and the

plant sales revenue – I certainly hope

so, for the benefit of everyone.

On Sunday March 5th we have our
Society garden visit day for Auckland

Central-West. While some of my

garden has been sun-blasted over the

last few weeks and a few plants are

stressed, we have been lucky to get a
bit of rain too, so things aren’t looking
too bad. Julia and Ross’ garden and

Carolle’s too are really worth seeing,

so please do make a day of it – bring a

friend and let’s hope for good weather.
Please do take note of the details and

instructions of how to find the gardens

in this Journal (see page 14).

Finally, remember our AGM is coming

up in March and please don’t forget

to pay your 2017 BSNZ membership

fee ASAP (see the renewal form with
the January Journal). Last year we had

quite a number of members paying late

and unfortunately that has an effect

on our cash flow, paying our Journal
costs, settling our ‘Fiesta’ bills etc – so

we ask for your cooperation with this.

There are internet banking options on

the form now to make it quick and
easy and also PLEASE remember to
let us know if your email address has

See you all at the February meeting to
see and hear about the experiences of a
couple of our members on their recent

trip to Mexico.

Cheers, Graeme Barclay


The AGM of the Bromeliad Society of New Zealand will be held
on Tuesday March 28th at Greyfriar’s Hall Mt Eden, at 7.30pm –

immediately before our normal monthly meeting.
Please attend, have your say and get involved in your Society!

Bromeliad Society
January Meeting News

– Notes by Bev Ching, photos by Dave Anderson
President Graeme Barclay

welcomed 54 members to our first

meeting of the year. Members
looked happy to be back and by the
number of plants on the table, plants had
lapped up the warm conditions.

On March 5th our next garden visits will
take place, check this Journal for venue
addresses and times.

Don’t forget if you would like to write an

article for the Journal, accompanied by

photos, our editor, Murray, is very happy
to receive them.

The AGM takes place next meeting. If
you are interested in participating more
in the Society or do not like the way

certain things are being done, or you

have good suggestions to put forward,

then there is no better way than to join

our active committee.

It’s not too late to register for the

Cont’d P6

Winner of ‘Monthly Choice’ (Aechmea
orlandiana and hybrids) – Aechmea orlandiana
‘Snowflake’ (Graeme Barclay)
Winner Open Flowering section –
xNeomea ‘Caribbean Queen’ (Graeme Barclay)
Winner Open Foliage section and
‘Plant of the Month’ – Aechmea
chantinii ‘Samurai’ (Peter Coyle)
More photos on P6

Cont’d from P5 – Bromeliad Society Meeting News

Australian Conference in Caloundra
on the Sunshine Coast in April. Please

check our Society website for details.

The next World Conference is in San
Diego 2018. If you would like to go to
this conference, information is on the BSI

website or on our own Society website.

(also, see page 10 in this Journal). Now

is the time to book your flights to get the
best deal.

Remember our sales table at the monthly
meeting where we have plant labels,
different size pots, hangers and books.

If there is anyone who would like an as
new copy of the ‘Blooming Bromeliads’

by Baensch in English, please phone Bev
09-576 4595 or email bevandlester@ Cost is $200.

If you have changed your postal
address and/or email address, please let
Peter Waters know on 09-534 5616 or
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. That way we can
keep our records up-to-date.

Good luck to all members entering our

‘Fiesta’ Annual Show Competition in


The main raffle prize was won by Lynette

Nash. Door Prizes went to Lester Ching,
Graeme Barclay and Regina Wai.

‘Show and Tell’

Peter Waters took us through the plants

on the table tonight. First up was a Puya
mirabilis, this was a single plant which

had almost finished flowering. The plant
has green petals and white flowers. Puya

Winner Tillandsia section –
Tillandsia capitata ‘Peach’ (Peter Coyle)
Winner Neoregelia section –
Neoregelia ‘MacPink’ x ‘Spines’ (John Blanch)
2nd in Neoregelia section –
Neoregelia ‘Hellacious’ (Graeme Barclay)

mirabilis was very common a few years

back with almost everyone having one in

a pot or in the garden where they can take
up space when allowed to clump up. Next
was an uncommon species from Brazil,
Neoregelia dactyloflammans. Next a
pot of flowering Guzmania sanguinea,
always identified by the bright coloured

leaves and yellow petals. Next a tillandsia
for correction of name, was Tillandsia
olmosana var pachamamae. Next a
Neoregelia ‘Exotica Satin’ a hybrid from

Andrew Steens with what seemed a non

flowering centre. Lastly two plants from

opposite crosses, Neoregelia ‘Ed Prince’
and Neoregelia ‘Tunisia’. Nice dark
leafed plants.

Graeme Barclay gave us an excellent
talk on Aechmea, using as examples a

range of plants he had brought in to the



Open flowering: First was Graeme
Barclay with xNeomea ‘Caribbean
Queen’ with its beautiful dark leaves
with white petals and blue flowers.

Three second equals were Peter Waters
with a flowering Canistrum alagoanum,
with yellow flowers, Graeme Barclay

with Guzmania musaica var rosea, and
Peter Coyle with Lutheria ‘Galaxy’.
Also on the table were Tillandsia
tectorum, Tillandsia mallemontii,
Guzmania ‘Soleda’, xNeophytum ‘Ralph
Davis’, Vriesea ‘Shimar’ hybrid, and an
incorrectly named guzmania.

Open Foliage: First was Aechmea
chantinii ‘Samurai’ belonging to Peter

Coyle, second was John Blanch with
Neoregelia ‘MacPink x ‘Spines’. Also
on the table were Quesnelia ‘Rafael
Oliveira’, a variegated cultivar of
Quesnelia marmorata ‘Tim Plowman’,

Aechmea ‘Ensign’ x Canistrum
triangulare, Canistrum triangulare x
Aechmea ‘Bert’, Vriesea ‘Vista’ F2,
Vriesea ‘Copper Blonde’, Billbergia
‘Caramba’, Vriesea ‘Rose Lime’ hybrid,
Vriesea ‘Midnight Splendor’ x gigantea
seideliana, Aechmea ‘Vaquero’.

Tillandsia: First was Peter Coyle with
Tillandsia capitata ‘Peach’, second was
Nancy Murphy with Tillandsia disticha.
Also on the table were Tillandsia
diaguitensis, Tillandsia velutina,
Tillandsia ‘Aunt Betty’, Tillandsia
capitata ‘Yellow’, Tillandsia flabellata,
Tillandsia reichenbachii, Tillandsia
olmosana v pachamamae.

Neoregelia: First in this section was
John Blanch with Neoregelia ‘MacPink’
x ‘Spines’, second was Graeme
Barclay with Neoregelia Skotak hybrid
‘Hellacious’. Also on the table were

Neoregelia ‘Yang”, Neoregelia ‘Giant’ x
‘Silver’, Neoregelia ‘Captain Moxley’s
Ghost’, Neoregelia ‘Delicious’.

Monthly Choice: First was Graeme
Barclay with Aechmea orlandiana

‘Snowflake’. Second was Peter Coyle

with Aechmea orlandiana ‘Reverse
Ensign’. Also on the table were Aechmea
‘Hunua Purple Patch’, Aechmea
orlandiana ‘Black Beauty’, Aechmea
orlandiana (dark form).

Plant of the Month: Peter Coyle with
Aechmea chantinii ‘Samurai’.

Congratulations to all the winners.

Next meeting: Tuesday 28th February
7.30pm. Plant of the month is bulbous
tillandsias. The talk will be by Peter

Waters on his Mexican tillandsia trip

accompanied by photos.

Light: Its importance
in bromeliad culture

– Grant Tychonenko, Central Coast Bromeliad Society newsletter.
Reprinted in Illawarra ‘Newslink’ October 2014.
Some growers may claim that

their bromeliads may grow

well because of their personally
blended potting mix, or their strict
fertilising regime or even because of
the love they give to their plants.

I have found that although the above
contribute they play nowhere near as

major role in the optimum growth of

a bromeliad as light does. One of the
major reasons bromeliads need light

is to produce the colour in the leaves.
Hechtia texensis, if grown in shade,
stays green throughout the year;
however, if it is grown in full sun it

will take on a deep, blood-red colour.

This usually applies to most neoregelia
species as well. Neoregelia cruenta, if
grown in full sun, will have shortish,
fat leaves and great colouring as well;
when it is grown in the shade it has
long green leaves and less colour. Of
course it is up to the individual on how
he or she would like to grow this plant.

The bromeliad species that have visible

scales – such as Orthophytum gurkenii
and Dyckia marnier-lapostollei –

should be grown in bright light. If they
are, then the scales will be much more

dense than if they are grown in shade,
as some growers think they should

be because of the fact that they are
highly ornamental. To find out which
bromeliads can be grown in full sun ask

any members (because isn’t that what
the Society is all about?) or borrow
books from our library (this is the

reason why it’s there – for research).

But books only generally tell us one

place where a certain species grows
in the wild. But this may not always

be where they would grow to their full
potential. The best way to find out is, if

you have two plants of that species, to
put one out in three-quarters sunlight
and the other in shade, in amongst other
plants (for shelter) and see which does

best. If the plant in the three-quarters
sun does best (say over a 6 to 12 month

period) slowly increase the light level
until it grows to its optimum level. This
is something that not many growers do

– experiment. Let’s face it, it’s the only
way if you can’t find out from another
grower or book. (You also find out how

plants respond in your own special
growing environment. Ed.)

Overall, I seem to think that light is the
most important factor in the growth

of bromeliads due to the fact that in
two light extremes a bromeliad can
either be knocking on heaven’s door or

So, go on, get the light level for

bromeliads just right – it could help

you take out Grand Champion at the
next show. You never know!

a regular column from Peter Waters
Tillandsia karwinskyana and Tillandsia pringlei

Both Tillandsia karwinskyana and
Tillandsia pringlei are present in New

Zealand, having been imported by Len

Trotman in the early 1990s. They are often

confused by their similarity as is evident
from their botanical history. Tillandsia
karwinskyana was described in 1830 and is
found in eastern central Mexico. Tillandsia
pringlei from the same area was originally
made synonymous with Tillandsia utriculata

in 1935, but in 1951 Lyman Smith moved it

into synonymy with Tillandsia karwinskyana.

In 1984 Sue Gardner transferred it back to
utriculata as a subspecies. This gives some

indication of the indecision that has followed
it. Just recently Eric Gouda has decided that
it deserves the status of species and it is now
Tillandsia pringlei.

The size of pringlei tends to be a little larger
than karwinskyana, but when not in flower,
the only difference is in the type of surface.
Tillandsia pringlei has lepidote (or scurfy)
leaves, while karwinskyana leaves are
tomentose. This means hairy and they are

distinctly more fluffy.

When the plants are flowering it should be

easier to differentiate as karwinskyana has
chartreuse (yellowish-green) petals which are

relatively firm and regular. On the other hand

pringlei has creamy-white, thin petals which
twist at the apex at anthesis (fully open).

Tillandsia karwinskyana
Tillandsia pringlei

Warm greetings from the San Diego Bromeliad Society!
As you may already know we are hosting the 2018 World Bromeliad
Conference. This will be the third WBC that will be held in San Diego,
We are eagerly looking forward to seeing you in our historic city
— Juan Cabrillo landed here in 1514, only 22 years after Columbus
made his voyage to the new world.
Registration for the 2018 conference, May 29 to June 3 has begun.
February 28, 2017 is the deadline for a discounted registration fee.
If you register prior to March 1, your cost will be US$350. After that
date the price increases to US$390 until May 1, 2018. All registrations
after May 1, 2018 will be at the door at the rate of US$425.00.
The site of the conference will be the Paradise Point Resort, situated
near downtown San Diego on Mission Bay. The hotel sets on 42 acres
of subtropical landscape, with views of the harbor, the bay, and the
Pacific Ocean, and all rooms are on ground level. The rate for the
hotel is US$184 + taxes for double occupancy. For all persons staying
at Paradise Point we have planned extra tours and activities during
the conference.
Come join us in 2018, not only for the conference with its show,
sale, speakers, tours, dinner and auction, but also the San Diego
Conference chairs,
Scott Sandel and Nancy Groves
Look for the link in the Conference Corner WBC 2018 on the web page.
2018 World Bromeliad Conference in San
San Diego...

Interesting plants
from San Diego...
– From Dave Kennedy
(‘Bromeliad Blade’ – February 2017)
An interesting bigeneric is xCryptananas ‘Pink
Utopia’, a cross between undetermined species
of Cryptanthus and Ananas. The resultant ‘fruit’
is a colourful little charmer.
Tillandsia ‘Sentry’ is a John Arden hybrid of
lampropoda x deppeana, and its plain-Jane green
foliage produces a striking inflorescence.

By Graeme Barclay
We have something a little different to look at this month, but it’s
something with a beautiful bloom that is not a common sight in this

Guzmania ‘Madam Omer Morobe’

Guzmania ‘Madam Omer Morobe’ rosette in bloom – PHOTO GrAeMe BArClAy

Guzmania ‘Madam
Omer Morobe’ closeup of inflorescence

Guzmania ‘Madam Omer Morobe’

This gorgeous variegated
guzmania has a somewhat
mysterious and uncertain
history. It was developed by Mr. Omer
Morobe in his Belgian nursery and first
introduced at the ‘Floralies’ flower
show in Ghent, Belgium in 1975.
At this time it was known as Guzmania
‘Mme. Omer Morobe’ but has ended
up being registered in the BCR as
Guzmania ‘Madam Omer Morobe’.
There is also a plant registered as only
Guzmania ‘Omer Morobe’, but there is
no record to say or show if this plant is
variegated, or not. All a bit confusing,
but to align with the BCR entries we
will stick with Guzmania ‘Madam
Omer Morobe’as being the valid name.

This plant is actually a variegated
form of the species Guzmania zahnii.
I purchased my young plant at a sale
two or three years ago where it was
labelled Guzmania zahnii (variegated),
which is not incorrect, but as we have
seen, it should technically be known
by its cultivar name. Unlike other

genera, variegated guzmania species
are very rare, which is quite surprising

given there are around 220 described
species, many of which have been in

cultivation for well over 100 years.

Guzmania zahnii comes from
the humid forests of Panama and
Costa Rica, where it mainly grows
epiphytically at altitudes up to 1400

metres. It was first discovered there
in 1870 and flowered in cultivation in
1873. The highly ornamental bright
yellow inflorescence, set off by the red
flushed scape bracts and red pin-striped

leaves, has made this species a prime
candidate for mass propagation. It was

also used extensively in hybridizing

in the 1880’s and early 1900’s, even

to produce bigeneric xGuzvriesea
hybrids. In later years, Dutch and
Belgian nurseries such as Morobe’s

would have also produced many
thousands of these plants grown from
seed and perhaps tissue culture too, so

it is highly likely Omer Morobe found

and nurtured a variegated Guzmania
zahnii seedling in the early 1970’s.

Interestingly, Omer is also famous for

finding a variegated seedling amongst

Neoregelia ‘Marechalii’, that was
developed into what we now know
as Neoregelia ‘Caroline Tricolor’
(formerly Neoregelia carolinae var.
tricolor), but that’s another story for

another ‘Spotlight’.

Unfortunately, this spectacular plant
is not very easy to grow well and is

probably the reason it is relatively

rare in New Zealand. In our temperate
climate with cool winters, I have found
it suffers from regular lower leaf cold-

spotting and leaf-tip die-back. To
grow a specimen in even reasonable

condition to a size of around a metre

diameter is a definite challenge and

requires diligent attention. Firstly,

it must be housed in a warm and
preferably humid greenhouse that

is heated in winter. The mix must

be keep well fertilized and the plant

regularly watered or misted to prevent
the leaves from drying out, as they
are extremely thin and delicate. Even
with greenhouse heating to 9 degrees
minimum during winter nights, I still

suffered some cold damage on my
plant. However there are two things I

did not do that may have been a factor
in this. Firstly, while I used sufficient

granular fertilizer in the mix, I did not

regularly foliar feed it, maybe only

three or four times when spraying
other seedlings. Secondly, I always
watered it with town supply water,
not rain water. It is well known that
some sensitive guzmania and vriesea
species prefer pure rainwater to grow

well, so I will try these two things on
the emerging pups and see if it makes
a difference.

For all the hassle, I still enjoy the
challenge of trying to overcome the

difficulties in growing some of these

tender species – and it sure is worth it

when you are rewarded with beautiful
blooms like we see with Guzmania
‘Madam Omer Morobe’.

Sunday March 5th
Visit gardens anytime between 10:00am and 2:00pm, in any order.
• Ross and Julia Walker – 72 New Windsor Road, Avondale
Please park on the road only.
• Carolle and John Roberts – 24 Niagara Crescent, Lynfield
Please park on the road and look for 24 white letterbox, down right-of-way.
• Graeme and Jeanene Barclay – 109 Takahe Road, Titirangi
If using GPS, put in 107 Takahe Road, otherwise GPS will likely take you
down the wrong end of Takahe. (Take the ‘No Exit’ Takahe Road to the
RIGHT at the very top of Avonleigh Rd).
Please park on road unless you need help walking, in which case you
can drive up and turn around at the house. At very end of the cul-de-sac
look for 109 white letterbox and, walk/drive 100 metres up the centre
driveway – we are first driveway off that on the right. Must have good
walking shoes. Please take extra care on the driveway, steps and paths
during your visit, especially if wet.
We have a large deck to relax, you are welcome to bring your lunch and
will have free tea, coffee and cold drinks from 10.00am.
Enjoy the plants... enjoy the company!

New from New Zealand
– By Graeme Barclay
This brightly coloured neoregelia is one of the many stand-out new ‘minis’being produced by our Kiwi hybridisers.

Neoregelia ‘Totara Ace High’
Peter Coyle – 2010 | Reg: November 2014

Small rosette to 16cms. diameter x
12.5cms high. Wide green leaves with
broken red cross-banding. Stolons to
12cms long.

The parentage formula is Neoregelia
‘Wild Tiger’ x Neoregelia ‘Felix’.

While this plant was registered over
two years ago, very few (if any) plants

have been released, so it remains a
‘newbie’ on the local scene. Peter has

successfully used Neoregelia ‘Wild

Tiger’ in his breeding programme

over the past seven years, with almost
30 plants registered to date. As can

be seen in Peter’s catalogue on the

BSI Cultivar Register (BCR) of these

hybrids, it has proved to be an excellent
parent at passing on the bright red and

yellow colouration and the interesting
‘marmazon’ pattern to its progeny.

A ‘marmazon’ is a term coined

by hybridists that combines both

marmoration (spotting) and zonation

(banding patterns) into a hybrid

leaf pattern. If you look closely at
a marmazon leaf (as shown with
Neoregelia ‘Totara Ace High’), you can
see this patterning is very evident. The
red marmazon patterning is actually
superimposed over the green leaves,
creating an interesting reversed out

Neoregelia ‘Totara Ace High’

effect. When the leaves become more

golden in colour in high light when
any fertiliser wears off, the contrast
with the red patterns is accentuated,
creating a visually stunning plant.

As can be seen in the photo, Neoregelia

‘Totara Ace High’ also possesses long

stolons, making it a superb plant for

growing in a clump, particularly in a

hanging basket. Experimenting with
light (as high as possible) and fertiliser

levels (when young and allowing to
taper off with minimal top-ups) will

ensure a good balance between pup

production to quickly form the clump,

while attaining bright colours and

compact form.


Mexican adventure: Tillandsia carlos-hankii. Photo Jeanette Waters

In our March and April Journals we will be featuring many more colourful Mexican
tillandsias from the recent discovery journey made by Peter and Jeanette Waters and
larry and Nancy Murphy.



Patron: Patricia Sweeney
President: Graeme Barclay 09-817 4153
Vice Presidents: Jocelyn Coyle 09-416 8272
Chris Paterson 09-625 6707
Secretary: Bev Ching 09-576 4595
Treasurer: Peter Waters 09-534 5616
Life Members: Dave Anderson, Patricia Perratt,
Patricia Sweeney, Peter Waters

Scientific Officer: Peter Waters 09-534 5616
Librarian: Noelene Ritson 09-625 8114
Committee: Dave Anderson 09-638 8671
Don Brown 09-361 6175
Lester Ching 09-576 4595
Alan Cliffe 09-479 1451

David Cowie 09-630 8220
Diane Timmins 09-415 9066
Editor: Murray Mathieson 09-418 0366


New Zealand

Ordinary membership NZ $35.00 ($5.00
discount if paid before the end of February).
Dual membership (same household) NZ $45.00
($5.00 discount also applies as above).


NZD $45.00. Send all payments to the Treasurer,
Peter Waters, 22 Half Moon Rise, Half Moon
Bay, Auckland 2012.


All general correspondence should be sent to the

Secretary, Bromeliad Society of New Zealand,

P.O. Box 108-168, Symonds Street, Auckland,
New Zealand. The opinions expressed in letters
or articles in the Journal are the contributors’

own views and do not necessarily express the
views or policy of the Bromeliad Society of
New Zealand Inc.

Society Website – For past Journal archive –

growing tips – articles – sales information


Editorial Committee

Dave Anderson
Murray Mathieson
Peter Waters


Murray Mathieson


Don Brown

All enquiries and contributions welcome, please
contact any member of the editorial committee

or send to Peter Waters, 22 Half Moon Rise,
Half Moon Bay, Auckland 2012 or email:

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


For all editorial and advertising, the first
Tuesday of publication month

Display Advertising

Rates are:
Full Page $60.00
Half Page $30.00
Quarter Page $15.00

‘Buy & Swap’

Listings in ‘Buy & Swap’ are FREE for

members of the Society (max. 30 words).

For advertising enquiries and material, please
contact Murray Mathieson ph (09) 418 0366

or email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Group News

Northland Bromeliad Group

– Nancy Peters
Our January meeting was held at
the home of Stacy and John Ellison
in Tutukaka. Sandra welcomed 23

members, one visitor and received
7 apologies. She thanked Stacy for
inviting us to her home and beautiful

gardens overlooking the Tutukaka

October ‘Show & Tell’ Competition

1st Don Nicholson – Billbergia ‘Foster’s
Striate’, 2nd = Sue Hunter – Vriesea
‘Margot’, 2nd = Pat Vendt – Neoregelia
‘Nerissa’, 2nd = Graeme Smithyman

– Tillandsia deppeana, 2nd = Lynsie
McMahon – Vriesea (unknown)
Next meeting: Sunday 26th February,
1.30pm at Whangarei Quarry Gardens,

17a Russell Road, Whangarei.

South Auckland Bromeliad Group

– Nancy Murphy
The first meeting of the year was a bus

trip to Graeme and Jeanene Barclay’s
garden in Titirangi.

We had a stop at Rogers Nursery on
the way through and several miniature
orchids were purchased. Lunch was a
picnic at Blockhouse Bay Beach and
then onto Titirangi.

Graeme’s passion for species was
evident and it was pleasing to see

so many in flower. Many plants that
were of great interest to our members

were recent imports from Australia
and the acquisitive traits of some

bromeliad addicts were very evident.

Graeme is having great success with

hybridisation, presently; the black

prickles of the ‘Shark’ series had my
undivided attention. Refreshments on
the deck gave us all a great view of the

lower garden and to be able to view
the plants from above added a further

dimension to a great garden.

The March 5th 2017 meeting is the last

summer bus trip and will be to Thames

to see Don Brown’s new retirement
property. A further three gardens have

been organised.

Please don’t forget our
Society Central – West garden visits
Mark your calendars.
See page 14 in this Journal for addresses and details.

How to ‘treat’ a garden shed

– Photos from the garden of Ross Fergusson in Whakatane
Ross Fergusson from Whakatane
decided that ‘enough was (not
quite) enough’ and gave his
humble garden shed a makeover and awhole new role – supporting an arrayof colourful bromeliads. As they say,
when you really ‘love broms’ you
can always find a new way to display


And now
Bromeliads top air cleaners
in New York study

– Reprinted from ‘Commercial Horticulture’, October/November 2016
When it comes to which plants
are the most effective at removing
pollutants from the air, bromeliads
are a clear winner.

That’s the conclusion of recent
research at the State University of
New York. Dr Vadoud Niri of the
chemistry faculty and some of his

undergraduate students have been
testing houseplants for their ability

to clean the air of ‘volatile organic
compounds’ which are potentially
hazardous chemicals like acetone,

benzene, formaldehyde or toluene.

These compounds can be given off
as gas by everyday products like

furniture, paints, household cleaners,

building materials, carpet etc.

The plants tested were jade plant,

spider plant, bromeliad, a tree cactus

and dracaena. They were placed in

a specially built 76 litre chamber
and their ability to absorb a range of

eight potentially toxic chemicals was
measured over time.

The testing showed all of the plants
were effective at removing the
pollutants to some degree or other

with the bromeliad coming out on top
by removing at least 80 percent of

six different compounds in a 12-hour

Preliminary results of the ongoing
research were presented at the
American Chemical Society annual

conference in September.

2017 Bromeliad

Early photos from

For now, here’s a few quick images of another extremely successful ‘Fiesta’ show and
sale – held on February 18th and 19th. Well done (again) everyone!

We will have full coverage of the ‘Fiesta’ and show competition results and heaps of
great photos to show you in our March Journal. These photos by Andrew Devonshire.

Tillandsia eizii
(Graeme Barclay)
Guzmania kareniae
(Graeme Barclay)
Tillandsia tectorum
(lynette Nash)
Vriesea ‘Tickled Pink Hybrid’ Best Bromeliad Arrangement
(John Mitchell) (Judy Graham)

March 2017
VOL 57 NO 3
2017 ‘Fiesta’ show results and photos
Mexico… amazing tillandsias

New from New Zealand
– By Graeme Barclay
Our new plant this month has a special feature, further enhancing the legacyof top-shelf Kiwi bred vrieseas.

Vriesea ‘Hunua Pixie’
John Mitchell – 2008 | Reg: November 2016

Mature, open rosette to 54cm
diameter x 40cm high. Creamy green

leaves flushed pink with squiggly,
thin dark green cross-bands and red
‘fingernails’. A distinctive feature of
this hybrid is the lifelong stable fine
matrix of red spots which contribute
to the leaf pattern. Erect or recurved
upward spike to 90cm tall with cream
bracts stippled pink and yellow
flowers. Glyph Group. Grex siblings =

Vr. ‘Hunua Fireburst’, ‘Hunua Simply

Red’ , ‘Hunua Elf’.

Vriesea ‘Hunua Pixie’
The parentage formula is Vriesea
‘Kiwi Delight F2’ x Vriesea ‘Midnight


As we saw in April 2016 with this
plant’s grex sibling, Vriesea ‘Hunua
Fireburst’, the genetic mix of both
parent plants have combined
favourably once again, to create
another wonderfully coloured and

patterned plant. This is the third plant
of this cross that John has registered
(other grex siblings noted above).

Most of the progeny of this cross have
a high concentration of anthocyanin
leaf pigment genes, which create the
vibrant red, pink, cerise and purple

colours. The BCR description above

also highlights the uniformly spread

fine red spots, which appear a ‘lively

pink’ upon the lighter coloured leaf

background. This adds an extra

dimension to this plant, creating a
unique feature that sets it apart from
many other ‘glyph type’ vriesea


Like most other highly coloured
foliage bromeliads, Vriesea ‘Hunua

Pixie’ is best grown in filtered or

dappled shade in morning sun in order
to maintain the colour intensity and

fine red spotting.

Bromeliad Society of New Zealand Inc

Bromeliad Journal – March 2017 issue

‘New from New Zealand’ – Graeme Barclay 2
President’s Page – Graeme Barclay 4
‘Buy & Swap’ 4
Bromeliad Society February meeting news – Dave Anderson 5
‘Fiesta’ 2017… trophy winners, full show results and lots of photos 8
‘Special Species Spotlight’ – Graeme Barclay 14
Tillandsias… amazing in Mexico – Peter Waters 16
Society officers, subs and Journal directory 17
Group News 21
March garden visits in Auckland – Alan J. Thomson 22

The opinions expressed in articles or letters in this Journal are the contributors’ own views and
do not necessarily express the views or the policy of the Bromeliad Society of New Zealand.


Please see the Group News section starting on page 21 for details of group meeting

times and venues.

26th Northland Group meeting.
28th Society AGM and monthly meeting
at Greyfriar’s Hall, corner of Mt Eden

and Windmill roads, starting at 7.30pm.

The monthly choice competition:
Neoregelia chlorosticta ‘Marble Throat’

and hybrids. There will also be a short

discussion on ‘Marble Throat’ and



9th South Auckland Group plant sale.
Please see advertisement on page 6.
12th Bay of Plenty Group meeting.
25th Society monthly meeting at
Greyfriar’s Hall, corner of Mt Eden

and Windmill roads, starting at 7.30pm.

The monthly choice competition:

Dark foliage plants. There will be a

PowerPoint presentation about the 2017
Australasian conference being held at

30th Tillandsia Group – Auckland meet.

Front Cover: John Mitchell was just one of many brom enthusiasts who couldn’t

wait to get their cameras out to record the range of stunning plants on display at
‘Fiesta’ 2017 over the weekend of February 18th and 19th. We have full results and
lots of photos in this issue – just a shame we don’t have the space to print more
photos – but we hope you enjoy the coverage.


Hi everyone,
I am delighted to report that
our annual ‘Fiesta’ Show and
Sale last month was another great
success. Compared to last year, we had
increases in plant sales, entries into
the competition and numbers through
the door, which was a very pleasing
result on all three fronts. Some of our
advertising efforts must have certainly
paid dividends, so a big THANK YOU
to all those members who participated
in helping ‘spread the word’ – every
little bit helps to make a difference.
There were certainly some wonderful
plants on show in both the display
and competition this year, including
a number of amazing Kiwi hybrids,
which was great to see. For those who
didn’t make it along, I do hope you enjoy
the photos in this issue and are hopefully
inspired to come along next year!

Some further special ‘Fiesta’
acknowledgements – To David Cowie

and Judy Graham for their top effort

on the till for the sales plants; Noelene
Ritson and Laura Weber for putting
together the wonderful foyer plant
display that gained so many positive

comments. These people perform their

roles without an issue every year, which

is much appreciated by all. Also, to those

members from the Northland and Bay of
Plenty groups who made the trip – thank

you for your support. We would certainly

like to see more groups from around the
country at the ‘Fiesta’ in future, you are

all most welcome.

Another financial year for our Society is

nearing an end and we have our annual
AGM at our monthly meeting coming up
on March 28th. It’s not too late to stand

for any of the officer positions or join

the BSNZ committee, we really would

like another member or two to join our
group. The workload is easy and it is
very enjoyable being able to participate
helping run your Society. If you are

interested, please call me before the 28th

– phone 09-817 4153.
Finally, this is my last ‘President’s

Page’ in my three year stint as president.

While it has been challenging at times

trying to fit in work, family and garden
commitments, I have thoroughly enjoyed

the role and helping run the monthly

meetings. A special thanks to all those

who assisted me during my tenure and

helped keep the Society ticking along.

See you at the AGM on the 28th with
your “Neoregelia ‘Marble Throat’ &
Hybrids” for the plant of the month and



Graeme Barclay

I am hoping to find an Aechmea

‘Rakete’. If you can help please

contact Scott McLoon at
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

or on 021 0246 1611

To buy or swap please

Edmundoa ‘Alvim Siedel’
(albomarginated Edmundoa

Graeme Barclay – ph. 09-817 4153

We will publish Buy or Swap notices from
members of the Society. Maximum 30 words.
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or post
to: 14 Matanui St, Northcote, North Shore City.

Bromeliad Society
February Meeting News

– Dave Anderson
Graeme Barclay chaired the
meeting and welcomed
members and visitors including
those new members who had joined
at the’ Fiesta’. Graeme said that the
‘Fiesta’ numbers were up 15% on last
year and thanked all those members
who had worked hard and helped
make it the success it was. The overall
quality of the show plants this year was

The AGM will be held next month
on March 28th at 7.30pm. The normal
monthly meeting will follow the AGM.

The trophies for the various class

winners were then presented.

Peter Waters once again took us through

the ‘Show and Tell’ plants. First up

for display was Aechmea hoppii that
was formerly a Streptocalyx and was

in full flower. The flower head was

quite striking with its twisted white

sepals and petals. Graeme said that

this particular clone of the species was

cold hardy so should do well in NZ.

Next up was a plant wanting a name

– Wittrockia cyathiformis that was
flowering for the first time in 10 years.

It had been grown in deep shade and
was quite green – it really needs much
brighter light, up to full sun, when the
plant will get some colour in the leaves

and flower every year or so. The giant

form of Vriesea lubbersii was brought

in for display. It is much larger than the

common smaller form that many people

have. It is to be noted that this species

was wrongly named in NZ for many
years as Vriesea corcovadensis. Lastly
a plant wanting a name, with the owner
asking if it was Tillandsia ‘Maya’ - a
Guatemalan natural hybrid Tillandsia
xerographica x capitata. There is a

photo of this plant in the 1998 ‘New
Tillandsia Handbook’ by Hiroyuki

Takizawa on p.113 and described as a

caulescent large plant some 50cm high

with soft succulent leaves. As this plant

was somewhat smaller it was probably
one of the many forms of Tillandsia
capitata. For further information on
Tillandsia capitata please read some
great articles written by Derek Butcher

on the internet.

Following ‘Show and Tell’, Peter
Waters gave a wonderful PowerPoint
presentation of a two week botanical
tour through Mexico looking at their

fantastic tillandsias. Peter and Jeanette

were on the tour led by Pamela Koide

in January 2017.

The special raffle was won by Graeme
Barclay. The door prizes went to
Margaret Bramley, Jenny Green and
David Cowie.


Open Flowering: First was Judy

Graham with a Billbergia ‘Domingos
Martins’ that was also one of three

plants voted plant of the month.

Second was Peter Coyle with Vriesea

‘Phillip’. Also in the competition were

Aechmea andersonii, farinosa var.
conglomerata, fasciata (variegated),

Cont’d P6

Cont’d from P5 – Bromeliad Society Meeting News

fasciata (albo-marginated), ‘Kiwi’,
nudicaulis var. aureorosea; Billbergia
‘Domingos Martins’; Neoregelia
‘Break of Day’, ‘Punctate’ x ‘Sam
Smith’ and xNeophytum ‘Gary

Open Foliage: Andrew Devonshire
was first with his Dyckia ‘Arizona’ x
‘Bangkok Star’ that was another one

of the plants voted plant of the month.

Peter Coyle was second with Billbergia

‘Golden Joy’ x ‘Hallelujah’. In the

competition were Canistrum ‘Vania
Leme’ hybrid, xCanmea (Canistrum
triangulare x Aechmea ‘Bert’),
Dyckia ‘Arizona’ x ‘Bangkok Star’,
Neoregelia ‘Tawa Tiger’, ‘Agent Mal’
x bahiana and Vriesea ‘Hot Disco’


Tillandsia: Dave Anderson was first

with a mounted clump of Tillandsia
x correalei. Second was Lynette Nash
with Tillandsia xerographica. There
were also on the table Tillandsia
‘Bunny’s Little Favourite’, flagellata,
ehlersiana, ehlersiana x streptophylla
and xerographica.

Neoregelia: Diana Holt was first equal

with Neoregelia ‘Tawa Cosmic Child’
and Peter Coyle with a Neoregelia

‘Totara Starling’. In the competition

were Neoregelia ‘Aussie Red Tiger’,
dayvidiana, ‘Downs Paint’, ‘Dream
Stick’, ‘Indigo’ x (‘Little Dazzler’ x

‘Marble Throat)’, ‘Jewellery Shop’,

‘Mai Snow Pheasant’, ‘Tawa Beauty’

and ‘Tara Tiger’.

Named Monthly Plant (Bulboustillandsias): First was Peter Coyle
with Tillandsia streptophylla that was
also one of three plants voted plant of

the month. Second was Lynette Nash

with a clump of Tillandsia bulbosa
hybrid. Also in the competition were
two Tillandsia ehlersiana.

Three people had equal points for
plant of the month – Peter Coyle with
Tillandsia streptophylla, Andrew
Devonshire with Dyckia ‘Arizona’ x

‘Bangkok Star’ and Judy Graham with
a Billbergia ‘Domingos Martins’.
Congratulations to all the winners.

NEXT MEETING: Tuesday 28th


*Bromeliads *Palms *Cycads
Sunday April 9th • 9am to 3pm
Manurewa Botanic Gardens
*Free entry *Rare plants
*Affordable prices
the South Auckland Bromeliad Group and the Palm and Cycad Society
present their

From the February meeting – photos by Dave Anderson…

Billbergia ‘DomingosMartins’ (Judy Graham).
First in open floweringsection and one of three
plants voted overall‘plant of the month’.
Dyckia ‘Arizona’ x ‘Bangkok Star’
(Andrew Devonshire). First in openfoliage section and also one ofthree plants voted overall ‘plant ofthe month’.
Tillandsia streptophylla(Peter Coyle). Firstin ‘Monthly Choice’
(Bulbous tillandsias)
and also one of three
plants voted overall‘plant of the month’.
Tillandsia x correalei (Dave Anderson).
First in tillandsia section.
Neoregelia ‘tara Cosmic Child’ (Diana
Holt). First equal in neoregelia section.
Neoregelia ‘totara Starling’ (Peter Coyle).
Also first equal in neoregelia section.

2017 Bromeliad 2017 ANNUAL SHOW


• Best Billbergia
Billbergia ‘Totara Universe’

• Best Neoregelia
Neoregelia ‘Hot Embers’

• Best Vriesea
Vriesea ‘Tiger Tim’

• Most Points of the Show
• Champion of the Show
Vriesea ‘Tiger Tim’


• Best tillandsia
Tillandsia tectorum

• Best Artistic Arrangement

• Best Bromeliad speciesHohenbergia leopoldo-


• Best Aechmea
Aechmea correia-araujoi

• Best Guzmania
Guzmania kareniae


• Best N. Z. HybridNeoregelia ‘tara Beauty’
• Best Miniature Bromeliad
Neoregelia ‘tara Cosmic

• Best Bromeliad

Class 1 – Aechmea

1st Graeme Barclay Aechmea correia-araujoi

2nd Peter Coyle Aechmea comata var.

3rd Graeme Barclay Aechmea aquilega

Class 3 – Billbergia

1st Peter Coyle Billbergia ‘Totara Universe’
2nd David Cowie Billbergia ‘Domingos
3rd John Mitchell Billbergia ‘Hallelujah’ x ‘
Hazy Purple’

Class 4 – Cryptanthus & orthophytum

1st Peter Coyle Orthophytum magalhaesii
2nd Peter Coyle Cryptanthus zonatus
3rd Dave Dawson Cryptanthus ‘Fine


Class 5 – Guzmania

1st Graeme Barclay Guzmania kareniae
2nd Peter Waters Guzmania vittata
3rd Peter Waters Guzmania patula

Class 6 – Bromeliad Species

1st John Mitchell

2nd Peter Coyle
3rd John Mitchell

Class 7 – Neoregelia

1st Peter Coyle

Catopsis subulata
Hohenbergia edmundoi

Neoregelia ‘Absolutely

2nd Andrew Devonshire Neoregelia

 ‘Sunfire Pheasant’

3rd Graeme Barclay Neoregelia bahiana

Class 8 – Neoregelia midi size

1st Andrew Devonshire Neoregelia (‘Tascha’ x
‘Clarice’) x ‘Golden

2nd Peter Coyle Neoregelia ‘Moon Dust’

3rd Peter Coyle Neoregelia ‘Punctate’ x
‘Jewellery Shop’

2017 Bromeliad

Class 9 – Nidularioides Class 21 – Pitcairnioideae

1st Diana Holt Nidularium atalaiense 1st Andrew Devonshire Dyckia ‘Arizona’ x
2nd Peter Coyle Nidularium angustifolium ‘Bangkok Star’
3rd Peter Waters Canistrum alagoanum 2nd Andrew Devonshire Dyckia delicata x

Class 10 – tillandsia Small Blooming 3rd Peter Coyle Pitcairnia burle-marxii’
1st Lynette Nash Tillandsia funckiana
2nd Lynette Nash Tillandsia ‘Amethyst’ Class 23 – Dish or tray garden or novelty planting
3rd Peter Coyle Tillandsia tenuifolia (rubra) 1st Judy Graham

2nd Judy Graham
Class 11 – tillandsia Small Foliage 3rd Lynette Nash
1st Peter Waters Tillandsia magnusiana
2nd Lynette Nash Tillandsia ‘Anwyl Ecstasy’ Class 24 – Bromeliad arrangement
3rd Peter Waters Tillandsia burle-marxii 1st Judy Graham

2nd Judy Graham
Class 14 – tillandsia Large Blooming 3rd Lynette Nash
1st Lynette Nash Tillandsia xerographica
2nd Peter Coyle Tillandsia riohondoensis Class 25 – Artistic or floral arrangement
3rd Lynette Nash Tillandsia ‘Pukerua Show’ 1st Lynette Nash

2nd Lynette Nash
Class 15 – tillandsia Large Foliage 3rd Betty Goss
1st Lynette Nash Tillandsia tectorum
2nd Lynette Nash Tillandsia tectorum Class 26 – Decorative container
3rd Peter Coyle Tillandsia jalisco-monticola 1st Lynette Nash

2nd Peter Coyle
Class 16 – Vriesea Blooming 3rd Peter Coyle
1st John Mitchell Vriesea ‘Jags Hunua

Fountain’ Class 27 – Hanging container

1st Peter Coyle Neoregelia ‘Hot
Class 17 – Vriesea Foliage Embers’
1st Peter Coyle Vriesea ‘Tiger Tim’ 2nd Andrew Devonshire Neoregelia ‘Life Candy’
2nd John Mitchell Vriesea ‘Midnight 3rd Andrew Devonshire Neoregelia ‘Mai Snow

Splendor’ x gigantea var. Pheasant’
3rd Graeme Barclay Vriesea ‘Majestic’ hybrid Class 28 – New Zealand Hybrid

1st Diana Holt Neoregelia ‘Tara
Class 18 – Bigeneric or other unlisted genus Beauty’ (Diana Holt)
1st Graeme Barclay xCanmea ‘Repton’ 2nd Graeme Barclay xNeorockia Neoregelia
2nd John Mitchell xCanmea (Canistrum ‘Blushing Tiger’ x

triangulare x Aechmea Wittrockia Leopardinum’
‘Bert’) (Graeme Barclay)
3rd Peter Coyle xHohenmea ‘Shintaro 3rd Peter Coyle Billbergia ‘Totara Lab
Turtle’ 89’ (Peter Coyle)

Class 19 – Miniature bromeliad Class 29 – original Bromeliad Artwork

1st Diana Holt Neoregelia ‘Tara Cosmic 1st Andrew Devonshire
Child’ 2nd Andrew Devonshire
2nd Diana Holt Neoregelia ‘Tara
Dimples’ Class 30 – Educational Display
3rd Peter Coyle Neoregelia ‘Tiger Cat’ x 1st Diana Holt
‘Jewellery Shop’ 2nd David Goss

Class 20 – Variegated bromeliad

1st Graeme Barclay Neoregelia ‘Satsuma Gem’
2nd Peter Coyle Quesnelia ‘Rafael Oliveira’
3rd Peter Coyle Neoregelia ‘Scorpio’

2017 Bromeliad

Annual Show Judging Review 2017

– Dave Anderson
This year’s annual competitive
show was held as usual at the
Mt Eden War Memorial Hall in
February as part of our ‘Fiesta’ and two
day sale. The number of entries was
20% up on last year, being just short
of 200 in total. The overall quality of
the exhibits was very good, especially
considering the long cold wet spring
and the late summer that we have
had. Another pleasing feature was
the increase in the number of plants
entered into the class of Cryptanthus
or Orthophytum and the class of
Guzmania where we have had very
low entries in recent years.

While the show entries were generally
of a high standard, there were some

that had simple faults. These include:

1. Pots that were dirty and/or
2. Unstable, wobbly plants that
were loose and in their pots.

These should have been repotted
several months prior to the


3. Plants with spider webs.
4. Some plants with many leaves
trimmed, some quite roughly;
plants with numerous marked
leaves and others that had many
lower leaves removed
presumably because they were

badly marked or dead.
5. Ensuring that the exhibit
centrally located in the pot.
It is amazing how attending to

these simple practices can make the
difference between an exhibit attaining

a ribbon or not.

We do commend all of you who
entered into the competition and we

congratulate the winners.

The AGM of the Bromeliad Society of New Zealand will be held
on Tuesday March 28th at Greyfriar’s Hall Mt Eden, at 7.30pm –
immediately before our normal monthly meeting.
Please attend, have your say and get involved in your Society!

2017 Bromeliad
Graeme Barclay – Aechmea correia-araujoi
Peter Coyle – Billbergia ‘Totara Universe’

Graeme Barclay – Guzmania kareniae Peter Coyle – Neoregelia ‘Hot Embers’

More photos on P12 and P13 11

2017 Bromeliad

Lynette Nash – Tillandsia tectorum

Peter Coyle – Vriesea ‘Tiger Tim’


John Mitchell

– Hohenbergia
Diana Holt – Neoregelia ‘Tara Beauty’
Diana Holt – Neoregelia ‘Tara Cosmic Child’
Lynette Nash

2017 Bromeliad

Judy Graham
Andrew Devonshire – Dyckia ‘Arizona’ x
‘Bangkok Star
Graeme Barclay – Neoregelia ‘Satsuma Gem’

Diana Holt – Nidularium atalaiense


Peter Waters – Tillandsia magnusiana


Graeme Barclay – xCanmea ‘Repton’

Some members commented on this vriesea in my greenhouse at our recent
BSNZ Garden Visit day, so let’s take a closer look at this unusual plant.

Vriesea ‘White Cloud’

The exact origin and discovery
of this interesting small vriesea
remains a mystery, but we do
know it originated in cultivation from
the collection of Brazilian nurseryman
and bromeliad collector, Alvim Siedel,
where he had it advertised in his
1981 bromeliad catalogues as Vriesea
erythrodactylon var. striata. The species

Vriesea erythrodactylon is found growing
both epiphytically and terrestrially in the
Atlantic Forest of South-eastern Brazil

– the name erythrodactylon means ‘red
fingered’, referring to the shape and
colour of inflorescence.

As we have seen with many previous

‘Special Species’ subjects, this light

Vriesea ‘White Cloud’ rosette.
Vriesea ‘White Cloud’ striated leaves.
Vriesea erythrodactyloninflorescence.

coloured clone was most likely
discovered in the wild on a collecting
trip and taken back to nurseries for

propagation. It wasn’t long before

American collectors noticed the
ornamental qualities of Seidel’s plant and
imported it into Florida and California,
where it also became known as Vriesea
erythrodactylon var. variegata. In

the late 1990s a plant made its way to
Australia and then when pups became

available, to New Zealand in 2009.

The terms ‘var. variegata’ and ‘var.

striata’ are often added to variegated
species when they enter cultivation,
but these names are not botanically
recognised as being valid varieties

and thus should not be used. This is

because they have no traceable origin
and established populations in the wild
that exhibit such variegation traits, so

they are effectively just ‘one-off sports’.

Henceforth, in 2005 this special clone
was given the cultivar name Vriesea

‘White Cloud’ by John Boardman, a

prominent Florida grower who was

involved in the early propagation.

As the originally used names suggest,

this clone exhibits highly striated leaves.

When new pups emerge, the leaves
appear light greenish, with random, thin
white stripes evident across the entire

leaf blades. When the rosette matures,

the leaf striations seem to widen on the
central leaves, leaving almost a pure

white leaf with a dark tip. The older

lower leaves retain tinges of green,
allowing the plant to photosynthesize

effectively so it won’t starve and die. It

is quite remarkable to think new leaves
emerging from the plant’s central vase
are virtually completely white, a unique
feature not really seen in any other

cultivated bromeliad species, to my


This unique quality may explain why
Vriesea ‘White Cloud’ is very slow to
grow and multiply and is also a very

shy bloomer. Peter Coyle reports his

small clump only has a few plants and

has never once flowered in eight years of
growth. He admits his plant has not been

regularly fed which may well promote

the clump to bloom (justifiably in fear

of turning the white leaves green), but

these ‘non-flowering’ traits are reported

by other growers in Australia and also

in my short experience growing it. The

lack of chlorophyll in the leaves means
its growth rate is limited, however I have
found with very light feeding the plant
will not go green, will produce offsets
and does grow reasonably steadily in

months with longer daylight hours.

Many of the smaller Vriesea species will
not entertain blooming until they have
formed a reasonable sized clump of 4-8

plants. The normal green form of Vriesea
erythrodactylon is no different and
normally only blooms when the clump is
well established, then it will bloom quite

regularly if pups are not removed.

Vriesea ‘White Cloud’ will grow to
a similar size and shape as its parent
species, 20-30cm diameter when

mature. Unlike some other white foliage

bromeliads, it does not seem to suffer
cold-spotting damage in winter, however
to date plants have only been grown

here under the cover of a greenhouse.

Unfortunately due to the slow growth
habit and desire to let the plant form a
clump, this plant is still very rare in New
Zealand, but is sure to become available

to other growers to enjoy in coming

Up high and amazing in Mexico

The first article from Peter Waters on his recent Mexican adventure.
The excellent photos have been taken by Jeanette Waters.

The plan takes shape…

While attending the recent BSI World
Conference in Houston I was talking to
Pamela Koide-Hyatt about tillandsias
in general and she happened to
mention that she was in the process of
helping to organise a tour of Mexican
states, Oaxaca and Chiapas, with
a view to seeing as many different

tillandsias in habitat as practical.
The leader of the tour would be Jeff

Chemnick, a nurseryman from Santa
Barbara, California, and owner of
Mexican Nature Tours, a company that
has organised many tours of Mexico
and other places, for people interested
in birds, cycads, cacti, etc, but this

would be his first for bromeliads and
thus the reason to involve Pam. She

is world renowned for her knowledge
of tillandsias, in particular of Mexico,
and is the owner of the well-known

Bird Rock Tropicals. She has made

countless trips throughout Mexico and
would be able to guide the tour to the

prime sites.

‘Count me in’ I said and a few months

before the tour started in January, we

received very detailed information on
where we were going, accommodation

and bromeliads we were likely to see.

The tour included everything, food,
drinks, tips, all you could ask for and

was extremely well organised. Jeanette

was keen to come along, particularly
for the chance to take photographs

and to experience a new culture.

Nancy and Larry Murphy decided to
come as well and the rest of the party
were Greg and Narelle Aizlewood
from Australia, two from Texas and

five from California including Jeff
and Pam. One of the Texans was Sue

Sill, better known as the former Sue
Gardner, a botanist who described
some of the Mexican tillandsias, so she

was very knowledgeable also. Later in
the tour we were to be joined by Silvia

Morales a botanist from Oaxaca who

Jeff said knew more about the flora of

Oaxaca than any other person, but not
a lot about tillandsias, so it would be

an education for her.

Arriving in Mexico City on New
Year’s Eve…

After spending a few weeks over
Christmas with our son and family

in San Francisco we flew to Mexico

City on New Year’s Eve and met

the Murphys at the airport. We had

booked an apartment for a few days
and took the chance to see some of
the sights of this city that is situated at
an altitude of 2250 metres (nearly the
height of Mt Ruapehu) and is home to

about 20 million. It is rather smoggy

as it is surrounded by even higher

mountains. Then followed several

Cont’d P19

Tillandsia sierra-juarazensis

Tillandsia prodigiosa

Tillandsia bourgaei
Tillandsa magnusiana
Tillandsia dugesii
Tillandsia ionantha Tillandsia seleriana

More photos on P18 17

Tillandsia fasciculata
Tillandsia schiedeana
Tillandsia plumosa
Tillandsia circinnatoides
Tillandsia achyrostachys
Tillandsia mitlaensis
Petrified waterfall
in Mexico…

Cont’d from P16 – Tillandsias – Up high and amazing in Mexico

days of intense sightseeing, a day out
to Teotihuacan to see the pyramids,
the castle at Chapultepec, the amazing
National Museum of Anthropology
and the Flower Markets, where we saw

tillandsia inflorescences for sale.

We originally planned to drive from
there to Oaxaca city, but it all became
too hard as the cost of returning the car

to Mexico City was exorbitant. A flight

for all of us was much cheaper, so we

flew down. On the way we passed Mt

Popocatepetl, the active volcano, that

was sending out plumes of steam. Our

hotel in Oaxaca was situated in an area
of cobblestone streets and interesting
buildings and we spent some time
wandering around over the next few

days. One day we hired a driver and
van and the Aizlewoods joined us on
a daytrip to a petrified waterfall. Here

we saw many tillandsias, including
recurvata, schiedeana, fasciculata and
then on a cliff-face some clumps of

Tillandsia mitlaensis. On another day

we visited the ruins at Monte Alban,

a fine example of Zapotec building
and culture. The Zapotecs were the
indigenous race of Oaxaca.

Up into the mountains…

On Saturday night the other members
of the tour group arrived at the hotel

and we enjoyed a get-together dinner.
Jeff, our Tour Leader gave our

instructions and let us know that we
would be starting early every morning,

ready to leave at 7.30, after breakfast.

Most days we arrived at our hotel after

6pm, so the days were very full.
Our driver was Javier, and he had been
with Jeff on many occasions and knew

exactly what was required, keeping us
well-stocked with water, snacks etc,
and his driving could not be faulted
when you took into consideration
the rough, narrow and winding roads

that we encountered. We had a new

Mercedes 20 seater bus which was
comfortable and allowed a few free

seats for bags and camera gear.

Our first day was a trip into the
mountains close to Oaxaca. At first

there was no sign of bromeliads and
of course we were keeping a close

lookout. As we climbed on the winding

road tillandsias started to appear in the
trees. At first Tillandsia recurvata, then
schiedeana and makoyana and as we
passed 2000 metres the long hanging

inflorescences of Tillandsia prodigiosa
appeared. Javier had to stop every

few hundred metres as we all got out

to take photos of the amazing scenes.

Tillandsia bourgaei and prodigiosa
were everywhere on the pine trees
along with dugesii. Also Tillandsia
sierra-juarazensis appeared and at

3000 metres we reached the summit.

When we exited the bus we were in the
clouds and we could not believe how

bitterly cold and windy it was. Up here
we found Tillandsia macdougallii.
No wonder I struggle with this in my

To be continued.


Patron: Patricia Sweeney
President: Graeme Barclay 09-817 4153
Vice Presidents: Jocelyn Coyle 09-416 8272
Chris Paterson 09-625 6707
Secretary: Bev Ching 09-576 4595
Treasurer: Peter Waters 09-534 5616
Life Members: Dave Anderson, Patricia Perratt,
Patricia Sweeney, Peter Waters

Scientific Officer: Peter Waters 09-534 5616
Librarian: Noelene Ritson 09-625 8114
Committee: Dave Anderson 09-638 8671
Don Brown 09-361 6175
Lester Ching 09-576 4595
Alan Cliffe 09-479 1451
David Cowie 09-630 8220
Diane Timmins 09-415 9066
Editor: Murray Mathieson 09-418 0366


New Zealand

Ordinary membership NZ $35.00 ($5.00 discount
if paid before the end of February).
Dual membership (same household) NZ $45.00
($5.00 discount also applies as above).


NZD $45.00. Send all payments to the Treasurer,

Peter Waters, 22 Half Moon Rise, Half Moon Bay,

Auckland 2012.

Paying electronically

Paying via internet banking: Bromeliad Society
account: 03-0227-0071516-00

Please include your name as reference. Re full
contact information for new members / changes
for existing members, please email: waterspj@


All general correspondence should be sent to the
Secretary, Bromeliad Society of New Zealand,

P.O. Box 108-168, Symonds Street, Auckland,
New Zealand. The opinions expressed in letters
or articles in the Journal are the contributors’ own
views and do not necessarily express the views or
policy of the Bromeliad Society of New Zealand


Society Website – For past Journal archive –

growing tips – articles – sales information


Editorial Committee

Dave Anderson
Murray Mathieson
Peter Waters


Murray Mathieson


Don Brown
All enquiries and contributions welcome,
please contact any member of the editorial
committee or send to Peter Waters, 22 Half Moon
Rise, Half Moon Bay, Auckland 2012 or email:

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For all editorial and advertising, the first

Tuesday of publication month

Display Advertising

Rates are:

Full Page $60.00
Half Page $30.00
Quarter Page $15.00

‘Buy & Swap’

Listings in ‘Buy & Swap’ are FREE for members

of the Society (max. 30 words).

For advertising enquiries and material, please
contact Murray Mathieson ph (09) 418 0366

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Group News

Northland Bromeliad Group

– Nancy Peters
Our February meeting was held in the
volunteers’ room of the Whangarei

Quarry Gardens. President Sandra

Wheeler welcomed 19 members and 2

visitors. Group member Lois Going’s

registered garden has been upgraded
by the NZ Gardens Trust who were
impressed by the bromeliads and

sculptures. Thanks to Pat Vendt for
organising our trip to ‘Fiesta’ 2017. In

March, two Whakatane mini buses are
bringing 20 members of the Eastern
Bay of Plenty group to visit four of our

members’ gardens over three days.

President Sandra advised she would

be stepping down at the next meeting.

She and her husband are moving to


February ‘Show & Tell’ competition

1st Colleen Murphy – Tillandsia
‘Hot Pink’, 2nd Lynsie McMahon –
Neoregelia ‘Royal Hawaiian’, 3rd equal
Susan Hunter – Vriesea ‘Sunset’ and
Sandra Wheeler – Vriesea ‘Jungle Hop’.

Next meeting: Sunday March 26th. This
will be our Annual General Meeting.
1.30pm at Whangarei Masonic Lodge,
17 Albert Street, Whangarei.

Bay of Plenty Group

– Lynley Breeze
The first meeting of 2017 in February

was our open day for the public, with a
large display of bromeliads looking at

their best. It’s our local version of the

‘Fiesta’. We also had sales tables selling
plants on behalf of group members. This

year was busier than ever with estimates

of more than 120 visitors in two hours.

Virtually all sales plants sold and raised

record funds, as did our raffle. We

arranged good publicity through the
local free paper and for visitors we also
offered free spot prizes of bromeliads

donated by generous club members. We

have plenty of information brochures
and it’s a fun day in our attractive Yacht

Club venue overlooking the harbour.

Next meeting: Wednesday April 12th

12.30pm – 2.30pm. We will have a fun

auction day and we encourage members
to bring along garden produce, plants

and bromeliads for sale. There will be
no plant of the month.

Eastern Bay of Plenty Bromeliad
and Orchid Group

– Alison Iremonger
Ross and Gail Fergusson’s home was

the venue for the first meeting of 2017.

Ross gave an update on the sale of plants

at the Ohope Craft Market. Maureen

gave a talk on miniature bromeliads, and
what size they have to be to be called

‘mini’. This will be the competition for
March. A group from Tauranga came

and spent a day visiting some of our

members’ gardens. Sandy gave a talk
on the Moreton Bay fig plants he had
brought along. With the hot, dry weather

we have been experiencing, Ross gave
a talk and showed plants that had been

affected. Carol is the new librarian for
the coming year. Ross demonstrated
how to make labels from tin cans.

Members were asked if they would like

Cont’d P22 21

Cont’d from P21 – Group News

to open their gardens for visits during

the coming year.

Competition results:

Silver Tillandsia: 1st Gail Anderson, 2nd
Ross Fergusson
Green Tillandsia: 1st Margaret
MacDonald. 2nd Ross Fergusson
Orchid: 1st Gail Fergusson
Flowering Bromeliad: 1st Ross
Fergusson, 2nd Gail Anderson
Foliage Bromeliad: 1st Ross Fergusson,
2nd Gail Anderson

Tillandsia Group – Auckland

– Nancy Murphy
Our February Meeting was held at Diane
Timmins garden with a good number

of members present. Diane’s sloping

garden has many plants in plastic and

shade houses. She had tillandsias and
other species for sale. Thanks Diane.

A successful discussion was held about
the plants brought for species and

‘Show and Tell’.

Next meeting: Sunday 30th April at

1.30pm at Rebecca Morrisey’s St
Heliers garden, 47 Paunui Street. (note

change of usual date due to South

Auckland sale). Please bring a chair,

species beginning with ‘K’, ‘Show

& Tell’ and any plants requiring ID.
Friends welcome.

South Auckland Bromeliad Group

– Hawi Winter
Our March meeting was an excursion
to Thames and to some Coromandel
bromeliad gardens for about 50

members. The inter-group relationship
with Thames/Coromandel is enhanced

by Don Brown retiring in Ngarimu

Bay. Our thanks go to the Peppertree

Nursery, Don Brown, Kay Steen in Te

Puru and Judy Wright in Thornton Bay.
Their gardens were the highlights. Our

April meeting will be superseded by
our annual plant sale at the Manurewa
Botanic Gardens, on Palm Sunday, the

9th of April (refer to our advertisement).

See you there!

We visit three great Auckland

gardens in March

– Alan J. Thomson
Agreat day out for all with the
garden ramble visits on Sunday
March 5th – and the weather
held out nicely. Thank goodness it
hadn’t been organised for the following
Sunday! Three gardens were open in
Titirangi, New Windsor and Lynfield
areas and first up for me was the home
of Graeme and Jeanene Barclay deep in
the bush in Titirangi.

Graeme, of course is our humble
president and more than a couple of

bromeliads were on show. A lovely

home and deck were surrounded by
a large back lawn and a plastic house
with seed trays and specimens all
crammed with bromeliads of different

genera. Outside, every nook and

cranny had plants and pots mounted
so it was a novelty to be ‘looking up’

quite a bit. The standout specimen was

a Tillandsia eizii with its metre long

inflorescence drooping down from a
fork in a big tree. The sculptured bracts
were particularly striking. This was the

plant in habitat in Mexico on the cover

of last month’s Journal and Graeme’s

plant also received a lot of favourable
comment as a ‘star’ component of our
large entry display at our 2017 ‘Fiesta’

– so it was great to meet one ‘in person’
so to speak. Catching my eye were

the beautiful arrangements of vrieseas
and the not so welcoming and spiky
Ursulaea mcvaughii, all set to appear in

the next Jaws sequel.

Next up was Ross and Julie Walker’s

place in New Windsor (east of
Avondale) and my, what an immaculate

garden they have there. There is a riot of
colour and form to rivet the eyes. Mass

plantings of Aechmea fasciata looked

stunning as was a huge clump of silver

Puya coerulea. Wow! It didn’t look real.

Apparently it’s hard to propagate in that

you can’t simply take a pup. It needs to

be carefully layered into soil to develop

roots before a cutting can be removed.

Last up was the property of Carolle and

John Roberts high up overlooking the
Manukau Harbour in Lynfield. Lots of
twist and turns with flowers round every
corner. It was the best show of vireya

rhododendrons I’d seen in a long time
and it reminded me of how well vireyas
work in bridging the gap between
cottage style gardens and the subtropical

look and how they work with both.

Thanks to all who organised and of
course the host gardens and the welcome
home baking and refreshments they


Graeme and Jeanene’s garden.
More photos on back page 23


ross and Julie’s garden.

Carolle and John’s garden.

 May 2017VOL 57 NO 5
Aechmea biflora. Photo: Graeme Barclay.
• Mexican tillandsias – completing the adventure
• ‘Plant of the Month’ – a new regular column
• Protecting your plants in winter

New from New Zealand
– By Graeme Barclay
This month we take a closer look at the winning ‘Miniature Bromeliad’from our recent 2017 ‘Fiesta’show.

Neoregelia ‘Tara Cosmic Child’
Diana Holt – 2013 | Reg: February 2017

Mature small rosette to 12cm. diameter
x 7.5cm. high. Lime green leaves
marbled red on obverse side with outer
foliage portions turning burnished red.
Leaf reverses have punctated reddish-
brown cross-banding. Neoregelia
ampullacea seed parent is a select
small clone from Elton Leme (Brazil).

The parents are Neoregelia ampullacea
x Neoregelia ‘Wee Willy’.

Neoregelia ‘Tara Cosmic Child’
Another lovely little gem from

Diana, this hybrid is the first plant
registered using the petite dark form of

Neoregelia ampullacea that came from
Elton Leme’s collection in Brazil. This
clone of N. ampullacea has short,
crimson leaves with brown-black

zonations that form a very compact
rosette in high light. Combined with

Neoregelia ‘Wee Willy’ (that also
probably has N. ampullacea in its

ancestry), the result is a plant with
intensified markings and colour,

especially in the newer central leaves.

The brick-red outer leaf blades

perfectly enhance the inner rosette

and markings, creating a visually

attractive mini. The interesting
thing is Neoregelia ‘Tara Cosmic
Child’ has ‘marmazon’ (spotted and
zonated combined) patterns on its

leaves, whereas both of its parents are

basically only banded (zonated). This
suggests another mix of genes are

involved in the make up of Neoregelia
‘Wee Willy’. Sometimes they come

to the fore producing an interesting

feature, as seen here. This new mini
will make a wonderful clumping

specimen suited for high light position
and is sure to become highly sought
after by mini collectors when offsets
become available.

Bromeliad Society of New Zealand Inc

Bromeliad Journal – May 2017 issue

‘New from New Zealand’ – Graeme Barclay 2
President’s Page – Diane Timmins 4
‘Plant of the Month’ – a new regular feature by Diane Timmins 5
Bromeliad Society April meeting news 6
Note about our ‘Rare Plant Auction’ coming up in June 8
Mexico tillandsias finale – Peter Waters’ concluding article 9
Protecting bromeliads in winter – Dave Anderson 12
Eden Garden in Epsom. Can you help us? 12
Society officers, subs and Journal directory 14
‘Special Species Spotlight’ – Graeme Barclay 15
Group News 17
Ross and Julia Walker’s garden revisited – Diane Timmins 19

The opinions expressed in articles or letters in this Journal are the contributors’ own views and
do not necessarily express the views or the policy of the Bromeliad Society of New Zealand.


Please see the Group News section starting on page 17 for details of group meeting

times and venues.

21st Eastern Bay of Plenty Group meeting
23rd Society monthly meeting at

Greyfriar’s Hall, corner of Mt Eden and
Windmill roads, starting at 7.30pm. The
monthly choice competition: Grass-like

tillandsias (for your guidance see list
of species on page 8. Lynette Nash will

talk on tillandsias with tips on preparing

them for winter.
28th Northland Group meeting


4th South Auckland Group meeting
14th Bay of Plenty Group meting
27th Society monthly meeting at

Greyfriar’s Hall, corner of Mt Eden and
Windmill roads, starting at 7.30pm. The

monthly choice competition: Bigeneric

bromeliads. We will be running our

annual Rare Plant auction and we will
also have our mid-winter supper. (Please
bring a plate!)

Front Cover: Aechmea biflora. This impressive plant originates from Ecuador and
this stunning example is from Graeme Barclay’s collection. It was voted ‘Plant of the
month’ at our April meeting and you can read all about it on page 5.


HHello again,
We’ve had a rather sudden
taste of what is around the
corner for us in weather with the cold
weather coming early – beginning in
May. No frost here in Coatesville at
the time I wrote this, but it has already
hit down the road from us in the
valley. It has given me the hurry along
to prepare for the oncoming winter
and I’m currently running around
finding more sheltered spots for some
plants that have been lounging in the
mild autumn sun. Those that prefer
temperatures above 10 degrees C
will be placed in warmer conditions.
Having spent years spending many
tiresome hours placing frost cloth on
and off thousands of plants I have been
open to other methods available on
the market. I plan to get around with
a commercial organic frost protection
spray that is designed to increase the
internal temperature of the plant cells
by a couple of degrees. Although
originally designed for protection of
orchard flowers and fruit, it seems to
help our tropical friends who have a
serious allergy to frost. It is difficult to
prove the success of the product, but
I can sleep better on those still cold
nights knowing I’ve tried all options!

I recommend you read Dave

Anderson’s article, starting on page
12 of this Journal, for good advice

that will help your plants survive their
winter woes.

We have Lynette Nash talking at

our May meeting. She has a broad

knowledge of tillandsias and an artistic
flair that produces magnificent displays

on pieces of foraged driftwood or

other suitable mounts. I look forward

to gleaning some tips– especially her
advice on preparing plants for the

Our following meeting in June will
be our mid-year supper (please bring
a plate to share!) and our annual Rare

Plant Auction. Look out for a desirable

plant in your collection that can be put
forward as an auction plant. Please

ring Peter Waters to discuss your entry

so that we can prepare an auction
list. It is always a great night to have
plants offered up for sale that are rarely
available. It’s a great fundraiser and a
great social evening.

I have heard that not only are we a green

fingered lot, but we have members who

have been medal winning athletes at

the recent World Masters Games. Win
Shorrock has won gold in her age group
for the 10km run and Matt Hennessy

has won four medals in swimming in

the 60 – 64 age bracket, setting a NZ
age group record in the 100m butterfly
‘long course’ (i.e. held in a 50m long

pool). Congratulations to them and
to all who have been involved. It has
been described as an inspirational (and
fun) event.

Time to get back into that gardening!

Diane Timmins

We are starting a new regular page to focus on the bromeliad voted ‘Plant of
the Month’ at our monthly Society meeting. We start with an outstanding plant
from April...

Aechmea biflora – Grown by Graeme Barclay

Graeme’s great interest in
bromeliad species has led
him to collect and import
a wide range of impressive plants.
Such rare and unusual varieties are
often favourites at the monthly BSNZ

Aechmea biflora was discovered in

the province of Pastaza, in Ecuador

on the Amazonian side of the Andes

mountains in 1962 by Dodson and
Thien, growing between 600 and 1300
metres elevation. It was later officially

described by Smith and Spencer in








It would be an amazing sight in its
natural habitat. The impressive rosette

can have leaves up to a metre long,

growing epiphytically and forming

dense clumps. At flowering the inner

leaves change from lime-green to
brilliant orange-red in order to attract

hummingbirds. The flowering period
is short – around 2 weeks only.

Part of the Streptocalyx subgenus
of Aechmea (Streptocalyx meaning
with twisted flowers), biflora refers
to the two flowers in each fascicle
of the inflorescense. The petals are
violet, changing to black quickly after


Graeme has found that although this
plant needs greenhouse protection in

New Zealand in winter, it grows well
in the warmer months, especially when

well fertilised.

Bromeliad Society April Meeting News

– Notes by Bev Ching
President Diane Timmins
welcomed 43 members and 4
visitors to our April meeting. She
thanked Don Brown for his support on
the committee over several years and

Aechmea chantinii (Peter Coyle). First inopen Foliage section. PhoTo PeTer CoyLe
Aechmea nudicaulis var. capitata(Diana holt). second in Flowering
section. PhoTo DIANA hoLT
Tillandsia eizii (Peter Coyle). First inTillandsia section. PhoTo PeTer CoyLe
also thanked Graeme Barclay for his
great work as our out-going president.

Diane reminded members of the sales

table which has pots, labels, fertiliser,

Neoregelia ‘Chrissy’ (Peter Coyle).
First equal in Neoregelia section.
PhoTo PeTer CoyLe
Neoregelia ‘sunfire storm’ (Andrew
Devonshire). First equal in Neoregeliasection. PhoTo PeTer CoyLe
The ‘Monthly Choice’ competition table –
dark leaved plants. PhoTo PeTer CoyLe

and books for sale, also the raffle table.
If you require a new member’s name
tag, please see David Cowie.

Lynette Nash will be talking about

tillandsias and winter at our May
meeting. Lynette grows superb
tillandsias and I am sure we will all be
interested how she manages her plants
over the colder months.

The Monthly Choice table will be

grass-like tillandsias of which I am

sure everyone has one or two to bring
along. To help you identify suitable
species please see the list that follows
the meeting news.

Members are reminded that we are

always looking for suitable articles

and photos for the Journal. You can

send material to our editor, Murray
Mathieson, at or, if you’re not sure about
what might be suitable, email him to



Peter Waters took us through plants
for discussion and naming. A flower
head of Tillandsia ‘Booza Pit’, was
brought in, it was a fine-looking spike

but did the plants grow pups? None
of our tillandsia grower’s plants had
pupped. Tillandsia ‘Booza Pitt’ is a
hybrid between Tillandsia bourgaei
and Tillandsia fasciculata. It is one of
Andrew Flower’s hybrids. For naming
was a flowering Nidularium procerum.
This plant had wine-coloured leaves,
but the usual procerum flower.
Nidularium procerum can be quite

variable but still a worthwhile plant
for the garden. Also for naming was

an Aechmea recurvata which had been

grown in the shade, with long green
leaves. Most likely it was Aechmea

recurvata var recurvata. A Tillandsia
lotteae with yellow flowers from

Bolivia. Next an unusual (at least
in New Zealand) species Guzmania
retusa, which has a green cone head
and white flowers. A very nice plant for
those who grow and like guzmanias,

this plant offers many plants and
comes from the Andes.

Open Flowering: First was Graeme
Barclay with Aechmea biflora, a large
flowering plant which grows in the
jungle area of Ecuador. This species

was discovered recently, formerly
Streptocalyx biflorus, the large centre
will have blue flowers. A super looking
plant, grown well. Second was Diana
Holt with a flowering Nidularium
atalaiaense. This plant loves the

sunshine to get the lovely dark orange

leaves. Also on the table were Vriesea
sucrei, Aechmea nudicaulis v capitata
and Vriesea saundersii.
Open Foliage: First in the Flowering
section was Peter Coyle with

Aechmea chantinii, second equal was
John Mitchell with both Billbergia
‘Caramba’ and Billbergia ‘Hallelujah’.
Also on the table were Vriesea
sucrei, Aechmea chantinii, Billbergia
‘Caramba’, Billbergia ‘Hallelujah’,
Vriesea ‘Candyman’ x ‘Snowman’,
and Neoregelia tigrina x ‘Gold Fever’.
Tillandsia: First was Peter Coyle with

Tillandsia eizii, second was Lynette
Nash with Tillandsia heteromorpha
var rauhii. Also on the table were
Tillandsia latifolia and Tillandsia
‘Bob’s Choice’.

Cont’d P8

Cont’d from P7 – Bromeliad Society Meeting News

Neoregelia: First equal in this section

were Andrew Devonshire with

Neoregelia ‘Sunfire Storm’ and Peter
Coyle with Neoregelia ‘Chrissy’. Next
was Graeme Barclay with the species

Neoregelia bahiana (green) with pink
tips. Also on the table were Neoregelia
‘Sunfire Dream’, Neoregelia
‘Alkatraz’, Neoregelia ‘Felix’ x
lilliputiana, Neoregelia smithii x
‘Graces Avalanche’, Neoregelia
‘Chiquita Linda’ x ‘Sarah Head’.

Monthly Choice: This month the

table was full of dark leaved plants.
Who knew there were so many in this

category with only a couple of double-
ups! First was Billbergia ‘Hallelujah’

x ‘Purple Haze’, brought in by John

Mitchell. Second was Dyckia ‘Arizona’

x ‘Bangkok Star’. Also on the table

were Vriesea ‘Alcatraz Midnight
Splendor’ x gigantea seideliana,
Vriesea ‘Black Ice’, Aechmea ‘Vania
Leme’ hybrid, Neoregelia ‘Chargrill’,

Billbergia ‘Darth Vader’, Neoregelia
‘Tawa Tiger’, Tillandsia tenuifolia
‘Amethyst’, and Tillandsia flabellata x
Plant of the Month: Aechmea biflora,

grown by Graeme Barclay.
Just a small note to members entering
these competitions. If you have a plant

that wins either first or second place in
any of these sections, that same plant

cannot be entered in the same section
for the duration of the Society year.
You can enter a plant say in foliage then

again a following month in flowering

as the plant is further matured.

The main raffle was won by Pas

Southon. Door Prizes to Lucy

Timmins, Robert Flanagan and John


Congratulations to all the winners.

Next Meeting: May 23rd at 7.30pm.

Grass-like tillandsias... for our May meeting

To help you sort out your plants for our May meeting ‘Monthly Choice’

competition – featuring grass-like tillandsias – here is a list of tillandsia
species, found in New Zealand, you can look out for:

alvareziae, bartramii, chaetophylla, festucoides, hammeri, juncea,
linearis, nolleriana, ortgiesiana, pseudosetacea, remota, sessemocinoi,
setacea, setiformis, simulata

Our June 27th meeting will be our mid-winter supper
and our annual


Mark your calendar now!
Please phone Peter Waters (Tel 09-534 5616) to submit plants for auction.

Completing the adventure in Mexico

– Article number three from Peter Waters. Photos by Peter and Jeanette Waters.
Down south and into the canyons...

We left the state of Oaxaca
and climbed into the hills

and entered Chiapas, the

southernmost state of Mexico. At

about 1000 metres we began to see

some of the more common species
such as Tillandsia fasciculata,
schiedeana, butzii, juncea and
Billbergia pallidiflora. On the first

day in Chiapas our main destinations
were the Aguacero and Sumidero

canyons. At Aguacero we hoped to find
specimens of Tillandsia chiapensis,
and we weren’t disappointed. Halfway
down the steep stairs to the bottom of
the canyon we saw some silver plants

on the rock walls. This was particularly

interesting as one of our party was Sue

Sill, or Sue Gardner as she was when

she described Tillandsia chiapensis as

a new species in 1978.

Sumidero canyon is a very popular
tourist destination in Chiapas. The

vertical rock walls are up to 1000

metres high and the canyon winds

for 13 kilometres. Many people take
boat trips on the river to see it, but
we went to five spots on the top edge.

Many tillandsias grow on the walls and
some can only be seen with binoculars.
Close-up we found Tillandsia
tricolor, flabellata, brachycaulos and
belloensis. More distant were the large
juerg-rutschmannii, beutelspacheri,
xbergiana and socialis while on the
far wall we imagined that we could see

Cont’d P10

Tillandsia chiapensis
Tillandsia tricolor

Cont’d from P9 – Tillandsias – Completing the adventure in Mexico

Tillandsia ionantha van-hyningii.
Some members of the party were

more intrigued by a large furry,
green caterpillar on the bark of a

nearby tree.

The next day we were away
early as we had much to see and

we were looking to seeing the

fabulous Tillandsia eizii. At about

2000 metres we came across

a small village dominated by
two enormous Ceiba pentandra

or Kapok trees. Upon closer

inspection we saw that there were
many tillandsias and we spent
some time trying to identify and
photograph them. Tillandsia
fasciculata (red and yellow and
red), ionantha, caput-medusae,
belloensis, pseudobaileyi and a Tillandsia belloensis
Tillandsia polita elongata
red capitata.

And up into the cloud forest...

Later as we climbed slowly up into

the cloud forest we got our first

glimpse of eizii. It was growing
on pine trees together with

Tillandsia eizii

punctulata, seleriana, multicaulis,
guatemalensis, lampropoda and
several catopsis species, hahnii,
subulata and nutans. It was a

magnificent sight as all seemed
to be in full flowering mode.

Close by we found a hybrid of
eizii and punctulata that Pam had
seen on a previous occasion. It
was at the top of a tall tree on the

roadside that had been ringbarked

for felling. It seemed to be the
only specimen around and was
unfortunately going to be lost.
At the hotel that night we found

Tillandsia lampropoda Tillandsia punctulata

Tillandsia vicentina wuelfinghoffii
Tillandsia streptophylla
Tillandsia flavobracteata
Tillandsia fuchsii
another species in a pot, Tillandsia

In a field with a few trees we

found Tillandsia vicentina the
next morning and then on the side

of the main road at over 2000

metres Tillandsia matudae and
magnusiana, polita and polita
var elongata. Once again we had
a fruitful day, finding, Tillandsia
leiboldiana, flavobracteata,
limbata, kirchhoffiana, filifolia
and variabilis. One of the species
I really wanted to see in habitat
was Tillandsia streptophylla. We
searched high and low and at the
end of the day on the way to the
hotel we came across it.

On our last day we took a very
winding and rough, loose-metalled
and pot-holed road looking for

plants of interest but there were no

tillandsias to be seen. We travelled
for over an hour until finally
deciding to turn back. An hour later,

nearing the main road we saw some
plants that we had missed before.
It was Tillandsia tomasellii which
is now considered the same as

xerographica, although distinctly

different in leaf-shape and size.

To cap our trip off, we took a side-

trip and saw many examples of

Tillandsia polystachia, fuchsia,
ionantha stricta and ionantha
stricta forma fastigiata, and a nice
capitata (peach).

We flew home with no plants but

plenty of photos and memories
of an interesting and exciting
Mexican adventure.

Protecting bromeliads in the
New Zealand winter – Dave Anderson

First, a little background about Then, by and large, followed a very

our recent weather in the dry warm summer. Late March and

northern parts of New Zealand. into April brought heavy rains when
Leading into summer last year we had historically this period is normally
cool conditions with temperatures quite dry. Now in May we already have
overnight down to 8º – 10ºC; certainly a overnight temperatures down to 50 C.
lot colder than we would usually expect To sum up, it has not been the best of
and resulting in much slower growth. seasons for growing bromeliads here,

We’re always looking for bromeliad
helpers at superb Eden Garden...

Our Society has been looking after the ‘Bromeliad Glade’ at Eden Garden
in Epsom, Auckland, for over 40 years. With plant donations and regular
‘working bees’ we endeavour to keep the ‘Glade’ looking great and to

showcase broms. Eden Garden is at 24 Omana Avenue in Epsom. Can you

help as one of the volunteers at the working bees?

Our Eden Garden bromeliad team ‘organiser’ is Isla McGowan,
Tel: 524 8733 and she’d love to hear from you. The working bee team
meets, weather permitting, on the first Friday of every month from around
9.30am. You can help for an hour or three – everyone welcome!

The ‘Bromeliad Glade’ at eden Garden...
always beautiful in the early winter sun
It’s good fun too! Joan Anderson,
Isla McGowan and Diane Timmins
enjoy a coffee break.

as bromeliads are endemic in countries
with mainly warm wet summers and
cool dry winters.

With winter approaching fast here
are a few things we can all do:

• Make sure your plants are placed
so that they are not subjected to

rapid changes in temperature. When
temperatures gradually decrease, a
plant can acclimatise, or adjust itself,

to withstand colder temperatures

• Stop fertilising your plants with
high nitrogen fertilisers as most
bromeliads effectively stop growing
when temperatures are 120 C or colder.
Remember that maintaining proper
plant nutrition also helps protect your
plants from cold damage.

• Fertilisers used should be high in
potassium and low in nitrogen to reduce
soft green growth and promote cold

tolerance. We have very few products
that satisfy these requirements. One

is McGregor’s Fruit Max with an N P
K of 5:8:12 that is available on Trade

Me at $11.40 for a 500ml bottle. A
reminder, NPK numbers represent the

percentage (by weight) of the three

major nutrients required for healthy
plant growth, always in the same order:


The first number is the percentage of
nitrogen making plants grow taller
and develop a darker green colour.

The second number is the percentage
of phosphorus that aids in root

development and increases flowering

ability and bloom size. The third
number represents the percentage of
potassium. It guards the plant against

diseases and aids in drought protection
and cold tolerance.

• Remove dead leaves from the plants
to reduce pests such as scale etc.

• Assessing the microclimates of
your property is important. Elevation,
landform, soil properties, canopy
cover, and proximity to structures or
other plants determine a microclimate.
Place your bromeliads accordingly.

• Place cold-sensitive bromeliads
near the part of the house that receives

northern exposure, especially under
the eaves and where there are brick or
block walls.

• Push pot plants that are outside
together and mulch or cover them to
decrease heat loss from the sides of the

• Windbreaks such as fences,
buildings, and temporary coverings
can help protect plants from cold

• Watering the soil but not the leaves
around plants before a freeze can help
protect them from cold injury. Soil
that is well watered absorbs and then

reradiates heat, helping to increase

the elevated temperature around the


Bromeliads can be protected from

cold temperatures by proper selection,
placement, and care. Healthy plants

are more resistant to cold injury than

plants that are weakened by disease,
by insect damage, or by improper care.
You can take measures to protect plants

during sudden and prolonged exposure
to cold temperatures.


Patron: Patricia Sweeney
President: Diane Timmins 09-415 9066
Vice Presidents: Jocelyn Coyle 09-416 8272
Graeme Barclay 09-817 4153
Secretary: Dave Anderson 09-638 8671
Treasurer: Peter Waters 09-534 5616
Life Members: Dave Anderson, Patricia Perratt,
Patricia Sweeney, Peter Waters

Scientific Officer: Peter Waters 09-534 5616
Librarian: Noelene Ritson 09-625 8114
Committee: Bev Ching 09-576 4595
Lester Ching 09-576 4595
Alan Cliffe 09-479 1451
David Cowie 09-630 8220
Chris Paterson 09-625 6707
Editor: Murray Mathieson 09-418 0366


New Zealand

Ordinary membership NZ $35.00 ($5.00 discount

if paid before the end of February).

Dual membership (same household) NZ $45.00
($5.00 discount also applies as above).


NZD $45.00. Send all payments to the Treasurer,
Peter Waters, 22 Half Moon Rise, Half Moon Bay,
Auckland 2012.

Paying electronically

Paying via internet banking: Bromeliad Society

account: 03-0227-0071516-00
Please include your name as reference. Re full
contact information for new members / changes

for existing members, please email: waterspj@


All general correspondence should be sent to the

Secretary, Bromeliad Society of New Zealand,

P.O. Box 108-168, Symonds Street, Auckland,
New Zealand. The opinions expressed in letters
or articles in the Journal are the contributors’ own
views and do not necessarily express the views or
policy of the Bromeliad Society of New Zealand

Society Website – For past Journal archive –
growing tips – articles – sales information


Editorial Committee

Dave Anderson
Murray Mathieson

Peter Waters


Murray Mathieson


Don Brown

All enquiries and contributions welcome,

please contact any member of the editorial

committee or send to Peter Waters, 22 Half Moon
Rise, Half Moon Bay, Auckland 2012 or email:
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For all editorial and advertising, the first

Tuesday of publication month

Display Advertising

Rates are:

Full Page $60.00
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Quarter Page $15.00

‘Buy & Swap’

Listings in ‘Buy & Swap’ are FREE for members

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For advertising enquiries and material, please
contact Murray Mathieson ph (09) 418 0366
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By Graeme Barclay
Aechmea ‘Deleon’s Chantinii’ in flower.
PhoTo PeTer CoyLe
Last month Peter Coyle’s Aechmea chantinii won the ‘Best Foliage’ class at
our Society meeting, so let’s look at a special cultivar that is considered to
be one of the most beautiful clones of this species.

Aechmea ‘Deleon’s Chantinii’

For around 60 years, well known
plantsman, the late Mr. Nat
Deleon of Florida, USA, had a
passion for showy species. One of his
favourites was Aechmea chantinii. He
obtained a number of different clones
in admiration of its zebra-like striped
leaves and colourful inflorescences.
This widespread species grows in the
jungles of the Amazon basin across
Ecuador, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela
and into the Brazilian Amazon network
of rivers. It was first discovered along a
Brazilian river around 1877 and taken
back to France where it was formally
described in 1889, becoming somewhat
of a horticultural treasure due to its
highly ornamental appearance.

There is a very interesting article Nat
Deleon wrote on this species that was

published in the BSI Journal in 2012
(reference below), covering some seed. Therefore, seedlings resulting

history and his experiences in growing from a primary hybrid cross (species
it from seed – certainly well worth x species) would normally be expected
reading. A notable observation of Nat’s to produce fairly consistent looking
is that in his opinion Aechmea chantinii offspring – not so with Aechmea
appears to ‘act more like a hybrid than chantinii.
a species’. What he means by this is
that when growing it from seed, the Perhaps a clue to this is an interesting
seedlings normally produce a wide statement in Nat’s article that says;

array of shapes, sizes and colours in In 1960, some 83 years after its first
both the leaves and the inflorescence. introduction, a collector named Lee
Generally, Aechmea chantinii does not Moore of Miami, Florida, found it
self-set its own seed, but crossed with growing along parts of the upper
other clones, it will readily produce Amazon in Peru. Lee wrote, ‘Aechmea

Cont’d P16 15

Cont’d from P15 – Special Species Spotlight

Aechmea ‘Deleon’s Chantinii’
under-leaf patterning.
chantinii is one that caused quite a
lot of controversy among the experts
because of the wide variation of its
clones. Each small tributary had a
different clone of this plant. Before I
found these plants in the jungle, there
had been only one clone that was
known to the world. But now I have
found at least eight definite clones of
this species.’

In 1998, the BSI Register contained

34 clones of Aechmea chantinii.

Today there are over 60 registered
plants! No doubt this goes back to

Nat Deleon’s observation that hybrid
crosses between clones produces a
very wide variety. Growers around the
world then select and propagate their

best-looking clones, some eventually

being registered with cultivar names.

Another closely related species,

Aechmea zebrina, looks almost
identical to the untrained eye, with

only slight differences in the bract

shapes and sizes. It is highly likely

this species has also been hybridised
with Aechmea chantinii over the years,
further adding to the range of different

looking progeny.

Some time before 2000, Nat Deleon
produced a unique clone of Aechmea

chantinii exhibiting very close-together

bandings of silver scurfing, particularly
on the underside of the leaves. Under

the right growing conditions and in

very high light, the bandings on this
clone often ‘morph’ together, creating

a highly unusual and visually stunning

pattern, as seen in the photo. It became
known as simply Aechmea ‘Deleon’
and was later renamed in 2012 as

Aechmea ‘Deleon’s Chantinii’ to
differentiate it from another Deleon
cultivar, Aechmea ‘Deleon’s Fasciata’.

Like we saw with the variegated
Aechmea ‘Roberto Menescal’, another
nice trait of Aechmea ‘Deleon’s
Chantinii’ is that it is one of the hardier

clones of this species. Whilst still
requiring some protection here during

winter nights (greenhouse heating
or inside conservatory warmth) it
does not suffer cold damage and leaf

die-back like some other clones of

Aechmea chantinii. Grown in high

light and humidity, it gets to around
50cm x 50cm in size, grows reasonably

fast and regularly produces offsets. As
with all Aechmea chantinii cultivars

in our climate, it should be well fed

and watered in the growing season to

maintain optimum health, size and a
robust inflorescence.

Group News

Northland Bromeliad Group

– Nancy Peters
Our April meeting was held at the
bromeliad nursery and home of Maureen

Green at Maungakaramea. Our new
president, Graeme Smithyman, thanked

Maureen for her hospitality and
welcomed members.

A volunteer from the group was asked to
work at the Whangarei Quarry Gardens

to weed and maintain the bromeliad

plots. Thanks to Adona Cox who will join
Lynsie McMahon there on Wednesday


April ‘Show & Tell’ competition
winners: 1st Maureen Green – Vriesea
elata, 2nd Pat Vendt – Neoregelia
‘Kyoto’, 3rd Graeme Smithyman –

Vriesea gigantea seideliana.

Next Meeting: Sunday 28th May at

1.30pm at Susan and Bryce Hunter’s
Garden, 829 Ormana Road, Waiotira

Bay of Plenty Bromeliad Group

– Lynley Breeze
Our April meeting took a different

format with a fun auction of donated

garden related items, which included

many bromeliads as well as other

plants, pots and garden produce. Kevin

Pritchard and Dean Morman were our

two knowledgeable auctioneers and were

assisted by Lynley Roy and Marlene
Thompson recording bids and prices.
It was full of fun and laughter and our

group raised about $1,100.00. We thank

the generous donors and those who bid
on the plants. Many people got some

great bargains. We also held the usual
raffle. The attendance was very good in

spite of the threatened cyclone. There
was no sales table or plant of the month.

Our next trip, which will be by private
cars, on April 19th, is to Daltons at

Matamata and then on to Morrinsville to
see the ‘herd of cows’ painted by local
artists and spread around the town centre.

Next Meeting: Wednesday 14th June.
Roger Allen will be our guest speaker.
Topic to be confirmed. Plant of the

month: Aechmeas

Tillandsia Group - Auckland

– Nancy Murphy
Our April meeting held at Rebecca
Morrissey’s garden was well attended.

Her garden has a small, well-tended

terrace area at the rear. The design is
traditionally English in presentation
but it was pleasing to see the tillandsias

tucked into suitable positions through-


Next Meeting: June 11th at Peter Water’s
garden, 22 Half Moon Rise at 1.30pm.
Please bring a chair, plants starting with

‘L’ for discussion and ‘Show and Tell’

plants plus any requiring identification.
Thank you to the ladies who consistently

help with refreshments for afternoon tea.

Eastern Bay of Plenty Bromeliad and
Orchid Group – Ross Fergusson

On a beautiful autumn day we met at
Carol Gee’s lovely garden. Carol has
only recently moved into town and has

Cont’d P18 17

Cont’d from P17 – Group News

quickly transformed her garden into a

bromeliad haven.

Ross welcomed 25 plus members and

thanked Tui Garden Products for their

donation of slug and snail bait. Sue

talked about the havoc ’Cyclone Cook’

caused at her place with lots of fallen

trees, broken branches and damaged

broms etc. Ross mentioned he had no

power for 4 days, two large trees down

onto broms and plants blown into the
neighbour’s farm where the cattle had
chewed them.

After formal business Maureen Moffatt

gave a very informative talk about her
collection of mini broms, of which she

had a large selection for us to feast on.

‘Show and Tell’

Sue showed us a large Tillandsia secunda

still attached to a broken ponga with

many small plants growing on its large

flower stem. Barb showed us a lovely
flowering Nidularium procerum. She
has a large clump in her garden. Ross
bought along some alcantarea grass pups
that he had planted in a community pot

in pumice, which had roots twice the size

as the ones planted in potting mix.

The raffles were drawn and the lucky
winners took home mini broms, vrieseas
succulents, walnuts, and a photo block.

Competition winners:
Plant of the month mini bromeliad:

1st Neoregelia lilliputiana – Ross
Fergusson, 2nd Neoregelia ‘Chilli Verde’

– Maureen Moffatt
Foliage: 1st Neoregelia ‘Solar Flare’
–Ross Fergusson, 2nd = Neoregelia
‘Morado’ – Cheryl Ward and Neoregelia
‘Sand Flea’ – Maureen Moffatt
Flowering: 1st Vriesea unnamed –Cheryl

Ward, 2nd Edmundoa ‘Alvim Seidel’ –
Ross Fergusson, 3rd = Vriesea unnamed

– Jenny Briggs and Aechmea ‘Lucky
Stripes’ – Elaine Binns
Orchid: 1st Orchid Crucifix – Elaine


Next Meeting: Sunday, May 21st at
1.00pm at the Scout Hall. Bring a friend.

Everyone welcome. Contacts: Ross

Fergusson 312 5487; Sue Laurent 307

1323; Maureen Moffatt 322 2276.

South Auckland Bromeliad Group

– Hawi Winter
Our May meeting and our AGM was our

first meeting in the Drury School Hall for
2017. 48 members were in attendance

and the proceedings were extremely well
prepared by President Nancy Murphy.

We honoured our late members with
a minute of silence, said goodbye to

our retiring committee member Judy
Graham and honoured our patron Norma

Cook. Our officers elected for 2017/18
were: President – N. Murphy, Vice
President – H. Winter, Secretary – B.
Sherson, Treasurer – M. Kitcher.
Committee: M. Flanagan, K. Carter, B.
Green, S. van Rynbach, H. Sammons.

Peter Coyle was our May speaker and
his entertaining and interesting talk on

the history and development of Totara

Waters was very well received. Thank
you, Peter!

Our plant sales table was very impressive
and many rare and beautiful bromeliad
specimens changed hands.

Next Meeting: 4th June at 1:30pm again
in the Drury School Hall. Our speaker
will be the BSNZ President, Diane

Timmins. Her topic will be vrieseas.

Ross and Julia Walker’s garden
revisited in March 2017

– Article by Diane Timmins. Photos by Diane and Alan J. Thomson
This garden was on the visiting list for Society members during their March
garden tour to West Auckland. Our president, Diane Timmins made her own
tour and now gives us some more detail and background.

Back in 1999 Ross and Julia were
driving along a road in West
Auckland when they spotted
an intriguing garden that appealed to
their interest in tropical plants. Not
wanting to let an opportunity pass and
much to Julia’s surprise, Ross stopped
the car and knocked on the door. They
had chanced on the home owned by
late legendary bromeliad personality
Len Trotman. Len willingly spent time
showing them around his collection.

Heading home with a Billbergia
‘Domingos Martins’ and learning about
the Bromeliad Society meetings from

Len, kindled the start of their ongoing

interest and eventual ‘bromeliad

From 2000 their property in Avondale

was transformed. The existing

backbone of trees and paths and

the curved garden surrounding the
front lawn and warm gently sloping

backyard was highlighted with vireyas,
agaves, puka , kowhai and ponga. Their

ongoing interest in collecting more
billbergias began offering clumps of
bright foliage at ground level. The
need for colour and form in the lower
light areas under trees began their
interest in many different bromeliads
spreading to vrieseas and other genera.

Natural and unnatural disasters, such
as a pohutukawa coming down during

Cont’d P20 19

Cont’d from P19 – Ross and Julia Walker’s garden revisited

a tornado, or errant cars taking

a path off the road and through
their front garden have caused

upheavals, leaving a gap and
some damage, but this has been
taken advantage of and the garden
keeps developing and improving.

In more recent years a visit to
the Maloy’s sale provided many
beautiful vriesea additions.

About 3 years ago after seeing
a stunning display of artistic
planting posted by Andrew

Devonshire, Ross and Julia
contacted Mark Van Kaathoven.

He has become their landscaping/
tree pruning gardener/advisor.

His skill in placement, renovation

and also the clever addition
of new garden spaces has set
off the vireyas and bromeliads
beautifully. A crane has been used

to add large rocks. Roses along

their trellis were replaced by star

jasmine, a staghorn was sourced
from ‘Broms in the Park’, a

specimen pot was lifted and now
there are steps leading upwards.
These artistic touches along with
placing broms up in trees offer
depth and interest to a beautiful
garden and enviable collection.

There is a garden area full of

wonderful miniatures. Prickly

plants are situated in full sun and
a protea bush is highlighted with
Puya alpestris and alcantareas.

The theme colours of pink at the
front and orange at the back are

matched with textural grasses.

A wonderful garden to visit!


 April 2017VOL 57 NO 4
Tillandsia ionantha var stricta. Photo by Peter Waters.
• Mexican tillandsias – part two
• Lots of great bromeliad garden photos

New from New Zealand
– By Graeme Barclay
This month’s subject is a good example of how hybridisers cull seedlings to
select only the best for naming and registration.

Neoregelia ‘Fat Cat’

Graeme Barclay – 2011 | Reg: February 2016

Mature rosette to 25cm diameter x 20cm
high, forming an accentuated bulbous
base. Glossy green leaves to 5cm wide,
strongly cross-banded and speckled
reddish-brown on both sides.

The parentage formula is Neoregelia
‘Wee Willy’ x Neoregelia ‘Skotak’s

The goal of this cross was to create
a Neo. ‘Hannibal Lector’ type plant
with different zonation or patterned
markings. Somewhat surprisingly, most
of the seedlings either had poor form,
muddled markings or were too close to

resembling a slightly smaller ‘Hannibal
Lector’ to be of any interest, so most
of them were binned. However, from

Neoregelia ‘Fat Cat’
PhotoS GraeMe barcLay
a young age one seedling produced
wider leaves with nice markings on
the underside, had good form and also

developed a very stocky, bulbous base

– a bit like a ‘Wee Willy’ on steroids!
Sometimes you get lucky and numerous

positive traits combine into one seedling

and only then is it worth naming and

registering. Such a plant then becomes
an excellent breeding parent, so when
it bloomed in January it was put to

further use in the hope these traits could

be further developed with other plants.

This neo is a quite a slow grower and

is best grown elevated so the shape
and underside banding can be fully


Bromeliad Society of New Zealand Inc

Bromeliad Journal – April 2017 issue

‘New from New Zealand’– Graeme Barclay 2
President’s Page – Diane Timmins 4
Our new president 5
Correction to March Journal relating to ‘Fiesta’ show winner 5
Bromeliad Society March meeting news – Bev Ching 6
Tillandsias in Mexico, part two – Peter Waters 8
‘Special Species Spotlight’– Graeme Barclay 12
Society officers, subs and Journal directory 14
Eastern Bay of Plenty bus trip to Northland – Ross Fergusson 15
Group News 17
Another visit to Carolle and John Roberts – Diane Timmins 19

The opinions expressed in articles or letters in this Journal are the contributors’ own views and

do not necessarily express the views or the policy of the Bromeliad Society of New Zealand.


Please see the Group News section starting on page 17 for details of group meeting

times and venues.

23rd Northland Group meeting
23rd Eastern BOP Group meeting
25th Society monthly meeting at
Greyfriar’s Hall, corner of Mt Eden
and Windmill roads, starting at 7.30pm.
The monthly choice competition:

Dark foliage plants. There will be a

PowerPoint presentation from the 2017
Australasian conference, held recently in
30th Tillandsia Group – Auckland
meeting at 1.30pm, 47 Paunui Street, St


7th South Auckland Group meeting
10th Bay of Plenty Group meeting
23rd Society monthly meeting at

Greyfriar’s Hall, corner of Mt Eden and
Windmill roads, starting at 7.30pm. The
monthly choice competition: Grass-like
tillandsias. Lynette Nash will give a
talk on tillandsias, with tips on how to
prepare your tillandsias for winter.

Front Cover: This month we are off to Mexico again with Peter Waters’ second
article on the amazing tillandsias that he encountered on his recent adventure trip.

You can read the article and look at lots of great photos of tillandsias in habitat,
starting on page 8. Our cover photo by Peter is Tillandsia ionantha var stricta.


Hi everyone,
I’m here to take up the reins
from the wonderful Graeme
Barclay who has completed three years
in office.

A huge thanks to Graeme for
the knowledge and expertise on

bromeliads that he has shared with us.

His great energy has maintained our
meetings, shows and activities at a high
level of quality and interest to us all.
He has also prepared, and hopefully
will continue to prepare, lots of

valuable material for our Journal.

As president, I’m supported by

an experienced and enthusiastic
committee. The tasks are spread
within the team so that each person
has as much or as little as they are

comfortable to achieve. Please

consider joining our committee...

we welcome anyone interested or able

to assist.

Don Brown was unable to join the

committee again this year, as he is
relocating to the Coromandel. I would
like to thank him for the enormous
help and generous amounts of time he
has given the Society. We wish him all

the best and hope that when he’s fully

settled in the Coromandel he makes it
up to Auckland to see us from time to

I would like to point out how fortunate
we are that the level of our Journal
production, editing, and content

is world renowned as best quality.

We aim to retain this excellent
standard. At present our production

costs and postage add up to double our
total subscription fees; the shortfall is
made up by fundraising at meetings

and sales income from our shows.

The subscription fee hasn’t increased

since the early 2000s, while printing
costs and postage have crept up
constantly. For this reason the annual

subscription will increase by $10 next

year. This is all the more reason for
those who are yet to pay this year’s

subscription to pay now at current

rates. Check with Peter Waters if you
are unsure whether you have paid. You
can pay online if that suits. (details

under ‘Membership Subscription’ in

this Journal).

Well, the drought has certainly broken!
I hope nobody has been washed away
in the deluges we have been subjected

to. Once the weather has settled down
I look forward to enjoying the garden.
Autumn’s weather generally lacks the
intense extremes of hot, cold, dry, and
dare I say it... wet (there is always

exceptions), and I find the colours of
foliage and blushing centres in our
bromeliads are at their best at this time

of year.

I look forward to seeing lots and lots

of members at our monthly meetings.

We have a great line-up planned this

year for us to enjoy!

Di Timmins

Our new president... Diane Timmins

After a long involvement with the BSNZ and a good number of years ably
serving on our committee Diane has now stepped up to be our new president.
We congratulate her and wish her well. Most members will know Diane but,
for those newer members who may not, we asked her to write a few brief

Ihave inherited an interest in bromeliads that stems
back to my mother’s passion (Hazel Jack). Her
involvement with broms began in the early days of
our Society, and she passed on much of her knowledge
to me. As time went by and the work of maintaining her
collection outweighed her pleasure, she then passed on
her plants to me.

With her guidance I started a bromeliad nursery, Aztec

Bromeliads, now Aztec Partners Limited, which I run

with my daughter, Lucy.

I look forward to supporting the Bromeliad Society for the next year as

president, alongside our wonderful committee, and I am available to help

with any related queries or issues in any way I can.

Diane Timmins,
President – Bromeliad Society of New Zealand

How to contact Diane: Aztec Partners Ltd
PHONE 09-415 9066 | MOBILE 027-605 7537
381 Sunnyside Road, Coatesville


We’re sorry that there was a ‘mistaken identity’
on page 11 of last month’s Journal. The photo
for ‘Best Neoregelia’ was named as ‘Hot

Embers’. The photo was actually Neoregelia
‘Absolutely Fabulous’, which won the show
‘Class 4. Neoregelia’. Neoregelia ‘Hot Embers’,
also entered by Peter Coyle, won the ‘Class

7. Hanging Container’ and also claimed the
trophy for the ‘Best Neoregelia’ in the show.
This month we are printing a photo of the real
‘Hot Embers’.

Neoregelia hot embers’

Bromeliad Society March Meeting News

– Notes by Bev Ching, photos by Dave Anderson
March was our AGM and the AGM Graeme welcomed the new
President Graeme Barclay President Diane Timmins and Secretary
welcomed 45 members. After Dave Anderson, then the rest of the

Aechmea roberto Menescal’
(Graeme barclay).
First in open Flowering section
and overall ‘Plant of the Month’.
Vriesea ‘tickled Pink’ (John Mitchell).
First in open Foliage section.
Tillandsia crocata (Lynette Nash).
First in tillandsia section.
Neoregelia ‘totara Front cover’ (Peter coyle).
First in Neoregelia section.
Neoregelia ‘Flareup’ x ‘Marble throat’
(Peter coyle).
First in ‘Monthly choice’ competition.

committee who remain the same. Our
Treasurer mentioned that the Society

is looking to increase subs in 2019,

mainly to support the on-going costs
of producing our monthly Journal.
Production and mailing costs have

inevitably risen and our subs have been

the same for 13 years.


Peter Waters took us through the plants

on the table. First up was a plant for
naming and it was Neoregelia ‘Fireball’.
It looked a little different from one in the
competition which had more colour, the

first either being a younger plant or not

experiencing so much high light. Next
was Nidularium ‘Oddball’, which the
owner wanted to know where the name
came from.
Peter said it was Nidularium procerum

which is quite a variable plant.

Nidularium ‘Litmus’ is also a procerum

which starts off with red primary bracts,

changing to purple as they age.
A miniature Neoregelia ‘Cougar’ was

brought in to show how the bottom of

the plant is starting to twist. Neoregelia
rosea, a plant with white petals from

the Amazon basin in Peru/Ecuador.
Two flowering tillandsias from Andrew
Flower’s collection of hybrids were
also shown. Tillandsia ‘Bobs Choice’,
(ionantha x circinnatoides), and
Tillandsia ‘Miss Vicki’, both flowering.

Following ‘ Show and Tell’, Graeme
Barclay and Peter Coyle gave an

interesting talk on hybrids of Neoregelia
‘Marble Throat’, with examples.

Open Flowering: First was Graeme
Barclay with Aechmea ‘Roberto
Menescal’ a sport of Aechmea chantinii
‘Black’, second was Peter Coyle with
Guzmania monostachia, which grows in

most South American countries. Also on

the table, Goudaea ospinae var gruberi

‘Tiger Tim’.
Open Foliage: First and second this
month was John Mitchell with Vriesea
‘Tickled Pink’ hybrid, and Goudaea
gruberi x Vriesea ‘Angela”. Also on the
table were Aechmea ‘Nigre Nudicaulis’,
xCanmea ‘Repton’.

Tillandsia: First was Lynette Nash with
Tillandsia crocata, second equal were
Peter Coyle with Tillandsia dorotheae
and Lynette Nash with Tillandsia ‘Red
Fountain’. Also on the table were

two Tillandsia crocata, Tillandsia
multicaulis, and Tillandsia montana.
Neoregelia: First was Peter Coyle with
Neoregelia ‘Totara Front Cover’, second
was Graham Barclay with Neoregelia
eleutheropetala (large form). Also on
the table were Neoregelia ‘Fireball’,
a neoregelia hybrid, Neoregelia ‘Wild
Dynamo’, Neoregelia ‘Tomtom’ x
Monthly Choice: First was Peter Coyle
with Neoregelia ‘Flareup x ‘Marble
Throat’, second was Graeme Barclay
with Neoregelia ‘Little Dazzler’ x

‘Marble Throat’. Also on the table were

Neoregelia ‘Indigo’, ‘Little Dazzler’
x ‘Marble Throat’, two of Neoregelia
‘Strawberry Sundae’, Neoregelia ‘Pink
Marble’, Neoregelia ‘Flareup’ x ‘Marble
Throat’ x ‘Little Dazzler’, Neoregelia

‘Rosea Lineata’ x ‘Marble Throat’.

Plant of the Month went to Graeme
Barclay with Aechmea ‘Roberto

The main raffle was won by Pas Southon.
Door prizes to Claire Roberts, Alida de

Wit, Katherine Kozel.

Congratulations to all the winners.

Next meeting: April 25th at 7.30pm.

More adventures up high in Mexico

– Article number two from Peter Waters.
Photos by Peter and Jeanette Waters
At 2500 metres we first sighted

Tillandsia carlos-hankii which
has one of the most impressive

floral displays of all bromeliads

and here was much excitement as
we clicked away on our cameras.

At about 2000 metres we came across

a more open area with small, scattered

bushes that seemed to contain some
bromeliads. This turned out to be a

treasure trove of tillandsias and all
within touching distance. Tillandsia
plumosa, magnusiana, bourgaei,
makoyana, rodrigueziana, calothyrsus,
prodigiosa and others, including some

natural hybrids. Only the impending
darkness brought us back to the bus.

The next day we set out to find

Pseudalcantarea grandis (formerly
Tillandsia) and this wasn’t too difficult

as Pam (Koide-Hyatt) knew exactly
where it was. Covering cliffs, plants
of all sizes, from seedlings to giant
specimens and the younger plants came
in a range of different colours, turning
green as they aged. We also found in
the vicinity, Tillandsia circinnatoides,
dugesii, hammeri, schatzlii, ionantha
and fasciculata. While schatzlii was not

found again, the others were to be seen

in many locations. Interspersed with
the tillandsias were some hechtias and
one we saw was Hechtia lyman-smithii,
making large clumps of neat rosettes.
Later in the afternoon on pine trees
at 2000 metres, there were Tillandsia
atroviripetala var longepedunculata

together with magnusiana. By the time
we arrived at our hotel it was quite dark
and already time for dinner. The meals
were typically Mexican, to my mind
not one of the world’s great cuisines,

but after a long day in the field, quite

By now we had sorted out the seating

in the bus, the best seat, the front one,
taken in turn by everyone and the others
mostly changed day by day so that
everyone got the chance to be the first

to sight some new gem as we travelled
fairly slowly along the windy roads.
There were numerous short stops and
we all piled out with camera gear. Again
we saw many Tillandsia prodigiosa
and bourgaei and as we went higher,
we were thrilled to see imperialis, and
in close proximity were gymnobotrya,
multicaulis, chaetophylla and butzii.

After lunch by the side of the road we

came across achyrostachys, tehuacana,
atroviridipetala and fasciculata. We
spent the night in Teotitlan and the

next day headed back to Oaxaca City.

On the way we saw many of the same

tillandsias again, but were lucky to
find Tillandsia pueblensis in small
quantities on a rocky bank. Tillandsia
macdougallii, dugesii, plumosa and a
natural hybrid of Tillandsia prodigiosa
and bourgaei were seen as we ended
the northern part of our tour at our
hotel in Oaxaca.

Early the next morning we set off in

Cont’d P10

Tillandsia carlos-hankii
Tillandsia tehuacana
Tillandsia schatzlii Tillandsia fasciculata

Tillandsia atroviridipetala
Tillandsia gymnobotrya
More photos on P10 and P11

Cont’d from P8 – Tillandsias – More adventures up high in Mexico

a south-eastern direction to
Huatulco near the coast. The

first stop at about 2600 metres

was an area that Pam knew,
where we could see a pine forest
with many Tillandsia violacea.
This was spectacular with its

pendant inflorescence varying

from pink to salmon and red
and a little later at our lunch
stop we discovered Tillandsia
oaxacana and what appeared
to be a hybrid of violacea and
oaxacana. This turned out to

be a great day as we found an

area with Tillandsia carloshankii, calothyrsus, fasciculata
and even a specimen of
Tillandsia kalmbacheri. On
a far tree we saw a clump of
a grass-like tillandsia that we
almost dismissed as juncea
or chaetophylla until we

picked up an inflorescence
with binoculars that indicated

Tillandsia nolleriana. At
lower elevation as we neared
Huatulco we came across a

steep bank with Tillandsia
capitata (red form) that seemed

to be hanging from the trees on

stolons. Once again we had had

a most enjoyable but tiring day

and were happy to reach our
hotel in time for dinner. Most
of the accommodations were of

a reasonable standard, although

one night we stayed at an inn
that had no hot water facilities.

Being down at sea-level we
did not expect to see much

in the way of tillandsias but

surprisingly on the way we

Tillandsia oaxacana
Tillandsia violacea x oaxacana
Tillandsia grandisup against tour rosen Tillandsia imperialis
Tillandsia kalmbacheri

grandis measured
tour group member,
from Los angeles

Tillandsia roland-gosselinii
Tillandsia chaetophylla
Tillandsia nizandensis
came across Tillandsia rolandgosselinii in small scrubby

trees on the side of the road.

These were brilliantly coloured

red and yellow. One of the
advantages that we struck with
the time of our trip was that it
was winter and many of the trees
are deciduous, making it much
easier to see the epiphytes. In
summer, apparently it is very

much more difficult to spot

them. In this area we also saw
a few specimens of Tillandsia
huamenulaensis, a largish,

recently published species. We

stopped at a cliff-face where
we found some ionantha var.
maxima. This is the large
ionantha, with many cultivar
names such as Cone Head
and Huamelula. The target
for today was a national park
called Nizanda. This turned out

to be a scrubby, rocky outcrop
with boulders covered with

Tillandsia caput-medusae,
ionantha stricta, ionantha
forma fastigiata (Peanut),
concolor, juncea, makoyana
and several hechtias, including
rosea and isthmusiana. We

walked for a considerable
distance through the scrub

and eventually came upon
clumps of the new Tillandsia
nizandensis. It was in flower

and I realised that practically all
the tillandsias we had seen had

been flowering, obviously the
best time of the year for such

an expedition. Another very
fruitful day and we travelled to
our hotel under a full moon.

By Graeme Barclay
Vriesea ‘Vista F2’ redder colouration.
Photo GraeMe barcLay
Vriesea ‘Vista F2’ greener colouration.
Photo Peter coyLe
With some recent discussion of this famous vriesea on Bromeliad Facebook
Groups, let’s take a closer look at its history.

Vriesea ‘Vista’

Iremember seeing a specimen of

Vriesea ‘Vista’ in a BSNZ annual

show in the late 1990s, just after
I had started collecting bromeliads.

‘WOW’ was my reaction. I will

forever remember for the first time

gazing upon the creamy-white foliage
and wondering how on earth plants

could grow to be so beautiful and
also so white in colour. No doubt
this plant would have been very rare

and expensive in New Zealand at
that time, something I am glad to

say has now been rectified for the
benefit of all collectors and growers.

Vriesea ‘Vista’ originated in Kent’s
Nursery in the town of Vista, California,

but there is some mystery surrounding

what the original plant known as ‘Vista’
actually looked like. The photo shown

on the BCR registration page and in

the FCBS photo archive looks very
much like a Vriesea ‘Red Chestnut’
type plant – NOT the much whiter
plant we all know as Vriesea ‘Vista’.

This could either be a mistake with the
identification, or subsequent progeny

via seed or pups could have promoted
a sport that was much whiter than the
parent plant. Whatever the case, it was

likely a selection made from a batch

of seed grown Vriesea fosteriana at

Kent’s, that exhibited lighter coloured

leaves than what we would normally


see on a standard Vriesea fosteriana var
seideliana or Vriesea ‘Red Chestnut’
plant. These plants have thinner and
narrower leaves than the larger clones
of Vriesea fosteriana, with much more
tessellated markings upon a whiter leaf

background. What I do know is that

American growers in California also
grow the same white plant we have
in New Zealand as Vriesea ‘Vista’,

not the one shown on the BCR. One
day I will find out for sure what has
occurred here, but for now we will

assume Vriesea ‘Vista’ is correct as the
white plant, as shown in these photos.

Andrew Maloy of Kiwi Bromeliads
and also Peter Coyle of Totara Waters
used Vriesea ‘Vista’ in some of their

hybrids in the early-mid 2000s, as
it has the ability to pass on its light
coloured foliage to hybrids. Vriesea
‘Vistarella’ and possibly also Vriesea

‘Yellow Wave’ are two well known
plants we grow with ‘Vista’ in their
parentage. Around that time, Andrew
also grew self-set seed of Vriesea
‘Vista’, as Vriesea fosteriana will
readily self-pollinate. These seed

batches produced some even whiter-

leaved plants, that also generally have
much more stretched and smudged
markings, particularly on the lower
leaves. Growing conditions, light
and feeding regimes can also affect
the colouration of these plants. Some
markings appear greener in lower

light, while in high light they can be
more crimson to chocolate-brown.
Some clones also have fine red edges

to the leaves, creating a visually
stunning, very clean looking rosette.

All of these seedlings were released
in New Zealand as Vriesea ‘Vista F2’,
meaning they are second generation
Vriesea ‘Vista’ plants. Because these
seedlings were essentially a clone
of a true species, they had very little

noticeable differences between them,

hence were all sold under the one name
of ‘Vista F2’. However, as is normal for
species grown from seed, very slight
variation in size, colour and markings
is sometimes evident, therefore clones

from this grex should not need to be

individually named in future. Also, if

you have a plant labelled ‘Vista F2’, I

would recommend keeping it tagged
as such and not reverting the name to
just Vriesea ‘Vista’. This will allow
us to know the origin of the plants
and preserve the history and lineage
of the American original clone, only
via vegetative (pup) propagation.

Vriesea ‘Vista’and ‘Vista F2’both grow

to around 60cm diameter – smaller
than most other forms of Vriesea
fosteriana. Because they possess large

amounts of white in the leaf blades,

they lack chlorophyll which means the
plants are generally quite slow to grow.
However, if they are well fed and

given good light and air flow, they will
grow reasonably quickly in the warmer

months. One downside to these lovely

plants, is they do not look their best in

winter, where the weaker lower white

leaves often brown-off from cold and

wet conditions. Otherwise, they are
fantastic looking garden specimens
that are well worth collecting to


Patron: Patricia Sweeney
President: Diane Timmins 09-415 9066
Vice Presidents: Jocelyn Coyle 09-416 8272
Graeme Barclay 09-817 4153
Secretary: Dave Anderson 09-638 8671
Treasurer: Peter Waters 09-534 5616
Life Members: Dave Anderson, Patricia Perratt,
Patricia Sweeney, Peter Waters

Scientific Officer: Peter Waters 09-534 5616
Librarian: Noelene Ritson 09-625 8114
Committee: Bev Ching 09-576 4595
Lester Ching 09-576 4595
Alan Cliffe 09-479 1451
David Cowie 09-630 8220
Chris Paterson 09-625 6707
Editor: Murray Mathieson 09-418 0366


New Zealand

Ordinary membership NZ $35.00 ($5.00 discount
if paid before the end of February).
Dual membership (same household) NZ $45.00
($5.00 discount also applies as above).


NZD $45.00. Send all payments to the Treasurer,
Peter Waters, 22 Half Moon Rise, Half Moon Bay,

Auckland 2012.

Paying electronically

Paying via internet banking: Bromeliad Society

account: 03-0227-0071516-00

Please include your name as reference. Re full
contact information for new members / changes
for existing members, please email: waterspj@


All general correspondence should be sent to the

Secretary, Bromeliad Society of New Zealand,

P.O. Box 108-168, Symonds Street, Auckland,
New Zealand. The opinions expressed in letters
or articles in the Journal are the contributors’ own

views and do not necessarily express the views or
policy of the Bromeliad Society of New Zealand

Society Website – For past Journal archive –

growing tips – articles – sales information


Editorial Committee

Dave Anderson
Murray Mathieson
Peter Waters


Murray Mathieson


Don Brown

All enquiries and contributions welcome,
please contact any member of the editorial

committee or send to Peter Waters, 22 Half Moon

Rise, Half Moon Bay, Auckland 2012 or email:

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For all editorial and advertising, the first
Tuesday of publication month

Display Advertising

Rates are:
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‘Buy & Swap’

Listings in ‘Buy & Swap’ are FREE for members

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For advertising enquiries and material, please

contact Murray Mathieson ph (09) 418 0366

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Our March trip to Northland...

– Ross Fergusson, Eastern Bay Bromeliad and Orchid Group
On a Friday morning nineteen

members in two mini vans

(plus a trailer) set off heading
north. First stop was at Diana Holt’s
in Mangawhai to look at her mini
neos and hybridising operation. Diana
showed us plants that she received
awards for in the recent ‘Fiesta’ and
gave us a tour of her hothouse and
growing areas. Then she let us loose in
her selling area!

On to Whangarei. We were up early and

off to Matapouri Bay to visit Russell

Franshaw and (Mac) McGregor Smith.
What an amazing place. A guided walk

around the lake and a buying spree in
the brom and tree nurseries followed.

We then moved onto Lois Going’s

garden sitting high above Tutukaka
marina and harbour. What a view. This

steep hillside garden is well tracked

and absolutely covered in broms and

lots of art work. A must see is the
stainless steel water feature.

The afternoon stop was at Maureen
Green’s Maungakaramea garden and
nursery. Despite a drought Maureen’s

garden looked magnificent as usual.

The tunnel houses were full of well
grown plants... many of them were

destined to travel back with us.

Up early again on Sunday morning
and out to Waipu to Diana and Graeme
Smithyman’s with an old cowshed

yard crammed full of broms. There

was a studio for Diana’s ceramics and

another shed of succulents all available

15Cont’d P16
Diana holt
Lois Going
Maureen Green
Graeme and Diana Smithyman

Cont’d from P15 – Our March trip to Northland...

Lynsie McMahon
Sandra Wheeler
bev and brian hutching
Iris and colin Symonds
for sale. In two years they have done a
huge amount of work developing the

Next we travelled to Ruakaka to Lynsie

McMahon’s garden which is crammed

full of broms and other plants. Lynsie
has a flair for arranging and placing

plants to look great from any angle.
We were particularly impressed
with Lynsie’s healthy collection of

Then it was back to town to the Quarry

Gardens and lunch at the Quail Cafe.
The Northland Group volunteers have
developed and maintained a huge

bromeliad garden in the quarry and it

is a credit to them

The last stop of the day was out to visit
Sandra Wheeler’s well presented large
mature country garden. As Sandra had
sold her property and was moving
to Tauranga she had lots of mature
vrieseas in pots, many of them also
found their way into our already full

Up early again on Monday morning
to drive out to Kamo to visit the
immaculate garden of Bev and Brian

Hutching. Not a stone or a blade of

grass out of place. Then around the
corner to Iris and Colin Symonds
garden which has many interesting
plantings, a hothouse of orchids and a
nice tillandsia collection.

It was then into our vans for our
journey home. Thank you all for your
outstanding hospitality. Many nice
plants now have a new home in the

Bay of Plenty!


Group News

Northland Bromeliad Group

– Nancy Peters
Our Annual General Meeting was held

in the Masonic Lodge Meeting Rooms,

Whangarei on 26th March. President

Sandra welcomed members and

visitors and presented her annual report

where she noted that membership had
remained stable at 41 financial members.

Highlights of the past year had included

garden visits to 4 members’ gardens,
talks on billbergias and crypthanus and
bus trips to Auckland to visit the gardens

of Peter Coyle, Graeme Barclay, and the
‘Fiesta’ show and sale.

Sandra will be relocating in May

to Tauranga – their great gain and
Whangarei’s sad loss.

‘Show & Tell’ Competition Winners
for the Year:

1st Pat Vendt, 2nd = Lynsie McMahon and
Don Nicholson, 3rd Graeme Smithyman

Election of Officers:

• President: Graeme Smithyman – ph.
09-432 0291, email: Smithyman1@
• Vice-President: Pat Vendt, ph 09-434
8058, email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

• Secretary: Nancy Peters – ph 09-437
2707, email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

• Treasurer: Decima Severinsen – ph 09
435 1008, email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Next meeting: Sunday 23rd April at
1.30pm at Maureen Green’s Garden

and Nursery, 4 Tangihua Road,
Maungakaramea. Parking available

across the road from Maureen’s garden
in the Community Hall car park.

Bay of Plenty Bromeliad Group

– Lynley Breeze
President Lynley Breeze welcomed

members to out March meeting and
AGM. Our financial statement was
prepared up to 31/12/16, covering a

shorter period than usual as we are

now going to close off the finances
and complete the financial report on a
calendar year basis.

We were pleased to welcome 4 new
people to the committee. Our expenses

have increased and our subscriptions
will increase to $20 per person or $25
per household for the next financial year.

Margaret Flanagan was our guest
speaker and she discussed her gardening
experiences in Drury. She recommends
the use of Climatech frost cloth for
winter protection. Bromeliads came into
the garden as an understory planting for

husband Robert’s palms and cycads.

Favourite vrieseas include ‘Dark Knight’,
‘Afterglow’ and ‘Golden Legend’.
Future gardening will mean that their

cold tender plants will be housed indoors

in shade houses or glasshouses.

Plant of the month-Bi-generic:

1st Margaret Mangos with a beautiful

plant of xNidumea ‘Chantrieri’.
Open Competition: 1st Jo Elder with
Tillandsia espinosae, 2nd Dean Morman
with Neoregelia ‘Dream Baby’, 3rd
Barbara Nalder with an unnamed
neoregelia. Also tabled were Guzmania
‘Soledo’, Neoregelia olens x ‘Lamberts
Pride’, Vriesea simplex, Neoregelia
Tillandsia Competition: 1st Jo Elder
with Tillandsia tectorum (small form),

Cont’d P18 17

Cont’d from P17 – Group News

2nd Barbara Nalder with Tillandsia
confertiflora and 3rd Audrey Hewson
with Tillandsia streptophylla. Also on
the table were Tillandsia ‘Eric Knobloch’
and Tillandsia ‘Califano’.

‘Show & Tell’: Wilma Fitzgibbons had
brought along a most interesting plant,

Racinaea tetrantha var. aurantiaca.

Roger Allen had brought along a box of

seedling vrieseas grown from the seed
of Vriesea ‘Tongariro Mist’. It was most
interesting to see the variations in the
small plants.

Next meeting: Wednesday 10th May

12.30pm – 2.30pm at the Yacht Club

rooms. Sam Brierley will demonstrate

the ancient Japanese art of bonsai.

Eastern Bay of Plenty Bromeliad and
Orchid Group – Alison Iremonger

The March meeting was held at the
home of Sandy and Karen. A large,

well established garden with masses
of bromeliads everywhere and always

something different to see. Several of the

members gave a report on the recent trip

to Northland. By all accounts it was very
successful and, as usual, the trailer never

seems to be big enough to bring home

the ‘purchases’. Once again, thank you

Maureen for making the trip possible.
Members were reminded that we do
have a library of books on bromeliads
and orchids which they can borrow. Ross

attended a meeting in Tauranga, catering
for people interested in tillandsias.

Our guest speaker was Sam Brierley. Sam

spoke on his hobby of growing bonsai.
He had brought along some of his bonsai

trees, and along with photos, he gave a
very informative talk. Afternoon tea was

served and then members voted for the

competition plants. Raffles were drawn.

The ‘Show and Tell’ part of the meeting

is always interesting. This time members

who had gone to Northland showed
the group some of the plants they had

bought. There was a good selection of

plants for sale.

Competiton results:
Orchid: 1st A. Iremonger/G. Jameson,
2nd D. Young
Flowering Bromeliad: 1st S. Laurent.
2nd B. Hume, 3rd A. Iremonger/S. Lawrie
Foliage Bromeliad: 1st S. Ward,
2nd A. Iremonger, 3rd R. Fergusson
Plant of month: 1st R. Fergusson,
2nd A. Iremonger, 3rd A. Iremonger

Next meeting: April 23rd. Competition

will be mini bromeliads. Our speaker
will be Maureen, talking about mini
bromeliads. Visitors are always welcome.

South Auckland Bromeliad Group

– Nancy Murphy
We held our April meeting at the
Auckland Botanical Gardens. This was

the Annual Sale for the group and, being

Palm Sunday, we joined the Palm and
Cycad Society as we did last year. This

amalgamation has been very beneficial
for both groups. This year we had more
plants and as a result our sales figures
bettered previous years. Thank you to all


Next meeting: May 7th at the Drury
School Hall, at 1.00pm. We are ‘returning
to school’ for the winter months. This is

our AGM. Our speakers will be Peter and

Jocelyn Coyle showing the PowerPoint
presentation just given at the ‘Sunny
Broms’ conference in Caloundra. See
you there.

Another look at the wonderful garden
of Carolle and John Roberts – Diane Timmins

We had the pleasure of
visiting Carolle and John’s
wonderful property on a
wild and woolly day in March. The
intensely gardened section offered
extensive views over the majestic
Manukau Harbour, while the steep
section offered surprisingly accessible
paths to the artistic garden clinging
to the slopes. Arriving down the
drive reveals a vehicle turning apron
flanked by the house on one side and
a substantial retaining wall and fence
on the other.

This wall would have been daunting in
its height and size, but the artistic eye
of Carolle has turned it into a beautiful
feature. Painting the tanalised timbers
black, placing several large blue pots
divided by art panels showed how
a few simple but well thought out

adjustments can divert and stimulate
the eye.

Planting ivy to climb these walls, and
adding bromeliads for colour gives

life to the area. Although as with all
projects, time was needed, and the
plants have adjusted to the strong
south westerly that can whip through.

Walking down the side of the house

it can be appreciated the hard work

Carolle has put into the garden. When
they moved there 10 years ago it was

not possible to access the lower area as

the overgrown garden was covered in

scrub and bush. John the tree trimmer
knocked it all back to expose existing

Cont’d P20 19

Cont’d from P19 – The wonderful garden of Carolle and John Roberts

retaining walls below the house,

and paths and steps were utilised

to develop a beautiful garden, full

of surprises around every corner.

We were joined on our tour of

the garden by Thomas. He was

a stray cat who loves his new
home, showing off his skills at

clambering up vertical trunks

and scaling high fences. He had
so much excitement on the day
of the March Bromeliad Society
visit it apparently had taken him

some time to recover!

Carolle’s interest in bromeliads

started with her tillandsia
collection. Although it is still a
wonderful display from ground
to high up in trees, it is now only
a small part of a much larger

collection of bromeliads. These

are displayed to enhance their
features, such as in pots half
raised from the ground to give
height or provide accent under
the leaves. The garden is full
of amazing pieces of art, from
framed tiles, to wall hangings,
statues and garden ornaments
of all different shapes and sizes.

They have been gathered from

friends and from anywhere else
if they offer intrigue. All of these

items are painted blue, tying

together all the garden areas as
they change from shade to vegies
to formal to sun.

However, be warned. Rumour

has it if you stand too long in one
place in this garden, you will end

up being painted blue!

 June 2017
VOL 57 NO 6
In the bush in Titirangi. Photo Graeme Barclay.
• Preparing tillandsias for winter
• Counting down to our Rare Plant Auction... June 27th

a regular column from Peter Waters
Tillandsia tricolor and Tillandsia melanocrater

are not stoloniferous.
Tillandsia tricolor Tillandsia melanocrater
Tillandsia tricolor is commonly

found in New Zealand collections,

with its narrow scaly leaves
forming a dense rosette, and with a
usually single spike of red, yellow and
green and long violet petals. It was
originally described in 1831, an epiphyte
from Mexico and other countries in
Central America. Another smaller variant
from Costa Rica was described in 1887
as Tillandsia melanopus originally but
became melanocrater and in 1953 was
made a variety of Tillandsia tricolor.

Recently the publication of
a new species, Tillandsia
manzanilloensis, closely
to Tillandsia
tricolor has shown that
Tillandsia melanocrater
should be raised to
species status. There

has always been some
confusion about whether

we have tricolor
or melanocrater in
our collections. The

first thing to note is the size, tricolor
is over 25cm high when flowering

and melanocrater under 25cm. The
inflorescence of tricolor is generally
raised above the leaves, while
melanocrater is often about the same

height as its leaves. You can expect a

darker base on melanocrater, hence the
name, and tricolor also has short scaly

Tillandsia tricolor has another

recognisable feature, and that is floral
bracts that have a lepidote or scaly
tip. This is quite noticeable as a silver
appearance at the end of the floral bracts.

This is missing from melanocrater.

The new species, Tillandsia
manzanilloensis may possibly be in New
Zealand, as it has been about for some
time, masquerading as tricolor. The
inflorescence usually has several spikes
which are a bit narrower, the base of the
plant is slightly bulbous and new shoots

Bromeliad Society of New Zealand Inc

Bromeliad Journal – June 2017 issue

‘Tell the difference’ – Peter Waters 2
President’s Page – Diane Timmins 4
Rare plant auction and mid-winter supper notice 4
Bromeliad Society May meeting news – Dave Anderson 5
Preparing tillandsias for winter – Lynette Nash 8
Group News 13
‘Plant of the Month’ – Diane Timmins 15
‘New from New Zealand’ – Graeme Barclay 16
Society officers, subs and Journal directory 17
‘Special Species Spotlight’ – Graeme Barclay 18
The Tillandsia Group at the Morrisey’s – Diane Timmins 20
Graeme and Jeanene Barclay’s garden – Diane Timmins 22

The opinions expressed in articles or letters in this Journal are the contributors’ own views and

do not necessarily express the views or the policy of the Bromeliad Society of New Zealand.


Please see the Group News section starting on page 13 for details of group meeting
times and venues.

25th Northland Group meeting 2nd South Auckland Group meeting
27th Society monthly meeting at 12th Bay of Plenty Group meeting
Greyfriar’s Hall, corner of Mt Eden and 25th Society monthly meeting at
Windmill roads, starting at 7.30pm. The Greyfriar’s Hall, corner of Mt Eden and
monthly choice competition: Bigeneric Windmill roads, starting at 7.30pm. The
bromeliads. Rare Plant Auction monthly choice competition: Billbergias.
followed by our Mid-winter supper. Speaker: Hawi Winter on ‘Adaptations
Please bring a plate to share! of bromeliads’.

Front Cover: A natural bush setting in Titirangi, Auckland – the beautiful garden of
Graeme and Jeanene Barclay. See the article and photos stating on page 22.


It feels like winter is settling in now.

The biggest thing I try to keep in

mind over winter is that the South

American climate tends to contrast

with ours in that they have warm wet

summers, and cool, dry winters. It’s

those long wet cold times we suffer

here in winter that can be detrimental
to our lovely broms. Shelter your

more tender plants from prolonged
wet periods. Try not to have them too

crowded – air flow is good for them.
Free draining soil is important and,
of course, avoid frost. However, the
shortest day is upon us, it’s all downhill
to spring!

Our June meeting is going to be great

fun. We have our auction of rare

and desirable bromeliads – always

entertaining as our talented auctioneer
sells his wares. Here is the perfect

opportunity to obtain a plant that may
not normally be available for purchase
at any other time. Included will be
some bromeliad related art too. We

are also trialling something else this

auction. BSNZ members who cannot
attend the meeting will also be able
to place a maximum ‘blind bid’ on

plants via a proxy bid. Go online to the
‘Kiwi Bromeliad Group’ on Facebook

for more information on this. You will

also be able to see photos of some of

the plants prior to the auction. If you

request to ‘join’ the group you will be

allowed access within a short time.

Graeme Barclay will be putting the
photos he has available up for viewing
as they come available.

For those of us who miss out on the

wonderful goodies up for auction, there
will be numerous great prizes available
when you purchase raffle tickets.
We’ll have not only bromeliads, but
also other bromeliad related items.
And because there are many prizes,
you’ll be in with a very good chance

of winning something. It keeps getting

better, as we then have a shared supper

– please bring along a plate of food
to share! This will be an enjoyable
evening and is an important fundraiser
for the Society. I’m looking forward to
it. Hope to see you there.

Take care

Diane Timmins

At our June 27th meeting...
MID WINTER SUPPER... please bring a plate
It’s still not too late to submit your special plant for our auction...
if you HURRY! Ring Peter Waters 09-534 5616.
BUYERS... Go to the Kiwi Bromeliad Group Facebook page and request to
‘JOIN’ for more details on the auction. You can also find out there how
you can ‘blind bid’ in the auction, even if you cannot attend the meeting.

Bromeliad Society May Meeting News

– Notes by Dave Anderson, photos by Graeme Barclay
President Diane welcomed
everyone including two visitors
and one new member. In
accordance with the BSNZ constitution
a motion was put to the meeting to
increase the annual subscription by
$10.00 per year starting in March
2018. It was noted that we have not had
an increase in the subscription since
March 2006. After discussion it was
carried unanimously. The membership
subscriptions from 2018 will be:
Ordinary membership NZ $45.00
($5.00 discount if paid before the end
of February). Dual membership NZ
$55.00 ($5.00 discount also applies as

Aechmea chantinii ‘Samurai’. First in
Open Flowering section (Peter Coyle)
Vriesea ‘Angela’ x ‘Hunua Embers’. First Tillandsia tectorum.
in Open Foliage section ’ (John Mitchell) First in Tillandsia section (Peter Waters)

Cont’d P6

Cont’d from P5 – Bromeliad Society Meeting News

Tillandsia punctulata. First in MonthlyChoice competition – fine leafedtillandsias (John Mitchell)
Neoregelia ‘Lorena Lector’.
First in Neoregelia section (Peter Coyle)
Aechmea nudicaulis var. capitata.
Second equal in Flowering section(Nancy Murphy)
A letter of appreciation from the

secretary of Eden Garden was read out.

Thanking the ladies from our Society
who have done such wonderful work
in restoring the Bromeliad Glade at

Eden Garden to its former glory.

We have our annual Rare Plant Auction

at our June meeting. Please contact
Peter Waters if you have suitable plants
to sell. Also in June we will have our
popular mid-winter supper, so please
bring a plate to share.

Peter took us through the ‘Show and
Tell’ plants. First up for display were
two different plants named in NZ as
Tillandsia guatemalensis. The plants

were in flower, with the larger plant

having green leaves speckled with
maroon spots on the upper surface and
a full maroon colour to the underneath

surface. It had been imported into

NZ as a plant from Guatemala in the
late 1980s. This plant keyed out as
Tillandsia guatemalensis. The smaller
plant with plain green leaves has a

similar flower spike to the species
but did not key out as Tillandsia
guatemalensis. This smaller plant

was from imported seed that had been

grown on here in the early 1980s. It is
quite a common plant in NZ as it has

numerous grass pups but is probably
a hybrid of some sort. Next was a
misnamed plant that was identified as

Tillandsia leiboldiana that grows well

outside all year round and is in flower
at this time of year. Finally, six clumps

of grass-like tillandsias that required

confirmation of name or renaming.

Tillandsia chaetophylla is a plant with

a purplish flower that was true to label.
Tillandsia pseudobaileyi a bulbous type

plant that had been wrongly named as

Tillandsia chaetophylla. Tillandsia
simulata – possibly correct. Tillandsia
juncea that had been wrongly named

as Tillandsia floribunda – note that

this latter plant is easily identified
when flowering because of its very
shiny bracts. There were other forms

of Tillandsia juncea such as Tillandsia
juncifolia that is stoloniferous;
Tillandsia juncea (major) that is just
a large form of Tillandsia juncea.
Although not a positive means of

identification, the internet does help in

viewing correctly named plants.

We then had an excellent talk on

tillandsias by Lynette Nash with tips

on preparing them for winter.

We had three special raffle prizes this
month and the lucky members were:
David Shore, Hazel Foot and Hawi
Winter. The door prizes went to Eric
Billington, Annie Bangayan and Diana



Open Flowering: First, Peter Coyle

with Aechmea chantinii ‘Samurai’ –
a most attractive plant with a lovely

coloured inflorescence some 70cm

high. This plant was also voted plant of
the month. Second equal were Nancy
Murphy with Aechmea nudicaulis
capitata and Don Brown with
Wittrockia cyathiformis. Also in the
competition were Aechmea echinata;
Goudaea ospinae var gruberi x
Vriesea ‘Angela’ and Hohenbergia
burle-marxii (dark form).

Open Foliage: John Mitchell was

first with a Vriesea ‘Angela’ x
‘Hunua Embers’ – a beautiful dark

red patterned plant. Second was Peter
Coyle with Billbergia ‘Hallelujah’.
In the competition were Hohenbergia
‘Oscar’s Silver’; Neoregelia ‘Break
of Day’; Vriesea ‘Hunua Embers’ x
‘Yellow Wave’, ‘Vista’ F2, ‘Jewel’
hybrid and Werauhia kupperiana.

Tillandsia: Peter Waters was first

with Tillandsia tectorum – always a

most attractive plant when in flower.

Second with Tillandsia melanocrater
was Lynette Nash. Other plants on

the table were Tillandsia butzii var.
roseiflora, caerulea, ‘Luscious Lissa’
and ponderosa.

Neoregelia: First Peter Coyle with
Neoregelia ‘Lorena Lector’ with its
deep purple shiny leaves and second
was Graeme Barclay with Neoregelia
‘High Society’. Also in the competition
were Neoregelia ‘Aussie Red Tiger’,
‘Moondust’, ‘Purple Wave’, ‘Tara
Tiger’s Eyes’, ‘Tiger Cub’ x ‘Maggie’s

Pride’ and ‘Totara Tiger Storm’.

Named Monthly Plant (Fine-leafed
tillandsias): First was John Mitchell

with Tillandsia punctulata and
second with Tillandsia stricta was
Lynette Nash. In the competition were

Tillandsia alvareziae, juncea, montana
and simulata x bartramii.

The Plant of the Month went to
Peter Coyle with Aechmea chantinii

Congratulations to all the winners.

NEXT MEETING: Tues 27th June.

Preparing tillandsias for winter

– Article by renowned tillandsia grower, Lynette Nash,
adapted from her talk to the Society’s monthly meeting in May.
Photos taken at Lynette’s home by Diane and Lucy Timmins.
Ihave been asked to talk about

preparing tillandsias for winter. I

think I may be better at growing

and presenting tillandsias than talking

about them, but here goes!

The principles of preparing tillandsias
for winter are similar to other genera

and have been written up in the Journal

many times so I thought that I would

expand the subject a little to also talk
about other things to do over the winter
months. I am hoping to be able to give

you some useful information that will
not only get your plants through the

winter but also keep them growing in
good condition to flower next season.

Cultural requirements...

Let’s start by looking at tillandsia
cultural requirements briefly because

they are just as relevant in winter. In

our Journal, September 2001, reprinted
from ‘Bromeletter’, Len Colgan of
South Australia writes that when asked
what are the most important aspects
in successfully growing of mounted
tillandsias he responds with the

following five necessities:

1. Good fresh air movement
2. Good light
3. Good fresh air movement
4. Regular watering
5. Of course you can all guess what 5
is. Good fresh air movement.
I would probably add... a regular

fertilising programme in the summer

With the worst of the winter rapidly

approaching, keep in mind those five
necessities, as well as Peter Waters
talking at our February meeting and
describing many tillandsias growing in
bitterly cold areas in Mexico. It is the

constant winter rain that will do most
damage causing plants to rot. Recent

winters have been reasonably warm
but periods of intense cold and wet do
occur so it is good to be prepared.

Will how we grow them have an effect
on how well they cope with the winter?

Quite possibly in my view. We all like

to grow many of the small species

in clumps because that is how they
grow in their natural habitat, make a
statement and look their best. At this

time of the year if you are a ‘clumper’
remove unsightly dead leaves and the
old plants so that the clump receives
maximum light and air movement. A

wire basket is useful to attach plants to

and form a clump. This is what I have
used to form this clump of aeranthos.

It is also beneficial to provide air

circulation around the roots. I was
dismantling a clump a few weeks ago
and was surprised that it was quite wet
in the middle although it was several
days since watering.

Cont’d P11

Tillandsia ionantha ‘Rosita’ Tillandsias in the shelf

Tillandsia aeranthos clump
Tillandsia brachycaulos in clay pot attached to wire basket

More photos on P10

More tillandsia

Tillandsia ‘White Star’

Tillandsia ionantha ‘Fuego’

Tillandsia disticha

Tillandsia velutina x capitata


Cont’d from P8 – Preparing tillandsias for winter

Another thing that will determine how
well tillandsias cope with winter is
to reduce fertilising in autumn. The
recommended fertiliser for tillandsias

is low in nitrogen, high in potassium,
with added magnesium, iron and trace
elements. Nitrogen should be avoided
leading up to winter because of the soft

growth it produces.

Now we have dealt with the clumps

and stopped fertilising, and it is still
raining, what next?

Perhaps we have to resort to moving
plants and consider which plants are

most susceptible to wet conditions.

Moving tillandsias into a plastic house
is the ideal although identifying the
warm sheltered areas in your garden

will be effective in protecting them

from the worst of the weather. If it is
particularly cold and frosty and for a

prolonged spell, extra care should be

taken as damage could result. A short

time in a car port or garage will not be

detrimental. A heater set at a very low
temperature is useful. I use a heated
towel rail in my plastic house.

Making an area with rocks, bricks and

concrete is a good idea in that it will

radiate stored heat back to the plants.

My little Tillandsia ‘Tuti Fruiti’ is
grown like this. It is outside all year

round now and has much better colour
than before when grown in a hot

house. Another is ionantha ‘Fuego’
which I’ve had on a schist rock since I

bought it in 2012. I am not suggesting

that you grow your entire collection

as lithophytes, however some will
do well, so why not give it a go and

I have not had any experience with

frost cloth but I believe that this is a

very necessary option for many. It

may be worth trying Microclima, a
transparent U.V. stabilised, knitted
fabric, permeable to water and air that
does not need to be removed during
the day. Jo Elder wrote about this
very light, Italian made product in our
May 2011 Journal. She used it inside
her shade house with, in her words,

wonderful results.

Most tillandsias growing outside will

not need to be watered over winter. It

depends however on the temperature

in a plastic house and if it has been

warm for several days as to whether

watering will be required. Some will

need more than others and to group
these together makes it easy to give
them a light misting in the morning.

The problem with tillandsias being

wet all night over an extended period

of weeks is carbon dioxide starvation.
They take up carbon dioxide at night

unlike most other plants and cannot do
this if their leaves are wet.

Some more ideas...

I feel it is a good time over winter to
evaluate your collection in terms of

health, colour and flowering. Most of
your tillandsias should be doing well as

they are easy plants to grow. However
perhaps you have seen a plant that you
grow in another collection that is so

much better and wonder why yours is

not looking the same?

Try a different position in the plastic
house or outside. It is surprising
how effective a change of light or

Cont’d P12 11

Cont’d from P11 – Preparing tillandsias for winter

temperature can be, you may not get
the right place initially, but keep trying.

In the early days of my collection I had

my share of losses simply because

they were growing in the wrong place.
In recent years more of my tillandsias

are growing outside but in a protected

environment as they are against a north
facing wall. They grow well there and
the difference I notice most is how
colourful the foliage is now.

If your plant has been grown as
an epiphyte, try it terrestrially. My
Tillandsia mitlaensis, has lovely form,
beautiful silver foliage and pups well.

I got it from Bea Hanson around 2001
and it had always grown mounted on

wood and never flowered. I switched
it to be grown in a container for maybe
the last 2 years, and success! Is that the
reason it is flowering now? Sometimes
it is difficult to decide which way to
grow, but in this case for me it was a
no brainer.

How about Tillandsia xerographica,
normally grown epiphytically but a
difficult plant to mount and it requires

careful watering over winter. Will it do

well in a pot? Mine has been suspended

over a very small amount of water as an
experiment and has surprised me with

a lot of roots. It will be transferring
to a pot, not because I want to hasten
flowering but because I am looking to
produce a well grown, healthy plant
that is mature on flowering. Growing
it terrestrially in bark is how I think it
will do best.

I always think about whether a plant

needs splitting up and remounting. I
have noticed very good growth after

dividing tillandsias. There will be more
air flow around each plant, watering
will be more effective, aesthetically it
can be very pleasing and it’s such a fun

Remember to cut off all old flowers
and inspect the base of the scape, lower
leaves and the roots for mealy bugs. I
have this occurring occasionally, if you

don’t get on to it they can cause real

damage. A weak solution of Confidor

sorts them out.

Finally, a good indoor job for the winter

months is to make a record of your

collection, easy enough on a computer

spreadsheet. As your collection grows

and they begin to number in the
hundreds as they inevitably will, it is
very interesting to look back, refresh

your memory on how long you have

owned a particular plant, where and
who you bought it from or if you were

lucky enough that it was a gift. If there

is a query regarding the name, and
this sometimes occurs, it can be most

helpful to know the source of your
plant. Your records may also prevent

you from buying the same plant twice!
It is a good time to do some research,

make a wish list of plants to look out

for in the future, and challenge yourself

to grow the most spectacular tillandsia.

In conclusion, I would say, take extra

care of your fresh air friends over the

winter and all will be well. Happy days

Group News

Eastern Bay Of Plenty Bromeliad
& Orchid Group – Gail Anderson

Our May meeting was held at the

Kingsley Scout Hall, which will be

the venue for the winter months.
A good attendance and great to see
the group visiting from Tauranga.

We had a very informative talk by Roger

Allen on the damage of sun and ultra

violet light causing burning to bromeliad
leaves. Ross Fergusson bought along
a couple of bromeliads to show how

forgiving they are as these were very
healthy plants in very small pots.

Competition results:
Plant of the month: Aechmea fasciata

1st Gail Fergusson; 2nd Annabelle
Norton; 3rd Margaret McDonald
Foliage: 1st Sheryl Ward; 2nd Pam
Signal; 3rd Margaret McDonald
Flowering:1st Sheryl Ward; 2nd
Maureen Moffat; 3rd Wilma Fitzgibbons
Orchid: Pam Signal

Next meeting: June 18th at the
Kingsley Scout Hall. Competition

plant: Dark foliage bromeliad.
Guest speaker will be Andy Price, talking
about growing orchids.

Bay of Plenty Bromeliad Group

– Lynley Breeze
Our treasurer confirmed that we raised

just over $1100 at last month’s fun

auction. Online banking of subs is

working well. We will donate $200 to

the BSNZ Journal. We presented prizes

to the winners of our annual monthly

competitions, for the 2016-17 year:

Plant of the month: 1st Dean Morman

with 40 points, 2nd Margaret Mangos
with 12 points and 3rd Jo Elder and Colin
Sutherland with 8 points each.
Open competition: 1st Dean Morman

with 52 points, 2nd Jo Elder with 24
points and 3rd equal Barbara Nalder and
Kevin Pritchard. with 10 points.

Tillandsia competition: 1st Jo Elder
with 28 points, 2nd Audrey Hewson with
16 points and 3rd Kevin Pritchard with 14
Novice section: 1st Margaret Lafaele
with 22 points and then 2nd Dianne

Vucich and Pam Albert with 6 points


Sam Brierley, who is an official edui
bonsai demonstrator, was our guest

speaker. He explained that although

bonsai is associated with Japan, it

actually developed in China and came to
Japan in the 12th century. The concept is
to create miniature trees to represent the
trees grown in the wild at all altitudes.

Sam practises yamadori, which means

gathering trees from the wild and then

converting them into bonsai plants. There
are two aspects to successful bonsai.
The first is horticultural and is to fetch
the tree grown in the wild, then adapt it

and train it to grow in a pot. The second

stage of bonsai is the artistic sculpting

and training the tree to grow to a desired
and attractive shape. The roots and the

branches need trimming frequently in
the early stages, and then only every

10 years when they have reached their

desired shape and size. Kowhai is one

of the few NZ natives which are easy to


Plant of the month – Hohenbergia
and Cryptanthus: 1st Gill Keesing with

Cont’d P14 13

Cont’d from P13 – Group News

Hohenbergia correia-araujoi, 2nd Dean
Morman with Hohenbergia correiaaraujoi and 3rd Gill Keesing with
Cryptanthus ‘Arlety’
Open: 1st Dean Morman with Vriesea

‘Tasman 2006’, 2nd Jo Elder with
Neoregelia ‘DeRolf’ and 3rd Barbara
Nalder with Vriesea ‘Autumn Vista’
Tillandsia: 1st Audrey Hewson with
Tillandsia crocata, 2nd equal Margaret
Mangos with Tillandsia ‘Creation’ and
Jo Elder with Tillandsia ‘Wildfire’, and
3rd Wilma Fitzgibbons with Tillandsia
‘Show and Tell’: Gill Keesing had a
lovely Cryptanthus ‘Black Knight’ and

Barbara Nalder had brought along a
beautiful vriesea hybrid needing to be


Next meeting: July 12th 12.30pm –
2.30pm. Dean Mormon will demonstrate

how he attaches bromeliads to

various materials. Plant of the month:

Stoloniferous bromeliads.

South Auckland Bromeliad Group

– Hawi Winter
Our June meeting was well attended and
our guest speaker, Diane Timmins (BSNZ
president) spoke to us on vrieseas. Diane
had acquired considerable numbers of
plants from Andrew Maloy, and she is
trading bromeliads both for retail and

wholesale. Diane is a second generation

bromeliad grower, who got started and
was ‘tutored’ by her mother, Hazel Jack.

She is now passing her experience on

to the next generation, her daughter

Lucy. She told us how Andrew Maloy’s

breeding programme developed. The

three most important factors for growing

beautiful vrieseas are genetics, age and


A couple of interesting facts: Many
vrieseas, including hieroglyphica, grow
as epiphytes in their original habitat and
become much bigger there than in NZ.
Also, 60% of seedling vrieseas in the

wild come true to the parent plant while

40% vary (slightly) in their colour.
Winners of the ‘Skite Table’: John
Mitchell (with 2 plants) and Margaret
Flanagan (3 plants) were 1st equal).

Next meeting: July 2nd at 1.30pm
at the Drury School Hall. Our guest

speaker will be the BSNZ ex-president

Graeme Barclay on the ’Sunny Broms’

Australasian conference held in 2017.

Northland Bromeliad Group

– Nancy Peters
Our May meeting was held at the home

of Susan and Bryce Hunter at Waiotira,
with 25 members attending.

‘Show & Tell’ competition winners:

1st equal Laura Maton – Mini (unnamed)

and Graeme Smithyman – Neoregelia
‘Painted Delight’. 2nd equal Lyn White

– Neoregelia ‘Princess Caroline Superb’
and Diana Smithyman – Neoregelia
‘Predator’; 3rd Lynsie McMahon –
Unnamed neoregelia
Thanks to everyone who brought
along plants and told us about them.

Congratulations to the winners. The

meeting was followed by afternoon tea

and a look around Susan and Bryce’s
garden and the purchase of plants.

Next meeting: Sunday June 25th at
1.30pm at Masonic Lodge meeting

rooms, 17 Albert St, Whangarei (the
street behind Arthur’s Emporium. Diane
Timmins will be our guest speaker,
talking about vrieseas.

We are starting a new regular page to focus on the bromeliad voted ‘Plant of
the Month’ at our monthly Society meeting. Here is our May winner...

Aechmea chantinii ‘Samurai’ – Grown by Peter Coyle

At our May meeting we were

fascinated by the wonderful show

of a rare species that was brought
in by Peter. His overseas escapades allow
him to source new plants to import that
will eventually expand our range and
improve the quality of plants available in
New Zealand. Lucky us!

The species Aechmea chantinii is known

as the ‘Amazonian Zebra Plant’. Its

striking striped leaves and large colourful

inflorescence has made it a highly desired
specimen for any bromeliad enthusiast.

Its natural tendency to produce varied

offspring has contributed to the discovery

and commercial success of many
outstanding cultivars – as discussed in
our ‘Special Species Spotlight’ in last

month’s Journal.

The variegated cultivar Aechmea
chantinii ‘Samurai’ is an excellent
example of this. Peter keeps his plant in
his plastic house which is maintained at a

temperature no less than 8º C. Preferably

the temperature during the winter months
doesn’t often get lower than 10º or 12º C.

Peter has had this plant here for around 3

to 4 years and now he has this beautiful
mature specimen in flower as a reward.

Aechmea chantinii ‘Samurai’

New from New Zealand
– By Graeme Barclay
Our featured new plant this month has a special bonus, a nice pup will be
in the rare plant auction at our June BSNZ meeting.

Neoregelia ‘Mai Snow Pheasant’

Andrew Devonshire – 2011 (Reg: Feb 2017)

Mature, open rosette to 16cm
high x 18 cm diameter. In
strong light, lime green
leaves marginated white / flushed pink
with pinkish red cross-banding. Outer
foliage portions turn a more solid dark

The parentage formula is (Neoregelia
‘Tascha x Clarise’) x Neoregelia

‘Golden Pheasant’.

This wonderful new “midi” variegate

is one of Andrew’s latest registrations,

where it featured for the first time at

our recent ‘Fiesta’ Show. It is also the

first registered ‘Marmavarizon’ – a
hybridiser’s name that has been coined
to describe marmoration (spotting),
variegation and zonation (bandings/
stripes) with all three features combined

in the rosette. The variegated seed
mother Neo. ‘Tascha’ x ‘Clarice’ and
pollen parent Neo. ‘Golden Pheasant’

are both Andrew’s own hybrids, so

once again he has used his own plants
in a second generation cross to produce
a range of different looking plants.
Using a striated seed
mother that will transmit
variegation to its seedlings
is a must for producing
variegated progeny.
Neoregelia ‘Mai Snow
Pheasant’ is one of the few
variegated seedlings from
the grex that developed

stable albomarginated
leaves with vibrant
markings, hence it was duly

named and registered.

This midi neo will develop

a compact, colourful rosette
in high light, a perfect

specimen for hanging

baskets or group plantings

with a ‘wow’ factor.



Patron: Patricia Sweeney
President: Diane Timmins 09-415 9066
Vice Presidents: Jocelyn Coyle 09-416 8272
Graeme Barclay 09-817 4153
Secretary: Dave Anderson 09-638 8671
Treasurer: Peter Waters 09-534 5616
Life Members: Dave Anderson, Patricia Perratt,
Patricia Sweeney, Peter Waters

Scientific Officer: Peter Waters 09-534 5616
Librarian: Noelene Ritson 09-625 8114
Committee: Bev Ching 09-576 4595
Lester Ching 09-576 4595
Alan Cliffe 09-479 1451

David Cowie 09-630 8220

Chris Paterson 09-625 6707
Editor: Murray Mathieson 09-418 0366


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Secretary, Bromeliad Society of New Zealand,

P.O. Box 108-168, Symonds Street, Auckland,
New Zealand. The opinions expressed in letters

or articles in the Journal are the contributors’ own

views and do not necessarily express the views or
policy of the Bromeliad Society of New Zealand

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By Graeme Barclay
Let’s take a closer look at a popular neoregelia species cultivar that has a
somewhat interesting name and background.

Neoregelia ‘Donger’

Back in our August 2015 Journal,

we looked at Neoregelia

‘Fireball’ and ‘Greenball’,
both currently undescribed species
from Rio de Janeiro in Brazil, that
have been given cultivar names. In the
article I mentioned possible variegated
clones of Neo. ‘Fireball’ – known in
cultivation often as Neo. ‘Fireball’
(variegated) – that are widely accepted
as being hybrids with Neoregelia
carolinae genes involved. For the sake
of minimising confusion at the time,
I did not bring this albomarginated
plant, Neoregelia ‘Donger’, into the
story, as it deserves an explanation on
its own.

Contrary to the date listed in the

Bromeliad Cultivar Registry, around
1990 in a bromeliad shadehouse at the
Bullis Nursery in Princeton, Florida, a

marginated sport was found growing
from a mature plant of Neoregelia

‘Fireball’. This of course was
something new and a complete novelty,
with Neo. ‘Fireball’being in cultivation
in Florida since the early 1960s, some

30 odd years prior. Propagation of this

unique sport quickly began and after
a few years it proved to be a stable
albomarginated cultivar. Interestingly,

such was the expected horticultural

value of this clone, in 1998 it was
presented by Harvey Bullis to the US

Patent Office and in 2000 eventually

granted patent no. US PP11448P. For

the patent application, Harvey named
the plant Neoregelia ‘Donger’, the
rumour is that this was supposedly
after the town of ‘Donga’ in Egypt,
reputedly one of the worst and most

desolate places he had ever visited!

In the early days, Neoregelia ‘Donger’
was considered by some as an ‘ugly’
plant, originally with very thin and
unreliable albomargination to the leaves
in a smallish rosette, like the normal
compact Neoregelia ‘Fireball’ we
know. Over time, it possibly improved
and stabilized more, but it also appears
a number of different albomarginated

plants entered circulation at a later date
under the same name. This was widely

suspected because in some cases Neo.

‘Donger’ seemed to change into a plant

with longer leaves and wider, more
pronounced albomargination. Some
clones also began to exhibit intense
cup colour at blooming. Neo. ‘Donger’
and Neo. ‘Fireball’ DO NOT intensely
blush in the centre at blooming, so this

is an easy way to tell if you have the

real thing, or an imposter hybrid.

These other albomarginated ‘imposter’

clones have most likely come from the

many hybrids made with Neoregelia
carolinae lineated clones crossed with

Neoregelia ‘Donger’


Neo. ‘Fireball’, that will often produce
variegated offspring, as mentioned
above. Some of these hybrids are now

very popular and widespread plants
too, such as; Neoregelia ‘Annick’,
‘Gorrion’, ‘Fire Wheel’ and ‘Rosy
Fireball’. If you look at the parentage
of Chester Skotak’s albomarginated
hybrid Neoregelia ‘Rosy Fireball’ –
[(carolinae (lineated) x ‘Fireball’)
x ‘Fireball’] x ‘Fireball’ – and then
look at the plant itself, you can see
how it could easily be misidentified as

Neo.‘Donger’ to an untrained eye.

Neoregelia ‘Donger’ should always

be grown in very high light, as you
would the normal Neo. Fireball, so

it attains its hot-pink-tinged leaf

edges. Mounted high in ponga pots,
in stumps or in hanging baskets is the
ideal method, where they can easily
spread and be exposed to plenty of

sun. With some minimal feeding in the

warmer months, you can expect good

stoloniferous pup growth so it will
eventually form a compact clump.

In Rebecca and Dave Morrisey’s garden...

– Photos by Lucy Timmins

The Tillandsia Group meets in the
heart of Auckland at the Morrissey
garden of ‘hidden treasures’

– Notes by Diane Timmins
Every two months a group of
enthusiasts meet at people’s
gardens to discuss and enjoy
tillandsias. At the end of April we
were invited to Rebecca and Dave
Morrissey’s home. We drove up to a
classic villa in the heart of Auckland
city where the garden path led to a
back yard flanked by trees offering an
oasis in suburbia.

A day threatening rain held off to
allow our group to enjoy the lovely

outdoor setting. Having only been at

the property two years the resulting

garden is amazing. Steps led to a path

allowing access through a garden of
hidden treasures. There were numerous

flowering shrubs and perennials of

enough varieties to offer colour from
somewhere at any time of the year.
Amongst these were nestled a quality

collection of bromeliads. A pergola

central to the garden was perfect to

attach tillandsias, large and small.

This meeting the discussion plants

brought in by various members
began with the letter ‘K’. This

included Tillandsia kirchhoffiana,
and Tillandsia kautskyi. Tillandsia
kammii was also shown. Thankfully,
this plant has been suitably protected

in its natural environment and has now

been removed from the CITES list (the
Convention on Trade in Endangered
Species of Wild fauna and flora).

Tillandsia karwinskyana made for
interesting discussion as two plants

were brought in with this name. It
was concluded, with the expertise of
Peter Waters, that the larger specimen

was actually Tillandsia pringlei. This

plant is very similar both in growth
habit and even in flowering, leading to
misidentification here some time back.
Refer to an article in our February
2017 Journal by Peter Waters to check

the correct naming of your plants.

You are very welcome to join the
Tillandsia Group. Please keep a regular

eye on the Journal Group News section

to see the group meeting dates and

Visiting Graeme and Jeanene
Barclay’s garden, March 2017

– Article and photos by Diane Timmins
We went to visit Graeme and

Jeanene Barclay’s garden,

and found ourselves at the
end of a quiet road, and down a narrow
right of way, at the very edge of the
bush clad foothills of Titirangi. A wild

The driveway down to the house

hosts a bank of colourful specimens,
including a prickly zone ‘Shark
City’, housing his famous collection
of Neoregelia carcharodon hybrids.
Walking around the deck of the house
deck the view opened onto an oasis of

grass surrounded by gardens brimming
with bromeliads.

Graeme’s interest in bromeliads stems
back 20 years to when a landscaper

friend gave him a selection of

bromeliads, and he has been interested

ever since. Five years ago he and

Jeanene moved to their new property
where the outside had been landscaped

with shell paths and gardens. But the

maintenance had been neglected for

some time and there was a lot of work

to be done. Much development has
been done by Graeme and Jeanene,

and there is still more potential. As

with most gardens, it is still a work in
progress. What has been achieved is


The lower area is the place where
Graeme keeps his large collection of

species, categorised into groups. These

start immediately below the deck with
his aechmea garden, and amongst other

things includes his Vriesea fosteriana

garden, and his quesnelia tree. A row of

decapitated yucca support the aechmea
plantings like masts wearing colourful

‘hats’ of bromeliad clumps.

Go a bit further around the house and

his two polyweave plastic houses are

One is left to the mercy of the elements,
but the environment (no frosts) means

the temperature doesn’t go down

below 6º C.

For the more temperamental, sensitive
plants and seedlings, the second
polyhouse can be enclosed and the
temperature maintained to above 9º C

with a heater and fan system.

In these structures Graeme has a great
collection of special plants. Local and

imported species and hybrids, many of

them unique to Graeme’s collection.
An example is Aechmea ‘Roberto
Menescal’. It is an outstanding
variegated tissue culture sport of

Aechmea chantinii (dark form). This
rare plant was named and registered by
Chester Skotak for the original grower,
and was brought to our March monthly
meeting by Graeme where it was voted

‘Plant of the Month’.

He is also dabbling in his own

hybridising, with numerous trays of
seedlings, colourfully sprouting in

nooks and crannies around his garden
hoping for that special plant to emerge.
Whether you are a collector of species

or a recreational gardener, Graeme and
Jeanene’s place is an absolute joy to


More photos on P24 23

Graeme and Jeanene
Barclay’s garden...

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